Siste publikasjoner

36947 Transportation Research Part F, 74, 280-297 (2020) Sina Nordhoff, Tyron Louw, Satu Innamaa, Esko Lehtonen, Anja Beuster, Guilhermina Torrao, Afsaneh Bjorvatn, Tanja Kessel, Fanny Malin, Riender Happee and Natasha Merat Using the UTAUT2 model to explain public acceptance of conditionally automated (L3) cars: A questionnaire study among 9,118 car drivers from eight European countries /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 36947 0 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part F, 74, 280-297 (2020) 0 1 Pub_Writer Sina Nordhoff, Tyron Louw, Satu Innamaa, Esko Lehtonen, Anja Beuster, Guilhermina Torrao, Afsaneh Bjorvatn, Tanja Kessel, Fanny Malin, Riender Happee and Natasha Merat 0 2 Pub_Title Using the UTAUT2 model to explain public acceptance of conditionally automated (L3) cars: A questionnaire study among 9,118 car drivers from eight European countries 0 3 Pub_Publication /Files 0 4 Pub_AbstractEn 0 5 Pub_Type 3 0 6 Pub_Year 2020 0 7 Pub_OldID 0 0 8 36946 A09/20 Øystein Evenstad The role of data: A two-sided model of competition between Google and DuckDuckGo /Files This thesis aims to analyze the consumer data’s role as a revenue-shifting input in a two-sided competition-in-utility model between a search engine collecting personalized consumer data (Google) and one that does not (DuckDuckGo). Search engines are examples of platforms characterized by network externalities. They harvest the attention of users and resell this attention to advertisers. As such, standard market mechanisms typical of single-sided markets do not apply. In our model, advertisers are willing to pay a higher premium for targeted search results utilizing consumer data. As such, a search engine like Google can command higher prices per sponsored link if it collects more personalized data from its users. This must be balanced against demand effects stemming from consumer aversion towards the disclosure of personal data. DuckDuckGo, a search engine that explicitly does not collect consumer data, can use investments in consumer aversion strategically to capture market shares from Google. We find that Google has an incentive to collect consumer data and that the presence of DuckDuckGo will moderate the amount. We also find that as consumer aversion to advertisements increases, Google will choose to collect more consumer data as DuckDuckGo’s incentives to respond with investments in privacy awareness are reduced. 1 2020 0 PubID 36946 1 0 Pub_TypeNumber A09/20 1 1 Pub_Writer Øystein Evenstad 1 2 Pub_Title The role of data: A two-sided model of competition between Google and DuckDuckGo 1 3 Pub_Publication /Files 1 4 Pub_AbstractEn This thesis aims to analyze the consumer data’s role as a revenue-shifting input in a two-sided competition-in-utility model between a search engine collecting personalized consumer data (Google) and one that does not (DuckDuckGo). Search engines are examples of platforms characterized by network externalities. They harvest the attention of users and resell this attention to advertisers. As such, standard market mechanisms typical of single-sided markets do not apply. In our model, advertisers are willing to pay a higher premium for targeted search results utilizing consumer data. As such, a search engine like Google can command higher prices per sponsored link if it collects more personalized data from its users. This must be balanced against demand effects stemming from consumer aversion towards the disclosure of personal data. DuckDuckGo, a search engine that explicitly does not collect consumer data, can use investments in consumer aversion strategically to capture market shares from Google. We find that Google has an incentive to collect consumer data and that the presence of DuckDuckGo will moderate the amount. We also find that as consumer aversion to advertisements increases, Google will choose to collect more consumer data as DuckDuckGo’s incentives to respond with investments in privacy awareness are reduced. 1 5 Pub_Type 1 1 6 Pub_Year 2020 1 7 Pub_OldID 0 1 8 36945 A07/20 Martin Richardson and Frank Stähler Some Economics of Echo Chambers /Files/Filer/Publications/A07_20.pdf This paper analyzes competition between a media firm providing true information (news) and two “fake news” providers that create echo chambers. Information from the media firm is uncertain but truthful, and consumers enjoy confirmation of their prior beliefs due to cognitive dissonances. We show that, even if real news is more valued than fake news, entry by fake news providers becomes more profitable with the variance of information. Furthermore, a public news provider makes entry for fake news providers harder compared to a profit-maximizing media firm. 1 2020 0 PubID 36945 2 0 Pub_TypeNumber A07/20 2 1 Pub_Writer Martin Richardson and Frank Stähler 2 2 Pub_Title Some Economics of Echo Chambers 2 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A07_20.pdf 2 4 Pub_AbstractEn This paper analyzes competition between a media firm providing true information (news) and two “fake news” providers that create echo chambers. Information from the media firm is uncertain but truthful, and consumers enjoy confirmation of their prior beliefs due to cognitive dissonances. We show that, even if real news is more valued than fake news, entry by fake news providers becomes more profitable with the variance of information. Furthermore, a public news provider makes entry for fake news providers harder compared to a profit-maximizing media firm. 2 5 Pub_Type 1 2 6 Pub_Year 2020 2 7 Pub_OldID 0 2 8 36944 A06/20 Malin Arve, Øystein Foros and Hans Jarle Kind Access-price structure and entrants’ build-or-buy incentives in mobile markets /Files/Filer/Publications/A06_20.pdf We consider a market structure with three mobile providers, two of which are vertically integrated and have nationwide coverage. The third provider (an entrant) invests in partial coverage, and needs to rent access from one of its rivals in order to provide nationwide coverage. The paper is motivated by the Norwegian mobile market, where the competition authorities imposed a fine of EUR 78 million on Telenor (the dominant incumbent) for abusing market power by changing the access price structure in such a way that it hampered the entrant’s investment incentives. Specifically, Telenor reduced the rental rate for the actual use of Telenor’s network. At the same time, they introduced a SIM card fee payable by the entrant for each of its consumers. We show that the relationship between the change in the access price structure and the entrant’s investment level is ambiguous. Competition among the vertically-integrated providers in the access market may drive them to offer a structure that benefits the entrant. Thus, the observed change in access price structure may be the outcome of intensified upstream competition rather than abuse of market power. 1 2020 0 PubID 36944 3 0 Pub_TypeNumber A06/20 3 1 Pub_Writer Malin Arve, Øystein Foros and Hans Jarle Kind 3 2 Pub_Title Access-price structure and entrants’ build-or-buy incentives in mobile markets 3 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A06_20.pdf 3 4 Pub_AbstractEn We consider a market structure with three mobile providers, two of which are vertically integrated and have nationwide coverage. The third provider (an entrant) invests in partial coverage, and needs to rent access from one of its rivals in order to provide nationwide coverage. The paper is motivated by the Norwegian mobile market, where the competition authorities imposed a fine of EUR 78 million on Telenor (the dominant incumbent) for abusing market power by changing the access price structure in such a way that it hampered the entrant’s investment incentives. Specifically, Telenor reduced the rental rate for the actual use of Telenor’s network. At the same time, they introduced a SIM card fee payable by the entrant for each of its consumers. We show that the relationship between the change in the access price structure and the entrant’s investment level is ambiguous. Competition among the vertically-integrated providers in the access market may drive them to offer a structure that benefits the entrant. Thus, the observed change in access price structure may be the outcome of intensified upstream competition rather than abuse of market power. 3 5 Pub_Type 1 3 6 Pub_Year 2020 3 7 Pub_OldID 0 3 8 36943 2020 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2020) Gabriel Fuentes and Roar Adland A Spatial Framework for Extracting Suez Canal Transit Information from AIS /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 36943 4 0 Pub_TypeNumber 2020 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2020) 4 1 Pub_Writer Gabriel Fuentes and Roar Adland 4 2 Pub_Title A Spatial Framework for Extracting Suez Canal Transit Information from AIS 4 3 Pub_Publication /Files 4 4 Pub_AbstractEn 4 5 Pub_Type 3 4 6 Pub_Year 2020 4 7 Pub_OldID 0 4 8 36942 2020 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2020) Vit Prochazka and Roar Adland Feature Engineering for Supply Analysis in Ocean Transportation /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 36942 5 0 Pub_TypeNumber 2020 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2020) 5 1 Pub_Writer Vit Prochazka and Roar Adland 5 2 Pub_Title Feature Engineering for Supply Analysis in Ocean Transportation 5 3 Pub_Publication /Files 5 4 Pub_AbstractEn 5 5 Pub_Type 3 5 6 Pub_Year 2020 5 7 Pub_OldID 0 5 8 36940 R09/20 Ivar Gaasland Norsk produksjon av jordbruksvarer – hvem betaler regningen? /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF-R 09_20.pdf 2 2020 0 PubID 36940 6 0 Pub_TypeNumber R09/20 6 1 Pub_Writer Ivar Gaasland 6 2 Pub_Title Norsk produksjon av jordbruksvarer – hvem betaler regningen? 6 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF-R 09_20.pdf 6 4 Pub_AbstractEn 6 5 Pub_Type 2 6 6 Pub_Year 2020 6 7 Pub_OldID 0 6 8 36939 SAGE Open Medicine, 8 (2020) Anne-Mette Magnussen, Afsaneh Bjorvatn and Lisa Wallander Law and medical practice: A comparative vignette survey of cardiologists in Norway and Denmark /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 36939 7 0 Pub_TypeNumber SAGE Open Medicine, 8 (2020) 7 1 Pub_Writer Anne-Mette Magnussen, Afsaneh Bjorvatn and Lisa Wallander 7 2 Pub_Title Law and medical practice: A comparative vignette survey of cardiologists in Norway and Denmark 7 3 Pub_Publication /Files 7 4 Pub_AbstractEn 7 5 Pub_Type 3 7 6 Pub_Year 2020 7 7 Pub_OldID 0 7 8 36938 Review of Network Economics, 19(1), 43-83 (2020) Armando J. Garcia Pires Content Provision in the Media Market with Single-Homing and Multi-Homing Consumers /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 36938 8 0 Pub_TypeNumber Review of Network Economics, 19(1), 43-83 (2020) 8 1 Pub_Writer Armando J. Garcia Pires 8 2 Pub_Title Content Provision in the Media Market with Single-Homing and Multi-Homing Consumers 8 3 Pub_Publication /Files 8 4 Pub_AbstractEn 8 5 Pub_Type 3 8 6 Pub_Year 2020 8 7 Pub_OldID 0 8 8 36937 Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting and Financial Management, 32(5), 875-887 (2020) Daniela Argento, Katarina Kaarbøe and Jarmo Vakkuri Constructing certainty through public budgeting: budgeting responses to COVID-19 pandemic in Finland, Norway and Sweden /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 36937 9 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting and Financial Management, 32(5), 875-887 (2020) 9 1 Pub_Writer Daniela Argento, Katarina Kaarbøe and Jarmo Vakkuri 9 2 Pub_Title Constructing certainty through public budgeting: budgeting responses to COVID-19 pandemic in Finland, Norway and Sweden 9 3 Pub_Publication /Files 9 4 Pub_AbstractEn 9 5 Pub_Type 3 9 6 Pub_Year 2020 9 7 Pub_OldID 0 9 8 36936 European Management Review, 17(4), 1015-1026 (2020) Marcus Selart, Vidar Schei, Rune Lines and Synnøve Nesse Can Mindfulness be Helpful in Team Decision-Making? A Framework for Understanding How to Mitigate False Consensus /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 36936 10 0 Pub_TypeNumber European Management Review, 17(4), 1015-1026 (2020) 10 1 Pub_Writer Marcus Selart, Vidar Schei, Rune Lines and Synnøve Nesse 10 2 Pub_Title Can Mindfulness be Helpful in Team Decision-Making? A Framework for Understanding How to Mitigate False Consensus 10 3 Pub_Publication /Files 10 4 Pub_AbstractEn 10 5 Pub_Type 3 10 6 Pub_Year 2020 10 7 Pub_OldID 0 10 8 36935 Facilities (2020) Arnt-Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal Academics' preferences for office spaces /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 36935 11 0 Pub_TypeNumber Facilities (2020) 11 1 Pub_Writer Arnt-Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal 11 2 Pub_Title Academics' preferences for office spaces 11 3 Pub_Publication /Files 11 4 Pub_AbstractEn 11 5 Pub_Type 3 11 6 Pub_Year 2020 11 7 Pub_OldID 0 11 8 36934 R08/20 Sagar D. Gaikwad and Maximilian S. Herczeg Human Resource Management Perceptions in the Algorithm-driven Platform Economy. An Exploratory Study on the Role of Key Actors in the Food Delivery Sector /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_20.pdf <p>This study is an examination of human resource management (HRM) in the platform-driven gig economy. More specifically, this research aims to answer the following question:<br />How do different actors in the algorithm-driven platform economy influence HRM perceptions of gig workers?</p> <p>A qualitative method is used to collect and analyse non-numerical data from interviews with gig workers in the food delivery sector. The research scope is narrowed down to Europe, and the participants interviewed are residents in the Netherlands, Norway and Germany. The gig workers interviewed have worked for Uber Eats, Foodora and Deliveroo.</p> <p>Human research management can contribute greatly to a firm&rsquo;s performance and competitive advantage. However, past research on HRM has mainly been conducted in more traditional sectors, which are not based on algorithms and technology. Furthermore, an increasing number of companies use automated, less human-based approaches in managing their workforce. This study thus aims to understand which actors affect the gig worker&rsquo;s perception of HRM and how they do so.</p> <p>The results of this research found differences in the perceptions of riders across gig companies, depending not only on the company they work at but also on the country they are working in. The main finding of the research is that seven key actors play major influencing roles in developing HRM perceptions of the riders. The actors are the companies, merchants, customers, fellow riders, tax offices, trade unions and the riders themselves. The strongest factors influencing HRM perceptions are money, flexibility, rewards, customer tips, the unpredictability of waiting time, solidarity with other riders, employee support from trade unions and self-motivation of the riders.</p> <p>Thus, the research provides interesting and relevant primary evidence showing that multiple actors influence the positive and negative perceptions for riders working in the food delivery sector in the platform economy.</p> 2 2020 0 PubID 36934 12 0 Pub_TypeNumber R08/20 12 1 Pub_Writer Sagar D. Gaikwad and Maximilian S. Herczeg 12 2 Pub_Title Human Resource Management Perceptions in the Algorithm-driven Platform Economy. An Exploratory Study on the Role of Key Actors in the Food Delivery Sector 12 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_20.pdf 12 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This study is an examination of human resource management (HRM) in the platform-driven gig economy. More specifically, this research aims to answer the following question:<br />How do different actors in the algorithm-driven platform economy influence HRM perceptions of gig workers?</p> <p>A qualitative method is used to collect and analyse non-numerical data from interviews with gig workers in the food delivery sector. The research scope is narrowed down to Europe, and the participants interviewed are residents in the Netherlands, Norway and Germany. The gig workers interviewed have worked for Uber Eats, Foodora and Deliveroo.</p> <p>Human research management can contribute greatly to a firm&rsquo;s performance and competitive advantage. However, past research on HRM has mainly been conducted in more traditional sectors, which are not based on algorithms and technology. Furthermore, an increasing number of companies use automated, less human-based approaches in managing their workforce. This study thus aims to understand which actors affect the gig worker&rsquo;s perception of HRM and how they do so.</p> <p>The results of this research found differences in the perceptions of riders across gig companies, depending not only on the company they work at but also on the country they are working in. The main finding of the research is that seven key actors play major influencing roles in developing HRM perceptions of the riders. The actors are the companies, merchants, customers, fellow riders, tax offices, trade unions and the riders themselves. The strongest factors influencing HRM perceptions are money, flexibility, rewards, customer tips, the unpredictability of waiting time, solidarity with other riders, employee support from trade unions and self-motivation of the riders.</p> <p>Thus, the research provides interesting and relevant primary evidence showing that multiple actors influence the positive and negative perceptions for riders working in the food delivery sector in the platform economy.</p> 12 5 Pub_Type 2 12 6 Pub_Year 2020 12 7 Pub_OldID 0 12 8 36933 R07/20 Tomas Fabian Fostering Innovation through Organizational Agility in the Technology-Driven Firm. An Exploratory Case Study in the Media Industry /Files/Filer/Publications/R07_20.pdf <p>This thesis examines how a technology-driven firm can drive innovation through the concept of organizational agility. This research is conducted as an exploratory, single case study investigating the phenomenon in the context of an incumbent media firm. The empirical findings are further related to the existing literature on organizational agility and selected theories within the innovation management discipline.</p> <p>The findings outline the change process and discuss the main drivers of shifting the company towards the organizational agility. The components of organizational agility are identified and presented as &lsquo;Hallmarks&rsquo; concerning established procedures, performed actions and other characteristics related to the studied phenomenon within the research context. Each of the hallmarks is elaborated in detail to develop an overall understanding of how agility can be embraced at an organizational level. Besides, the outcomes in the form of experienced challenges and gained benefits related to adopting organizational agility are identified. The flexibility, speed and customer focus as the main achieved benefits are further discussed in relation to the concept of innovation capacity.</p> <p>The study finds that embracing organizational agility may facilitate sustaining innovation in the technology-driven firm. Additionally, identified hallmarks of organizational agility and gained benefits may support a technology-driven firm in executing a fast follower strategy. A general concern associated with excessive customer-centricity potentially hindering disruptive innovation is emphasized and respective managerial recommendations are proposed.</p> <p>The thesis suggests that both academia and industry would benefit from future research examining the relationship between agility and organizational economic performance and studying the phenomenon in the context of a non-tech organization.</p> 2 2020 0 PubID 36933 13 0 Pub_TypeNumber R07/20 13 1 Pub_Writer Tomas Fabian 13 2 Pub_Title Fostering Innovation through Organizational Agility in the Technology-Driven Firm. An Exploratory Case Study in the Media Industry 13 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R07_20.pdf 13 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This thesis examines how a technology-driven firm can drive innovation through the concept of organizational agility. This research is conducted as an exploratory, single case study investigating the phenomenon in the context of an incumbent media firm. The empirical findings are further related to the existing literature on organizational agility and selected theories within the innovation management discipline.</p> <p>The findings outline the change process and discuss the main drivers of shifting the company towards the organizational agility. The components of organizational agility are identified and presented as &lsquo;Hallmarks&rsquo; concerning established procedures, performed actions and other characteristics related to the studied phenomenon within the research context. Each of the hallmarks is elaborated in detail to develop an overall understanding of how agility can be embraced at an organizational level. Besides, the outcomes in the form of experienced challenges and gained benefits related to adopting organizational agility are identified. The flexibility, speed and customer focus as the main achieved benefits are further discussed in relation to the concept of innovation capacity.</p> <p>The study finds that embracing organizational agility may facilitate sustaining innovation in the technology-driven firm. Additionally, identified hallmarks of organizational agility and gained benefits may support a technology-driven firm in executing a fast follower strategy. A general concern associated with excessive customer-centricity potentially hindering disruptive innovation is emphasized and respective managerial recommendations are proposed.</p> <p>The thesis suggests that both academia and industry would benefit from future research examining the relationship between agility and organizational economic performance and studying the phenomenon in the context of a non-tech organization.</p> 13 5 Pub_Type 2 13 6 Pub_Year 2020 13 7 Pub_OldID 0 13 8 36932 R06/20 Samyuktha Kamath The Influence of Agile Ways of Working on Change Capacity. A case study exploring organizational agility in practice /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_20.pdf <p>In this case study, I explore if and how agile ways of working influence change capacity. In that, I investigate the effects on change capacity at both the organizational and individual level. First, to gain an understanding of the prevalent perspectives and arguments on agile and change capacity, literature was reviewed. Second, qualitative data was collected from a single firm set within the banking industry. The findings from this were then analyzed as &lsquo;actions&rsquo; taken by the firm represented by agile ways of working, and the &lsquo;outcome&rsquo; represented by organizational and individual change capacity. While the actions were synonymous with those described in agile literature, the outcome revealed completely new insights not previously addressed by scholars.</p> <p>This study indicates that agile ways of working positively influence change capacity; at the organizational level, by creating shared understanding and quick results. Additionally, it shows that the organization&rsquo;s sensing capabilities are enhanced at the operational level with scope to further optimize them at the strategic level. The influence of agile ways of working on the firm&rsquo;s seizing capabilities is undeniable, as the organization is able to adapt and respond to changes in a rapid manner like never before. At the individual level, agile ways of working create change readiness and trust. At the same time, some risks are identified at both levels, including backlog of work, stress, and fatigue. The positive effects outweigh the risks significantly, indicating the magnitude of benefits an organization can potentially enjoy by adopting agile ways of working.</p> <p>This thesis provides novel and valuable insights to practitioners regarding the benefits of agile ways of working and how its specific elements can build change capacity. It also highlights the role of top management in the process. This study is especially beneficial to those managers who are considering agile ways of working or have recently implemented it at their firm.</p> 2 2020 0 PubID 36932 14 0 Pub_TypeNumber R06/20 14 1 Pub_Writer Samyuktha Kamath 14 2 Pub_Title The Influence of Agile Ways of Working on Change Capacity. A case study exploring organizational agility in practice 14 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_20.pdf 14 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>In this case study, I explore if and how agile ways of working influence change capacity. In that, I investigate the effects on change capacity at both the organizational and individual level. First, to gain an understanding of the prevalent perspectives and arguments on agile and change capacity, literature was reviewed. Second, qualitative data was collected from a single firm set within the banking industry. The findings from this were then analyzed as &lsquo;actions&rsquo; taken by the firm represented by agile ways of working, and the &lsquo;outcome&rsquo; represented by organizational and individual change capacity. While the actions were synonymous with those described in agile literature, the outcome revealed completely new insights not previously addressed by scholars.</p> <p>This study indicates that agile ways of working positively influence change capacity; at the organizational level, by creating shared understanding and quick results. Additionally, it shows that the organization&rsquo;s sensing capabilities are enhanced at the operational level with scope to further optimize them at the strategic level. The influence of agile ways of working on the firm&rsquo;s seizing capabilities is undeniable, as the organization is able to adapt and respond to changes in a rapid manner like never before. At the individual level, agile ways of working create change readiness and trust. At the same time, some risks are identified at both levels, including backlog of work, stress, and fatigue. The positive effects outweigh the risks significantly, indicating the magnitude of benefits an organization can potentially enjoy by adopting agile ways of working.</p> <p>This thesis provides novel and valuable insights to practitioners regarding the benefits of agile ways of working and how its specific elements can build change capacity. It also highlights the role of top management in the process. This study is especially beneficial to those managers who are considering agile ways of working or have recently implemented it at their firm.</p> 14 5 Pub_Type 2 14 6 Pub_Year 2020 14 7 Pub_OldID 0 14 8 36931 R05/20 Vera Patrizia Schmidt Developing Capacity for Continuous Renewal of the Established Firm /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_20.pdf <p>This thesis explores how innovation units within structurally ambidextrous established firms evolve over time. The case study is performed in the setting of a large Scandinavian media firm; more specifically in the innovation unit tasked with exploring video content for its parent brand newspaper. I further draw on my informants&rsquo; experiences with historical innovation units that emerged from within the newspaper department.</p> <p>I inductively develop a process model that reveals the different structural configurations an exploratory unit traverses as time goes by. I ascertain that the innovation process consists of four distinct, yet interrelated phases: scouting, separating, maturing, and reintegrating. While the main focus of this thesis lies on the exploratory unit, my analysis also reveals several implications for structural ambidexterity on the corporate level. By taking a process approach, my study enriches the currently prevailing static approach and shows that established firms ought to engage in iterative innovation processes to realize the full potential of structural ambidexterity. This enables them to stay innovative and continuously renew themselves.</p> <p>My findings contribute to extant research by offering a process view of how innovation units evolve over time. I propose that the paradox stemming from the innovation division&rsquo;s need to explore new opportunities while simultaneously maintaining previously explored technologies can be handled by becoming contextually ambidextrous. This finding dilutes the lines between the two organizational ambidexterity modes that are presented in traditional literature as distinct. My research further suggests that structural ambidexterity is not a one-time decision, but rather an iterative process.</p> <p>This study also has practical implications for managers tasked with innovation. From the exploratory unit&rsquo;s perspective, managers should see the bigger picture (i.e. their contribution to the focal firm&rsquo;s strategic renewal) and internalize the natural progression of the relationship with the established firm over time. Further, it highlights the necessity to train generalists and create a context that enables employees to handle the emerging exploration-exploitation dilemma. On the corporate level, this study reveals that top managers need to constantly manage several innovation processes to ensure sustained innovativeness. It thus highlights the value of managers who have experience with the innovation process for building the required change capacity. Moreover, it requires managers from the established firm to continuously assess how mature an innovation is and to adapt the organizational structure accordingly. </p> 2 2020 0 PubID 36931 15 0 Pub_TypeNumber R05/20 15 1 Pub_Writer Vera Patrizia Schmidt 15 2 Pub_Title Developing Capacity for Continuous Renewal of the Established Firm 15 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_20.pdf 15 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This thesis explores how innovation units within structurally ambidextrous established firms evolve over time. The case study is performed in the setting of a large Scandinavian media firm; more specifically in the innovation unit tasked with exploring video content for its parent brand newspaper. I further draw on my informants&rsquo; experiences with historical innovation units that emerged from within the newspaper department.</p> <p>I inductively develop a process model that reveals the different structural configurations an exploratory unit traverses as time goes by. I ascertain that the innovation process consists of four distinct, yet interrelated phases: scouting, separating, maturing, and reintegrating. While the main focus of this thesis lies on the exploratory unit, my analysis also reveals several implications for structural ambidexterity on the corporate level. By taking a process approach, my study enriches the currently prevailing static approach and shows that established firms ought to engage in iterative innovation processes to realize the full potential of structural ambidexterity. This enables them to stay innovative and continuously renew themselves.</p> <p>My findings contribute to extant research by offering a process view of how innovation units evolve over time. I propose that the paradox stemming from the innovation division&rsquo;s need to explore new opportunities while simultaneously maintaining previously explored technologies can be handled by becoming contextually ambidextrous. This finding dilutes the lines between the two organizational ambidexterity modes that are presented in traditional literature as distinct. My research further suggests that structural ambidexterity is not a one-time decision, but rather an iterative process.</p> <p>This study also has practical implications for managers tasked with innovation. From the exploratory unit&rsquo;s perspective, managers should see the bigger picture (i.e. their contribution to the focal firm&rsquo;s strategic renewal) and internalize the natural progression of the relationship with the established firm over time. Further, it highlights the necessity to train generalists and create a context that enables employees to handle the emerging exploration-exploitation dilemma. On the corporate level, this study reveals that top managers need to constantly manage several innovation processes to ensure sustained innovativeness. It thus highlights the value of managers who have experience with the innovation process for building the required change capacity. Moreover, it requires managers from the established firm to continuously assess how mature an innovation is and to adapt the organizational structure accordingly. </p> 15 5 Pub_Type 2 15 6 Pub_Year 2020 15 7 Pub_OldID 0 15 8 36930 R03/20 Astrid Sandvik og Aurora Solberg Engen Ledelse av agile team /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_20.pdf 2 2020 0 PubID 36930 16 0 Pub_TypeNumber R03/20 16 1 Pub_Writer Astrid Sandvik og Aurora Solberg Engen 16 2 Pub_Title Ledelse av agile team 16 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_20.pdf 16 4 Pub_AbstractEn 16 5 Pub_Type 2 16 6 Pub_Year 2020 16 7 Pub_OldID 0 16 8 36929 R02/20 Frida Christensen og Frida Gustafsson Når smidige modeller begrenser smidighet. En casestudie om hvilke begrensinger et smidig rammeverk kan legge for agile team i veletablerte selskaper /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_20.pdf 2 2020 0 PubID 36929 17 0 Pub_TypeNumber R02/20 17 1 Pub_Writer Frida Christensen og Frida Gustafsson 17 2 Pub_Title Når smidige modeller begrenser smidighet. En casestudie om hvilke begrensinger et smidig rammeverk kan legge for agile team i veletablerte selskaper 17 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_20.pdf 17 4 Pub_AbstractEn 17 5 Pub_Type 2 17 6 Pub_Year 2020 17 7 Pub_OldID 0 17 8 36928 Int. J. Business and Emerging Markets, 12(4), 405-421 (2020) Igor Makienko and Alexander Jakubanecs Evaluation of foreign products in the context of South-North geographic cues /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 36928 18 0 Pub_TypeNumber Int. J. Business and Emerging Markets, 12(4), 405-421 (2020) 18 1 Pub_Writer Igor Makienko and Alexander Jakubanecs 18 2 Pub_Title Evaluation of foreign products in the context of South-North geographic cues 18 3 Pub_Publication /Files 18 4 Pub_AbstractEn 18 5 Pub_Type 3 18 6 Pub_Year 2020 18 7 Pub_OldID 0 18 8 35933 Beta, 34(2), 183-206 (2020) Ola Lindberg, Daniel Lotsberg og Torstein Nesheim Fra regionale kongedømmer til sentralisert stat? Radikal strukturendring i en digital tid /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35933 19 0 Pub_TypeNumber Beta, 34(2), 183-206 (2020) 19 1 Pub_Writer Ola Lindberg, Daniel Lotsberg og Torstein Nesheim 19 2 Pub_Title Fra regionale kongedømmer til sentralisert stat? Radikal strukturendring i en digital tid 19 3 Pub_Publication /Files 19 4 Pub_AbstractEn 19 5 Pub_Type 3 19 6 Pub_Year 2020 19 7 Pub_OldID 0 19 8 35932 A08/20 Trond Bjørndal, Torben Foss, Gordon R. Munro and Mogens Schou Brexit and Consequences for Quota Sharing in the Barents Sea Cod Fishery /Files/Filer/Publications/A08_20_(2).pdf 1 2020 0 PubID 35932 20 0 Pub_TypeNumber A08/20 20 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal, Torben Foss, Gordon R. Munro and Mogens Schou 20 2 Pub_Title Brexit and Consequences for Quota Sharing in the Barents Sea Cod Fishery 20 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A08_20_(2).pdf 20 4 Pub_AbstractEn 20 5 Pub_Type 1 20 6 Pub_Year 2020 20 7 Pub_OldID 0 20 8 35931 Samfunnsøkonomen, 134(6), 40-50 (2020) Kjetil Bjorvatn, Mathias Ekström, Anne Karen Guro Hadland og Armando G. Pires Planer for gode vaner: Et felteksperiment mot arbeidsledighet /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35931 21 0 Pub_TypeNumber Samfunnsøkonomen, 134(6), 40-50 (2020) 21 1 Pub_Writer Kjetil Bjorvatn, Mathias Ekström, Anne Karen Guro Hadland og Armando G. Pires 21 2 Pub_Title Planer for gode vaner: Et felteksperiment mot arbeidsledighet 21 3 Pub_Publication /Files 21 4 Pub_AbstractEn 21 5 Pub_Type 3 21 6 Pub_Year 2020 21 7 Pub_OldID 0 21 8 35930 Transportation Research Part E (2020) Roar Adland and Vit Prochazka The value of timecharter optionality in the drybulk market /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35930 22 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part E (2020) 22 1 Pub_Writer Roar Adland and Vit Prochazka 22 2 Pub_Title The value of timecharter optionality in the drybulk market 22 3 Pub_Publication /Files 22 4 Pub_AbstractEn 22 5 Pub_Type 3 22 6 Pub_Year 2020 22 7 Pub_OldID 0 22 8 35929 Marine Resource Economics, 36(1) (2020) Xiaozi Liu, Daigee Shaw, Trond Bjørndal and Mikko Heino The Day-to-Day Supply Responses of a Limited-Entry Mixed Fishery /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35929 23 0 Pub_TypeNumber Marine Resource Economics, 36(1) (2020) 23 1 Pub_Writer Xiaozi Liu, Daigee Shaw, Trond Bjørndal and Mikko Heino 23 2 Pub_Title The Day-to-Day Supply Responses of a Limited-Entry Mixed Fishery 23 3 Pub_Publication /Files 23 4 Pub_AbstractEn 23 5 Pub_Type 3 23 6 Pub_Year 2020 23 7 Pub_OldID 0 23 8 35928 Samfunnsøkonomen, nr. 5, 44-61 (2020) Linda Nøstbakken og Simon Flatebø Selle Vil grunnrenteskatt i havbruk hindre videre vekst i næringen? /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_Nøstbakken_SelleFlatebø_Samfunnsøkonomen.pdf 3 2020 0 PubID 35928 24 0 Pub_TypeNumber Samfunnsøkonomen, nr. 5, 44-61 (2020) 24 1 Pub_Writer Linda Nøstbakken og Simon Flatebø Selle 24 2 Pub_Title Vil grunnrenteskatt i havbruk hindre videre vekst i næringen? 24 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_Nøstbakken_SelleFlatebø_Samfunnsøkonomen.pdf 24 4 Pub_AbstractEn 24 5 Pub_Type 3 24 6 Pub_Year 2020 24 7 Pub_OldID 0 24 8 35927 Brexit og framtidig fiskeriforvaltning i Nordsjøen (2020) Trond Bjørndal og Gordon R. Munro I Melchior, A. og Nilssen, F. (red.): Sjømatnæringen og Europa. EØS og alternativene. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget /Files/Filer/Publications/Bokartikkel_Bjørndal_Munro_9_brexit_og_framtidig_fiskeriforvalting_i_nordsjoeen_(1).pdf 3 2020 0 PubID 35927 25 0 Pub_TypeNumber Brexit og framtidig fiskeriforvaltning i Nordsjøen (2020) 25 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal og Gordon R. Munro 25 2 Pub_Title I Melchior, A. og Nilssen, F. (red.): Sjømatnæringen og Europa. EØS og alternativene. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget 25 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Bokartikkel_Bjørndal_Munro_9_brexit_og_framtidig_fiskeriforvalting_i_nordsjoeen_(1).pdf 25 4 Pub_AbstractEn 25 5 Pub_Type 3 25 6 Pub_Year 2020 25 7 Pub_OldID 0 25 8 35923 Magma, nr. 6, 68-76 (2020) Leif E. Hem og Nina M. Iversen Merkelogoen som virkemiddel for å utvikle sterke merker /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35923 26 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 6, 68-76 (2020) 26 1 Pub_Writer Leif E. Hem og Nina M. Iversen 26 2 Pub_Title Merkelogoen som virkemiddel for å utvikle sterke merker 26 3 Pub_Publication /Files 26 4 Pub_AbstractEn 26 5 Pub_Type 3 26 6 Pub_Year 2020 26 7 Pub_OldID 0 26 8 35922 Magma, nr. 6, 73-81 (2020) Njål Sivertstøl, Magne Supphellen, Alexander Jakubanecs og Hege Mathea Haugen Bør norske merkevarer i asiatiske markeder kulturtilpasses? /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel Jakubanecs mfl_Magma_2020.pdf 3 2020 0 PubID 35922 27 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 6, 73-81 (2020) 27 1 Pub_Writer Njål Sivertstøl, Magne Supphellen, Alexander Jakubanecs og Hege Mathea Haugen 27 2 Pub_Title Bør norske merkevarer i asiatiske markeder kulturtilpasses? 27 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel Jakubanecs mfl_Magma_2020.pdf 27 4 Pub_AbstractEn 27 5 Pub_Type 3 27 6 Pub_Year 2020 27 7 Pub_OldID 0 27 8 35921 R04/20 Trond Bjørndal and Amalie Tusvik Economic Analysis of the Contributions of Capture Fisheries and Aquaculture to Future Food Security /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF-R 04_20.pdf <p>There is much concern about future food supply and demand on the basis of expected population growth as well as due to the large number of people still suffering from undernourishment. At the same time there are limits to the potential for expanded production from fisheries, aquaculture and agriculture. What is often overlooked in many studies is the economic impact of changes in supply and demand for example due to changes in food prices, household income and consumer preferences. This analysis takes an economic approach in analysing supply of and demand for food up to 2030, with a particular emphasis on fisheries and aquaculture.</p> 2 2020 0 PubID 35921 28 0 Pub_TypeNumber R04/20 28 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal and Amalie Tusvik 28 2 Pub_Title Economic Analysis of the Contributions of Capture Fisheries and Aquaculture to Future Food Security 28 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF-R 04_20.pdf 28 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>There is much concern about future food supply and demand on the basis of expected population growth as well as due to the large number of people still suffering from undernourishment. At the same time there are limits to the potential for expanded production from fisheries, aquaculture and agriculture. What is often overlooked in many studies is the economic impact of changes in supply and demand for example due to changes in food prices, household income and consumer preferences. This analysis takes an economic approach in analysing supply of and demand for food up to 2030, with a particular emphasis on fisheries and aquaculture.</p> 28 5 Pub_Type 2 28 6 Pub_Year 2020 28 7 Pub_OldID 0 28 8 35920 Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 88, art.nr. 102587 (2020) Suzanne Greene, Haiying Jia and Gabriela Rubio-Domingo Well-to-tank carbon emissions from crude oil maritime transportation /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35920 29 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 88, art.nr. 102587 (2020) 29 1 Pub_Writer Suzanne Greene, Haiying Jia and Gabriela Rubio-Domingo 29 2 Pub_Title Well-to-tank carbon emissions from crude oil maritime transportation 29 3 Pub_Publication /Files 29 4 Pub_AbstractEn 29 5 Pub_Type 3 29 6 Pub_Year 2020 29 7 Pub_OldID 0 29 8 35919 Economica (2020) Charlotte Ringdal and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen Household Bargaining and Spending on Children: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35919 30 0 Pub_TypeNumber Economica (2020) 30 1 Pub_Writer Charlotte Ringdal and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen 30 2 Pub_Title Household Bargaining and Spending on Children: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania 30 3 Pub_Publication /Files 30 4 Pub_AbstractEn 30 5 Pub_Type 3 30 6 Pub_Year 2020 30 7 Pub_OldID 0 30 8 35918 The Energy Journal, 42(4) (2020) Haiying Jia, Roar Adland and Yuchen Wang Global Oil Export Destination Prediction: A Machine Learning Approach /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35918 31 0 Pub_TypeNumber The Energy Journal, 42(4) (2020) 31 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia, Roar Adland and Yuchen Wang 31 2 Pub_Title Global Oil Export Destination Prediction: A Machine Learning Approach 31 3 Pub_Publication /Files 31 4 Pub_AbstractEn 31 5 Pub_Type 3 31 6 Pub_Year 2020 31 7 Pub_OldID 0 31 8 35917 Transportation Research Procedia, 48, 1740-1749 (2020) Haiying Jia, Jasmine Siu Lee Lam and Nguyen Khoi Tran Spatial variation of travel time uncertainty in container shipping /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35917 32 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Procedia, 48, 1740-1749 (2020) 32 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia, Jasmine Siu Lee Lam and Nguyen Khoi Tran 32 2 Pub_Title Spatial variation of travel time uncertainty in container shipping 32 3 Pub_Publication /Files 32 4 Pub_AbstractEn 32 5 Pub_Type 3 32 6 Pub_Year 2020 32 7 Pub_OldID 0 32 8 35916 Open Economies Review (2020) Armando J. Garcia Pires and José Pedro Pontes (De)Industrialization, Technology and Transportation /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35916 33 0 Pub_TypeNumber Open Economies Review (2020) 33 1 Pub_Writer Armando J. Garcia Pires and José Pedro Pontes 33 2 Pub_Title (De)Industrialization, Technology and Transportation 33 3 Pub_Publication /Files 33 4 Pub_AbstractEn 33 5 Pub_Type 3 33 6 Pub_Year 2020 33 7 Pub_OldID 0 33 8 35915 European Journal of Operational Research (2020) Nils-Arne Ekerhovd, Sjur Didrik Flåm and Stein Ivar Steinshamn On Shared Use of Renewable Stocks /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35915 34 0 Pub_TypeNumber European Journal of Operational Research (2020) 34 1 Pub_Writer Nils-Arne Ekerhovd, Sjur Didrik Flåm and Stein Ivar Steinshamn 34 2 Pub_Title On Shared Use of Renewable Stocks 34 3 Pub_Publication /Files 34 4 Pub_AbstractEn 34 5 Pub_Type 3 34 6 Pub_Year 2020 34 7 Pub_OldID 0 34 8 35914 Environmental and Resource Economics (2020) Nils-Arne Ekerhovd and Daniel V. Gordon Profitability, Capacity and Productivity Trends in an Evolving Rights Based Fishery: The Norwegian Purse Seine Fishery /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 35914 35 0 Pub_TypeNumber Environmental and Resource Economics (2020) 35 1 Pub_Writer Nils-Arne Ekerhovd and Daniel V. Gordon 35 2 Pub_Title Profitability, Capacity and Productivity Trends in an Evolving Rights Based Fishery: The Norwegian Purse Seine Fishery 35 3 Pub_Publication /Files 35 4 Pub_AbstractEn 35 5 Pub_Type 3 35 6 Pub_Year 2020 35 7 Pub_OldID 0 35 8 34913 Magma, nr. 4, 90-97 (2020) Monica Rydland Hvorfor lykkes vi (ikke) med endring? /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_MRydland_2020-08-19.pdf 3 2020 0 PubID 34913 36 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 4, 90-97 (2020) 36 1 Pub_Writer Monica Rydland 36 2 Pub_Title Hvorfor lykkes vi (ikke) med endring? 36 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_MRydland_2020-08-19.pdf 36 4 Pub_AbstractEn 36 5 Pub_Type 3 36 6 Pub_Year 2020 36 7 Pub_OldID 0 36 8 34911 Aquaculture Economics & Management (2020) Trond Bjørndal and Amalie Tusvik Economic analysis of on-growing of salmon post-smolts /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34911 37 0 Pub_TypeNumber Aquaculture Economics & Management (2020) 37 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal and Amalie Tusvik 37 2 Pub_Title Economic analysis of on-growing of salmon post-smolts 37 3 Pub_Publication /Files 37 4 Pub_AbstractEn 37 5 Pub_Type 3 37 6 Pub_Year 2020 37 7 Pub_OldID 0 37 8 34910 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 88 (2020) Hallgeir Sjåstad, Roy F. Baumeister and Michael R. Ent Greener grass or sour grapes? How people value future goals after initial failure /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34910 38 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 88 (2020) 38 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad, Roy F. Baumeister and Michael R. Ent 38 2 Pub_Title Greener grass or sour grapes? How people value future goals after initial failure 38 3 Pub_Publication /Files 38 4 Pub_AbstractEn 38 5 Pub_Type 3 38 6 Pub_Year 2020 38 7 Pub_OldID 0 38 8 34909 Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 161, 120-141 (2020) Tania Reynolds, Chuck Howard, Hallgeir Sjåstad, Luke Zhu, Tyler G. Okimoto, Roy F. Baumeister, Karl Aquino and JongHan Kim Man up and take it: Gender bias in moral typecasting /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34909 39 0 Pub_TypeNumber Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 161, 120-141 (2020) 39 1 Pub_Writer Tania Reynolds, Chuck Howard, Hallgeir Sjåstad, Luke Zhu, Tyler G. Okimoto, Roy F. Baumeister, Karl Aquino and JongHan Kim 39 2 Pub_Title Man up and take it: Gender bias in moral typecasting 39 3 Pub_Publication /Files 39 4 Pub_AbstractEn 39 5 Pub_Type 3 39 6 Pub_Year 2020 39 7 Pub_OldID 0 39 8 34908 Computational Management Science, 17, 277-307 (2020) Vit Prochazka and Stein W. Wallace Scenario tree construction driven by heuristic solutions of the optimization problem /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34908 40 0 Pub_TypeNumber Computational Management Science, 17, 277-307 (2020) 40 1 Pub_Writer Vit Prochazka and Stein W. Wallace 40 2 Pub_Title Scenario tree construction driven by heuristic solutions of the optimization problem 40 3 Pub_Publication /Files 40 4 Pub_AbstractEn 40 5 Pub_Type 3 40 6 Pub_Year 2020 40 7 Pub_OldID 0 40 8 34907 A05/20 Øystein Foros, Bjørn Hansen and Thibaud Vergé Product quality investment co-operation and sharing among downstream rivals: An application to mobile telecommunications /Files/Filer/Publications/A05_20.pdf <p>We analyze incentives for cooperation on product quality investments and sharing of quality improvements in a Hotelling duopoly. In the standard set up, an identical increase in quality by both firms does not affect demand, since demand elasticity is unaffected. If product quality investments make demand more inelastic, firms&rsquo; incentives for investments and sharing may be significantly altered. However, if the impact on demand elasticity is not too strong, a ban on cooperation on product quality investments as well as sharing is welfare improving. Our motivation is 5G investments within mobile telecommunications, where cooperation on investments as well as network sharing is a topical issue.</p> 1 2020 0 PubID 34907 41 0 Pub_TypeNumber A05/20 41 1 Pub_Writer Øystein Foros, Bjørn Hansen and Thibaud Vergé 41 2 Pub_Title Product quality investment co-operation and sharing among downstream rivals: An application to mobile telecommunications 41 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A05_20.pdf 41 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>We analyze incentives for cooperation on product quality investments and sharing of quality improvements in a Hotelling duopoly. In the standard set up, an identical increase in quality by both firms does not affect demand, since demand elasticity is unaffected. If product quality investments make demand more inelastic, firms&rsquo; incentives for investments and sharing may be significantly altered. However, if the impact on demand elasticity is not too strong, a ban on cooperation on product quality investments as well as sharing is welfare improving. Our motivation is 5G investments within mobile telecommunications, where cooperation on investments as well as network sharing is a topical issue.</p> 41 5 Pub_Type 1 41 6 Pub_Year 2020 41 7 Pub_OldID 0 41 8 34906 A04/20 Frank Stähler and Leander Stähler Copyright Protection in the Digital Single Market /Files/Filer/Publications/A04_20.pdf <p>This paper scrutinizes the effects of the European Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market on platform competition in media markets. Platforms that are Online Content-Sharing Service Providers must have a license agreement with collective management organizations that control the content platform users may (or must not) upload to the platform. The paper explains the background and its implications, and it shows that the new directive may imply market concentration and an aggregate welfare loss. The reason is that only users of the large platform will be allowed to upload content if the content asset controlled by a collective management organization is sufficiently valuable and if network effects are strong.</p> 1 2020 0 PubID 34906 42 0 Pub_TypeNumber A04/20 42 1 Pub_Writer Frank Stähler and Leander Stähler 42 2 Pub_Title Copyright Protection in the Digital Single Market 42 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A04_20.pdf 42 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This paper scrutinizes the effects of the European Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market on platform competition in media markets. Platforms that are Online Content-Sharing Service Providers must have a license agreement with collective management organizations that control the content platform users may (or must not) upload to the platform. The paper explains the background and its implications, and it shows that the new directive may imply market concentration and an aggregate welfare loss. The reason is that only users of the large platform will be allowed to upload content if the content asset controlled by a collective management organization is sufficiently valuable and if network effects are strong.</p> 42 5 Pub_Type 1 42 6 Pub_Year 2020 42 7 Pub_OldID 0 42 8 34905 Self and Identity (2020) Hallgeir Sjåstad, Ming Zhang, Andreas Espegren Masvie and Roy Baumeister Social exclusion reduces happiness by creating expectations of future rejection /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34905 43 0 Pub_TypeNumber Self and Identity (2020) 43 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad, Ming Zhang, Andreas Espegren Masvie and Roy Baumeister 43 2 Pub_Title Social exclusion reduces happiness by creating expectations of future rejection 43 3 Pub_Publication /Files 43 4 Pub_AbstractEn 43 5 Pub_Type 3 43 6 Pub_Year 2020 43 7 Pub_OldID 0 43 8 34904 Social Psychological and Personality Science (2020) Andrew J. Vonasch and Hallgeir Sjåstad Future-Orientation (as Trait and State) Promotes Reputation-Protective Choice in Moral Dilemmas /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34904 44 0 Pub_TypeNumber Social Psychological and Personality Science (2020) 44 1 Pub_Writer Andrew J. Vonasch and Hallgeir Sjåstad 44 2 Pub_Title Future-Orientation (as Trait and State) Promotes Reputation-Protective Choice in Moral Dilemmas 44 3 Pub_Publication /Files 44 4 Pub_AbstractEn 44 5 Pub_Type 3 44 6 Pub_Year 2020 44 7 Pub_OldID 0 44 8 34903 A03/20 Trond Bjørndal and Gordon R. Munro Brexit and the Consequences for Fisheries Management in the North Sea /Files/Filer/Publications/A03_20_(2).pdf <p>Since the introduction of the 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) regime, the North Sea coastal states have cooperated in the management of shared stocks. Norway and the EU reached a cooperative management agreement for five such stocks in 1980. This includes the annual setting of total allowable catch quotas (TACs), while quota sharing has remained unchanged. With Brexit there will be three parties, and a new agreement will be required. The UK zone is important not only for British fishermen, but also for Norway and UK27, which may give rise to challenging negotiations. Nevertheless, this must be viewed in a larger context, as a new trade agreement could be very important also for a fisheries agreement. In this analysis, three scenarios are considered: I the status quo, essentially included as a point of reference, II a new agreement involving Norway, the UK and the EU27, and III no agreement between the UK and the EU EEZ, which would have serious consequences also for Norway.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2020 0 PubID 34903 45 0 Pub_TypeNumber A03/20 45 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal and Gordon R. Munro 45 2 Pub_Title Brexit and the Consequences for Fisheries Management in the North Sea 45 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A03_20_(2).pdf 45 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Since the introduction of the 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) regime, the North Sea coastal states have cooperated in the management of shared stocks. Norway and the EU reached a cooperative management agreement for five such stocks in 1980. This includes the annual setting of total allowable catch quotas (TACs), while quota sharing has remained unchanged. With Brexit there will be three parties, and a new agreement will be required. The UK zone is important not only for British fishermen, but also for Norway and UK27, which may give rise to challenging negotiations. Nevertheless, this must be viewed in a larger context, as a new trade agreement could be very important also for a fisheries agreement. In this analysis, three scenarios are considered: I the status quo, essentially included as a point of reference, II a new agreement involving Norway, the UK and the EU27, and III no agreement between the UK and the EU EEZ, which would have serious consequences also for Norway.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 45 5 Pub_Type 1 45 6 Pub_Year 2020 45 7 Pub_OldID 0 45 8 34902 ABACUS (2020) Martin Carlsson-Wall, Katarina Kaarbøe, Kalle Kraus, and Anita Meidell Risk Management as Passionate Imitation: The Interconnections Among Emotions, Performance Metrics, and Risk in a Global Technology Firm /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34902 46 0 Pub_TypeNumber ABACUS (2020) 46 1 Pub_Writer Martin Carlsson-Wall, Katarina Kaarbøe, Kalle Kraus, and Anita Meidell 46 2 Pub_Title Risk Management as Passionate Imitation: The Interconnections Among Emotions, Performance Metrics, and Risk in a Global Technology Firm 46 3 Pub_Publication /Files 46 4 Pub_AbstractEn 46 5 Pub_Type 3 46 6 Pub_Year 2020 46 7 Pub_OldID 0 46 8 34900 Beta, 34(1), 43-67 (2020) Silje Rydland Skaar Someone to Lean On: First-Line Managers' Change Agency Across Distance /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34900 47 0 Pub_TypeNumber Beta, 34(1), 43-67 (2020) 47 1 Pub_Writer Silje Rydland Skaar 47 2 Pub_Title Someone to Lean On: First-Line Managers' Change Agency Across Distance 47 3 Pub_Publication /Files 47 4 Pub_AbstractEn 47 5 Pub_Type 3 47 6 Pub_Year 2020 47 7 Pub_OldID 0 47 8 34898 Beta, 34(1), 5-22 (2020) Monica Rydland Middle Managers' Role During Strategic Change: One Size Does Not Fit All /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34898 48 0 Pub_TypeNumber Beta, 34(1), 5-22 (2020) 48 1 Pub_Writer Monica Rydland 48 2 Pub_Title Middle Managers' Role During Strategic Change: One Size Does Not Fit All 48 3 Pub_Publication /Files 48 4 Pub_AbstractEn 48 5 Pub_Type 3 48 6 Pub_Year 2020 48 7 Pub_OldID 0 48 8 34897 A17/15 Florian K. Diekert, Linda Nøstbakken, Andries P. Richter and Frode Skjeret Risk and Risk Exposure in Norwegian Fisheries /Files/Filer/Publications/A17_15.pdf <p>Fishing is a risky occupation and fishers strive to minimize variance as well as maximize mean profits. In this paper, we present a near complete set of landing tickets between 2004 and 2013 and analyze it to study diversification trends in Norwegian fisheries for different fleets or regulatory types. We find no signs for different trends in diversification as a risk-mitigating strategy across different fleets or regulatory types. Moreover, develop a model of risk exposure by utilizing trip-level landings data to better understand what characterizes the risk exposure of Norwegian fishing vessels.</p> 1 2015 0 PubID 34897 49 0 Pub_TypeNumber A17/15 49 1 Pub_Writer Florian K. Diekert, Linda Nøstbakken, Andries P. Richter and Frode Skjeret 49 2 Pub_Title Risk and Risk Exposure in Norwegian Fisheries 49 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A17_15.pdf 49 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Fishing is a risky occupation and fishers strive to minimize variance as well as maximize mean profits. In this paper, we present a near complete set of landing tickets between 2004 and 2013 and analyze it to study diversification trends in Norwegian fisheries for different fleets or regulatory types. We find no signs for different trends in diversification as a risk-mitigating strategy across different fleets or regulatory types. Moreover, develop a model of risk exposure by utilizing trip-level landings data to better understand what characterizes the risk exposure of Norwegian fishing vessels.</p> 49 5 Pub_Type 1 49 6 Pub_Year 2015 49 7 Pub_OldID 0 49 8