Siste publikasjoner

22751 R03/17 Andreas Lie Hauge and Dan-Richard Knudsen Organizational Purpose in Management Control Systems /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_17.pdf <p>The aim of this thesis is to contribute with new insights on the concept of organizational purpose, by answering the following main research question:</p> <p>How does purpose influence the MCS in purpose-driven organizations?</p> <p>There has been a tremendous increase in the general interest of organizational purpose over the course of the last decade. However, there is still a significant lack of scholarly research conducted on the concept. In this thesis, we seek to gain an enhanced understanding of what organizational purpose is, how it may be operationalized in organizations&rsquo; management control systems (MCS), and the potential implications for employees. We seek to understand what organizational purpose is by reviewing the existing management literature on organizational purpose. Furthermore, we conduct a comparative analysis of how the concept is operationalized in the MCS of two Norwegian purpose-driven organizations. The analysis is based on qualitative data gathered from interviewing employees in these organizations.</p> <p>In answering our main research question, we find that there are three important aspects in which organizations with a desire to become purpose-driven need to consider. First, we find that operationalizing purpose in an organization&rsquo;s MCS is a laborious process. This implies that perseverance is a key factor. Second, our results suggest that organizational purpose must be operationalized in ways that are tangible for employees. The purpose should be articulated as an explicit statement, and should be operationalized in the MCS in ways that are understandable to employees. Third, we find that organizational purpose has the ability to spur organizational commitment and employee engagement. Potential consequences for organizations may be reduced turnover, higher level of innovation, and enhanced employee performance. However, our findings suggest that organizations may face a challenge in making employees&rsquo; commitment to the purpose cascade from upper management down to lower hierarchical levels.</p> 2 2017 0 PubID 22751 0 0 Pub_TypeNumber R03/17 0 1 Pub_Writer Andreas Lie Hauge and Dan-Richard Knudsen 0 2 Pub_Title Organizational Purpose in Management Control Systems 0 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_17.pdf 0 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>The aim of this thesis is to contribute with new insights on the concept of organizational purpose, by answering the following main research question:</p> <p>How does purpose influence the MCS in purpose-driven organizations?</p> <p>There has been a tremendous increase in the general interest of organizational purpose over the course of the last decade. However, there is still a significant lack of scholarly research conducted on the concept. In this thesis, we seek to gain an enhanced understanding of what organizational purpose is, how it may be operationalized in organizations&rsquo; management control systems (MCS), and the potential implications for employees. We seek to understand what organizational purpose is by reviewing the existing management literature on organizational purpose. Furthermore, we conduct a comparative analysis of how the concept is operationalized in the MCS of two Norwegian purpose-driven organizations. The analysis is based on qualitative data gathered from interviewing employees in these organizations.</p> <p>In answering our main research question, we find that there are three important aspects in which organizations with a desire to become purpose-driven need to consider. First, we find that operationalizing purpose in an organization&rsquo;s MCS is a laborious process. This implies that perseverance is a key factor. Second, our results suggest that organizational purpose must be operationalized in ways that are tangible for employees. The purpose should be articulated as an explicit statement, and should be operationalized in the MCS in ways that are understandable to employees. Third, we find that organizational purpose has the ability to spur organizational commitment and employee engagement. Potential consequences for organizations may be reduced turnover, higher level of innovation, and enhanced employee performance. However, our findings suggest that organizations may face a challenge in making employees&rsquo; commitment to the purpose cascade from upper management down to lower hierarchical levels.</p> 0 5 Pub_Type 2 0 6 Pub_Year 2017 0 7 Pub_OldID 0 0 8 22750 Nordiske Organisasjonsstudier, 19(1), 24-50 Leif Jarle Gressgård, Kåre Hansen og Torstein Nesheim Inter- og intraorganisatorisk samordning: Lærdommer fra strategien "Bolig for velferd" /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 22750 1 0 Pub_TypeNumber Nordiske Organisasjonsstudier, 19(1), 24-50 1 1 Pub_Writer Leif Jarle Gressgård, Kåre Hansen og Torstein Nesheim 1 2 Pub_Title Inter- og intraorganisatorisk samordning: Lærdommer fra strategien "Bolig for velferd" 1 3 Pub_Publication /Files 1 4 Pub_AbstractEn 1 5 Pub_Type 3 1 6 Pub_Year 2017 1 7 Pub_OldID 0 1 8 22749 Søkelys på arbeidslivet, 3/2017, 199-215 Liv Helene Roverud, Tor Kristian Kjølvik, Torstein Nesheim og Kristin Jesnes Mellomledd i oppdragsmarkedet /Files/Filer/Publications/mellomledd_i_oppdragsmarkedet.pdf 3 2017 0 PubID 22749 2 0 Pub_TypeNumber Søkelys på arbeidslivet, 3/2017, 199-215 2 1 Pub_Writer Liv Helene Roverud, Tor Kristian Kjølvik, Torstein Nesheim og Kristin Jesnes 2 2 Pub_Title Mellomledd i oppdragsmarkedet 2 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/mellomledd_i_oppdragsmarkedet.pdf 2 4 Pub_AbstractEn 2 5 Pub_Type 3 2 6 Pub_Year 2017 2 7 Pub_OldID 0 2 8 22748 Maritime Policy & Management (2017) Haiying Jia, Ove Daae Lampe, Veronika Solteszova and Siri P. Strandenes Norwegian port connectivity and its policy implications (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03088839.2017.1366080) /Files/Filer/Publications/2017 Norwegian port connectivity and its policy implications.pdf 3 2017 0 PubID 22748 3 0 Pub_TypeNumber Maritime Policy & Management (2017) 3 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia, Ove Daae Lampe, Veronika Solteszova and Siri P. Strandenes 3 2 Pub_Title Norwegian port connectivity and its policy implications (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03088839.2017.1366080) 3 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/2017 Norwegian port connectivity and its policy implications.pdf 3 4 Pub_AbstractEn 3 5 Pub_Type 3 3 6 Pub_Year 2017 3 7 Pub_OldID 0 3 8 22746 A09/17 Sigve Aarflot and Lars Arnegård The Effect of Industrial Diversification on Banks’ Performance. A case study of the Norwegian banking market /Files/Filer/Publications/A09_17.pdf <p>By attracting deposits from savers and offering financing to borrowers, banks play an important role in the economy. Which strategic approach banks ought to pursue for optimizing performance and hence contribute to financial stability is a fundamental question in this context. In this report, we attempt to answer one aspect of this question by estimating the effect of industrial diversification on bank performance using annual data from 112 banks in Norway over the period 2004-2013. Employing several measures of portfolio diversification, we first estimate the average effect of diversification on bank performance. Then, we investigate whether the effect of diversification on performance is dependent on the underlying bank risk. Our findings suggest that increased diversification improves performance for banks in Norway. Moreover, we find that the effect of diversification is in fact dependent on bank risk. Increased diversification seems to be the superior strategy in low- and high risk scenarios, while a more concentrated portfolio should be preferred at moderate risk levels. However, similar studies done in other developed countries find evidence that differs from our results. We address these contrasting results by arguing that differences in country-specific factors such as market structure and risk should be considered in order to make meaningful comparisons.</p> 1 2017 0 PubID 22746 4 0 Pub_TypeNumber A09/17 4 1 Pub_Writer Sigve Aarflot and Lars Arnegård 4 2 Pub_Title The Effect of Industrial Diversification on Banks’ Performance. A case study of the Norwegian banking market 4 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A09_17.pdf 4 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>By attracting deposits from savers and offering financing to borrowers, banks play an important role in the economy. Which strategic approach banks ought to pursue for optimizing performance and hence contribute to financial stability is a fundamental question in this context. In this report, we attempt to answer one aspect of this question by estimating the effect of industrial diversification on bank performance using annual data from 112 banks in Norway over the period 2004-2013. Employing several measures of portfolio diversification, we first estimate the average effect of diversification on bank performance. Then, we investigate whether the effect of diversification on performance is dependent on the underlying bank risk. Our findings suggest that increased diversification improves performance for banks in Norway. Moreover, we find that the effect of diversification is in fact dependent on bank risk. Increased diversification seems to be the superior strategy in low- and high risk scenarios, while a more concentrated portfolio should be preferred at moderate risk levels. However, similar studies done in other developed countries find evidence that differs from our results. We address these contrasting results by arguing that differences in country-specific factors such as market structure and risk should be considered in order to make meaningful comparisons.</p> 4 5 Pub_Type 1 4 6 Pub_Year 2017 4 7 Pub_OldID 0 4 8 22745 R02/17 Nina M. Iversen, Leif E. Hem, Alexander Jakubanecs, Eivind Farstad og Ove Langeland Delings- og formidlingsøkonomi: Muligheter og utfordringer /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF-R 02_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 22745 5 0 Pub_TypeNumber R02/17 5 1 Pub_Writer Nina M. Iversen, Leif E. Hem, Alexander Jakubanecs, Eivind Farstad og Ove Langeland 5 2 Pub_Title Delings- og formidlingsøkonomi: Muligheter og utfordringer 5 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF-R 02_17.pdf 5 4 Pub_AbstractEn 5 5 Pub_Type 2 5 6 Pub_Year 2017 5 7 Pub_OldID 0 5 8 22744 R11/16 Endre Bjørndal and Mette Bjørndal Evaluation of the StoNED Method for Benchmarking and Regulation of Norwegian Electricity Distribution Companies /Files/Filer/Publications/R_1116.pdf <p>We evaluate the StoNED methodology for benchmarking and regulation of network companies, and we compare StoNED to the two-stage DEA method currently used by the Norwegian regulator. We find that the estimated values for the skewness parameter in the second stage of the StoNED procedure can be inconsistent with the assumed positive skewness for the inefficiency term. Setting the skewness parameter to an arbitrary value can have significant consequences for the efficiency levels. This effect is partly neutralized by the revenue calibration performed by the NVE, depending on how the calibration is implemented. Our comparison of results from StoNED and two-stage DEA show that the efficiency scores from the two methods are highly correlated, but that the levels can differ significantly. We also interpret the StoNED coefficient estimates and compare them to the corresponding (dual) DEA estimates. Finally, we illustrate the robustness of the efficiency estimates to noise in data, as exemplified by noisy pension costs.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2 2016 0 PubID 22744 6 0 Pub_TypeNumber R11/16 6 1 Pub_Writer Endre Bjørndal and Mette Bjørndal 6 2 Pub_Title Evaluation of the StoNED Method for Benchmarking and Regulation of Norwegian Electricity Distribution Companies 6 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R_1116.pdf 6 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>We evaluate the StoNED methodology for benchmarking and regulation of network companies, and we compare StoNED to the two-stage DEA method currently used by the Norwegian regulator. We find that the estimated values for the skewness parameter in the second stage of the StoNED procedure can be inconsistent with the assumed positive skewness for the inefficiency term. Setting the skewness parameter to an arbitrary value can have significant consequences for the efficiency levels. This effect is partly neutralized by the revenue calibration performed by the NVE, depending on how the calibration is implemented. Our comparison of results from StoNED and two-stage DEA show that the efficiency scores from the two methods are highly correlated, but that the levels can differ significantly. We also interpret the StoNED coefficient estimates and compare them to the corresponding (dual) DEA estimates. Finally, we illustrate the robustness of the efficiency estimates to noise in data, as exemplified by noisy pension costs.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 6 5 Pub_Type 2 6 6 Pub_Year 2016 6 7 Pub_OldID 0 6 8 22743 A07/17 Torstein Nesheim Tilknytningsformer for arbeid: Virksomhetsstudien /Files/Filer/Publications/A07_17.pdf 1 2017 0 PubID 22743 7 0 Pub_TypeNumber A07/17 7 1 Pub_Writer Torstein Nesheim 7 2 Pub_Title Tilknytningsformer for arbeid: Virksomhetsstudien 7 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A07_17.pdf 7 4 Pub_AbstractEn 7 5 Pub_Type 1 7 6 Pub_Year 2017 7 7 Pub_OldID 0 7 8 22742 A06/17 Øystein Foros and Hans Jarle Kind Upstream Partnerships among Competitors when Size Matters /Files/Filer/Publications/A06_17.pdf <p>In several industries, downstream competitors form upstream partnerships. An important rationale is that higher aggregate upstream volume might generate efficiencies that reduce both fixed and marginal costs. Our focus is on the latter. We show that if upstream marginal costs are decreasing in sales volume, then a partnership between downstream rivals will make them less aggressive. However, a partnership might nonetheless induce both partners and non-partners to charge lower prices. We also show that it might be better for two firms to form a partnership and compete downstream than to merge. Somewhat paradoxically, this is true if they compete fiercely in the downstream market with a third firm. The reason is that a merger is de facto a commitment to set higher prices. Under aggressive competition from the third firm, the members will not want to make such a commitment when upstream marginal costs are decreasing in output.</p> 1 2017 0 PubID 22742 8 0 Pub_TypeNumber A06/17 8 1 Pub_Writer Øystein Foros and Hans Jarle Kind 8 2 Pub_Title Upstream Partnerships among Competitors when Size Matters 8 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A06_17.pdf 8 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>In several industries, downstream competitors form upstream partnerships. An important rationale is that higher aggregate upstream volume might generate efficiencies that reduce both fixed and marginal costs. Our focus is on the latter. We show that if upstream marginal costs are decreasing in sales volume, then a partnership between downstream rivals will make them less aggressive. However, a partnership might nonetheless induce both partners and non-partners to charge lower prices. We also show that it might be better for two firms to form a partnership and compete downstream than to merge. Somewhat paradoxically, this is true if they compete fiercely in the downstream market with a third firm. The reason is that a merger is de facto a commitment to set higher prices. Under aggressive competition from the third firm, the members will not want to make such a commitment when upstream marginal costs are decreasing in output.</p> 8 5 Pub_Type 1 8 6 Pub_Year 2017 8 7 Pub_OldID 0 8 8 22741 A05/17 Hanna Skjervheim Bernes, Isabel Marie Flo, Øystein Foros and Hans Jarle Kind Raising rivals’ costs or improving efficiency? An exploratory study of managers’ views on backward integration in the grocery market /Files/Filer/Publications/A05_17.pdf <p>Large retail grocery chains&rsquo; backward integration into distribution, procurement and production is controversial, and has received a lot of attention by both policymakers and market players. If a large retail chain for instance takes over scale intensive distribution activities from its suppliers, direct distribution from these suppliers to other retail chains might become more expensive (and might even initiate costly industry‐wide backward integration). An interesting question is thus whether large retailers undertake backward integration mainly for efficiency reasons or whether they do so in order to gain a competitive advantage through raising the costs of the smaller rivals. Theory and econometric analyses are inconclusive. The current study uses a survey to investigate managers&rsquo; views on this issue. The study is explorative, and thus does not formally test different theories, but our findings indicate that large retail chains&rsquo; incentives to backward integrate are mainly related to efficiency rationales.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2017 0 PubID 22741 9 0 Pub_TypeNumber A05/17 9 1 Pub_Writer Hanna Skjervheim Bernes, Isabel Marie Flo, Øystein Foros and Hans Jarle Kind 9 2 Pub_Title Raising rivals’ costs or improving efficiency? An exploratory study of managers’ views on backward integration in the grocery market 9 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A05_17.pdf 9 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Large retail grocery chains&rsquo; backward integration into distribution, procurement and production is controversial, and has received a lot of attention by both policymakers and market players. If a large retail chain for instance takes over scale intensive distribution activities from its suppliers, direct distribution from these suppliers to other retail chains might become more expensive (and might even initiate costly industry‐wide backward integration). An interesting question is thus whether large retailers undertake backward integration mainly for efficiency reasons or whether they do so in order to gain a competitive advantage through raising the costs of the smaller rivals. Theory and econometric analyses are inconclusive. The current study uses a survey to investigate managers&rsquo; views on this issue. The study is explorative, and thus does not formally test different theories, but our findings indicate that large retail chains&rsquo; incentives to backward integrate are mainly related to efficiency rationales.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 9 5 Pub_Type 1 9 6 Pub_Year 2017 9 7 Pub_OldID 0 9 8 22740 A04/17 Øystein Foros, Hans Jarle Kind og Frode Steen Individuelle priser i dagligvaremarkedet – et fangens dilemma for kjedene? /Files/Filer/Publications/A04_17.pdf 1 2017 0 PubID 22740 10 0 Pub_TypeNumber A04/17 10 1 Pub_Writer Øystein Foros, Hans Jarle Kind og Frode Steen 10 2 Pub_Title Individuelle priser i dagligvaremarkedet – et fangens dilemma for kjedene? 10 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A04_17.pdf 10 4 Pub_AbstractEn 10 5 Pub_Type 1 10 6 Pub_Year 2017 10 7 Pub_OldID 0 10 8 22739 Økonomisk fiskeriforskning, 27 (1/2017) Bjørndal, M. T.; Bjørndal, T. og Ekerhovd, N.-A. Økonomisk analyse av klippfisknæringa /Files/Filer/Publications/Økonomisk-analyse-av-klippfisknæringa_(1).pdf 3 2017 0 PubID 22739 11 0 Pub_TypeNumber Økonomisk fiskeriforskning, 27 (1/2017) 11 1 Pub_Writer Bjørndal, M. T.; Bjørndal, T. og Ekerhovd, N.-A. 11 2 Pub_Title Økonomisk analyse av klippfisknæringa 11 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Økonomisk-analyse-av-klippfisknæringa_(1).pdf 11 4 Pub_AbstractEn 11 5 Pub_Type 3 11 6 Pub_Year 2017 11 7 Pub_OldID 0 11 8 22735 Bok Torstein Nesheim og Inger Stensaker (red.), Fagbokforlaget, 2017 Fokus på fremtidens foretaksløsninger /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 22735 12 0 Pub_TypeNumber Bok 12 1 Pub_Writer Torstein Nesheim og Inger Stensaker (red.), Fagbokforlaget, 2017 12 2 Pub_Title Fokus på fremtidens foretaksløsninger 12 3 Pub_Publication /Files 12 4 Pub_AbstractEn 12 5 Pub_Type 3 12 6 Pub_Year 2017 12 7 Pub_OldID 0 12 8 22734 Samfunnsøkonomen, 3/2017, 46-51 Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Ekström, Mathias og Garcia Pires, Armando José Små dytt for store valg: Kan nudging gi bedre oppmøte til lærerstudiet? /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 22734 13 0 Pub_TypeNumber Samfunnsøkonomen, 3/2017, 46-51 13 1 Pub_Writer Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Ekström, Mathias og Garcia Pires, Armando José 13 2 Pub_Title Små dytt for store valg: Kan nudging gi bedre oppmøte til lærerstudiet? 13 3 Pub_Publication /Files 13 4 Pub_AbstractEn 13 5 Pub_Type 3 13 6 Pub_Year 2017 13 7 Pub_OldID 0 13 8 22733 R01/17 Stig-Erik Jakobsen, Pelle Engesæter, Olav Kvitastein, Natalia Mæhle, Torstein Nesheim og Jarle Aarstad Midtveisevaluering av Sivas Inkubatorprogram og Næringshageprogram /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 22733 14 0 Pub_TypeNumber R01/17 14 1 Pub_Writer Stig-Erik Jakobsen, Pelle Engesæter, Olav Kvitastein, Natalia Mæhle, Torstein Nesheim og Jarle Aarstad 14 2 Pub_Title Midtveisevaluering av Sivas Inkubatorprogram og Næringshageprogram 14 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_17.pdf 14 4 Pub_AbstractEn 14 5 Pub_Type 2 14 6 Pub_Year 2017 14 7 Pub_OldID 0 14 8 21735 eBok Einar Hope Studier i konkurranse- og energipolitikk. Utvalgte skrifter i samling, 2004 - 2016 /Files/Filer/Publications/Studier i konkurranse- og energipolitikk_eBok_Einar_Hope_(2).pdf 1 2017 0 PubID 21735 15 0 Pub_TypeNumber eBok 15 1 Pub_Writer Einar Hope 15 2 Pub_Title Studier i konkurranse- og energipolitikk. Utvalgte skrifter i samling, 2004 - 2016 15 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Studier i konkurranse- og energipolitikk_eBok_Einar_Hope_(2).pdf 15 4 Pub_AbstractEn 15 5 Pub_Type 1 15 6 Pub_Year 2017 15 7 Pub_OldID 0 15 8 21732 Maritime Economics and Logistics (2017) Adland, R. and Jia, H. Physical basis risk in freight market hedging (http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41278-016-0053-5) /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 21732 16 0 Pub_TypeNumber Maritime Economics and Logistics (2017) 16 1 Pub_Writer Adland, R. and Jia, H. 16 2 Pub_Title Physical basis risk in freight market hedging (http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41278-016-0053-5) 16 3 Pub_Publication /Files 16 4 Pub_AbstractEn 16 5 Pub_Type 3 16 6 Pub_Year 2017 16 7 Pub_OldID 0 16 8 21731 Magma, 2/2017, 14-26 Nesheim, T.; Rathke, C. og Smith Nygaard, L. Fleksibel organisering i mediebedrifter /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 21731 17 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, 2/2017, 14-26 17 1 Pub_Writer Nesheim, T.; Rathke, C. og Smith Nygaard, L. 17 2 Pub_Title Fleksibel organisering i mediebedrifter 17 3 Pub_Publication /Files 17 4 Pub_AbstractEn 17 5 Pub_Type 3 17 6 Pub_Year 2017 17 7 Pub_OldID 0 17 8 21730 A02/17 Kjetil Bjorvatn, Mathias Ekström og Armando J. G. Pires Små dytt for store valg: Rapport fra et forskningsprosjekt om nudging for økt rekruttering til lærerutdanningen /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF A02_17.pdf 1 2017 0 PubID 21730 18 0 Pub_TypeNumber A02/17 18 1 Pub_Writer Kjetil Bjorvatn, Mathias Ekström og Armando J. G. Pires 18 2 Pub_Title Små dytt for store valg: Rapport fra et forskningsprosjekt om nudging for økt rekruttering til lærerutdanningen 18 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF A02_17.pdf 18 4 Pub_AbstractEn 18 5 Pub_Type 1 18 6 Pub_Year 2017 18 7 Pub_OldID 0 18 8 21729 Applied Economics (2017) Bjørndal, T. and Guillen, J. Market integration between wild and farmed seabream and seabass in Spain (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2017.1287856) /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 21729 19 0 Pub_TypeNumber Applied Economics (2017) 19 1 Pub_Writer Bjørndal, T. and Guillen, J. 19 2 Pub_Title Market integration between wild and farmed seabream and seabass in Spain (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2017.1287856) 19 3 Pub_Publication /Files 19 4 Pub_AbstractEn 19 5 Pub_Type 3 19 6 Pub_Year 2017 19 7 Pub_OldID 0 19 8 21728 Ecological Economics, 131 (2017), 250-261 Ekerhovd, N.-A. and Kvamsdal, S.F. Up the ante on bioeconomic submodels of marine food webs: A data assimilation-based approach /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 21728 20 0 Pub_TypeNumber Ecological Economics, 131 (2017), 250-261 20 1 Pub_Writer Ekerhovd, N.-A. and Kvamsdal, S.F. 20 2 Pub_Title Up the ante on bioeconomic submodels of marine food webs: A data assimilation-based approach 20 3 Pub_Publication /Files 20 4 Pub_AbstractEn 20 5 Pub_Type 3 20 6 Pub_Year 2017 20 7 Pub_OldID 0 20 8 21727 Transportation Research Part A, 95 (2017), 1-12 Adland, R.O., Alger, H., Banyte, J. and Jia, H. Does fuel efficiency pay? Empirical evidence from the drybulk timecharter market revisited /Files 3 2000 0 PubID 21727 21 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part A, 95 (2017), 1-12 21 1 Pub_Writer Adland, R.O., Alger, H., Banyte, J. and Jia, H. 21 2 Pub_Title Does fuel efficiency pay? Empirical evidence from the drybulk timecharter market revisited 21 3 Pub_Publication /Files 21 4 Pub_AbstractEn 21 5 Pub_Type 3 21 6 Pub_Year 2000 21 7 Pub_OldID 0 21 8 21725 R01/16 Ivar Gaasland og Tommy Staahl Gabrielsen Bruk av markeder og konkurranse i omsetning av matvarer – utfordringer og muligheter /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_16_(1).pdf 2 2016 0 PubID 21725 22 0 Pub_TypeNumber R01/16 22 1 Pub_Writer Ivar Gaasland og Tommy Staahl Gabrielsen 22 2 Pub_Title Bruk av markeder og konkurranse i omsetning av matvarer – utfordringer og muligheter 22 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_16_(1).pdf 22 4 Pub_AbstractEn 22 5 Pub_Type 2 22 6 Pub_Year 2016 22 7 Pub_OldID 0 22 8 21724 Employee Relations, Vol. 39 (2017), No. 2, 240-253 Nesheim, T., Olsen, K.M. and Sandvik, A.M. Never walk alone: achieving work performance through networking ability and autonomy /Files <p>Employee Relations, Vol. 39 (2017), No. 2, 240-253</p> 3 2017 0 PubID 21724 23 0 Pub_TypeNumber Employee Relations, Vol. 39 (2017), No. 2, 240-253 23 1 Pub_Writer Nesheim, T., Olsen, K.M. and Sandvik, A.M. 23 2 Pub_Title Never walk alone: achieving work performance through networking ability and autonomy 23 3 Pub_Publication /Files 23 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Employee Relations, Vol. 39 (2017), No. 2, 240-253</p> 23 5 Pub_Type 3 23 6 Pub_Year 2017 23 7 Pub_OldID 0 23 8 21723 R06/16 Lars Kleveland og Anniken Tiset Budsjettet i utvikling. En kvantitativ studie av norske virksomheters bruk og holdning til budsjettet /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_16_(1).pdf 2 2016 0 PubID 21723 24 0 Pub_TypeNumber R06/16 24 1 Pub_Writer Lars Kleveland og Anniken Tiset 24 2 Pub_Title Budsjettet i utvikling. En kvantitativ studie av norske virksomheters bruk og holdning til budsjettet 24 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_16_(1).pdf 24 4 Pub_AbstractEn 24 5 Pub_Type 2 24 6 Pub_Year 2016 24 7 Pub_OldID 0 24 8 21722 R10/16 Martin O. Gooderham and Oskar Jensen Skulberg Contradictory Formalisations in a Management Control System /Files/Filer/Publications/R_1016.pdf <p>The formalisations that exist in an organisation are thought to have a substantial influence on how employees interpret the organisation&rsquo;s Management Control System (MCS) (Malmi &amp; Brown, 2008). Previously, researchers claimed that an increase in formalisation would have a negative attitudinal effect on employees, while a decrease induces an autonomous and positive view of the MCS (Burns &amp; Stalker, 1969). Adler &amp; Borys (1996) broke with this notion and argued that it is not the degree of formalisation that determines employee interpretation, but rather the distinctive features of the way rules and procedures are designed and implemented. The purpose of this study is to explore how the introduction of two contradictory formalisations influences the users&rsquo; interpretation of the MCS in an organisation.<br />This thesis conducts a case study of Statoil who have recently introduced two contradictory degrees of formalisations to their MCS. One is a decrease where the aim has been to give employees more freedom to decide what rules and regulations should be defining for them. The other represents an increase through the introduction of a detailed procedure for risk management. By applying a qualitative research methodology, we study how employees have interpreted corporate&rsquo;s intentions behind the two formalisations. Further, we compare how this has influenced their experience of the MCS in the different cases. <br />Overall, our conclusions support the argument made by Adler &amp; Borys (1996) through revealing that how the increased and decreased formalisations in Statoil have been interpreted has been a consequence of their inherent features. We find that corporate have designed and implemented enabling formalisations that have had a positive attitudinal influence on the users. Further, our study suggests that generating an understanding of the underlying rationales behind the formalisations is of particular importance in this process. Finally, we also find that the contradictory degrees of formalisation have induced different interpretations of support roles in the MCS. Where they are regarded as an interference to decision-making latitude in the case of decreased formalisations, support roles are viewed as a positive feature in the case of the opposite.</p> 2 2016 0 PubID 21722 25 0 Pub_TypeNumber R10/16 25 1 Pub_Writer Martin O. Gooderham and Oskar Jensen Skulberg 25 2 Pub_Title Contradictory Formalisations in a Management Control System 25 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R_1016.pdf 25 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>The formalisations that exist in an organisation are thought to have a substantial influence on how employees interpret the organisation&rsquo;s Management Control System (MCS) (Malmi &amp; Brown, 2008). Previously, researchers claimed that an increase in formalisation would have a negative attitudinal effect on employees, while a decrease induces an autonomous and positive view of the MCS (Burns &amp; Stalker, 1969). Adler &amp; Borys (1996) broke with this notion and argued that it is not the degree of formalisation that determines employee interpretation, but rather the distinctive features of the way rules and procedures are designed and implemented. The purpose of this study is to explore how the introduction of two contradictory formalisations influences the users&rsquo; interpretation of the MCS in an organisation.<br />This thesis conducts a case study of Statoil who have recently introduced two contradictory degrees of formalisations to their MCS. One is a decrease where the aim has been to give employees more freedom to decide what rules and regulations should be defining for them. The other represents an increase through the introduction of a detailed procedure for risk management. By applying a qualitative research methodology, we study how employees have interpreted corporate&rsquo;s intentions behind the two formalisations. Further, we compare how this has influenced their experience of the MCS in the different cases. <br />Overall, our conclusions support the argument made by Adler &amp; Borys (1996) through revealing that how the increased and decreased formalisations in Statoil have been interpreted has been a consequence of their inherent features. We find that corporate have designed and implemented enabling formalisations that have had a positive attitudinal influence on the users. Further, our study suggests that generating an understanding of the underlying rationales behind the formalisations is of particular importance in this process. Finally, we also find that the contradictory degrees of formalisation have induced different interpretations of support roles in the MCS. Where they are regarded as an interference to decision-making latitude in the case of decreased formalisations, support roles are viewed as a positive feature in the case of the opposite.</p> 25 5 Pub_Type 2 25 6 Pub_Year 2016 25 7 Pub_OldID 0 25 8 21721 R09/16 Håvard Baunan and Joel Berge Understanding Risk Appetite. What is it, what pressures shape it and how is it institutionalized /Files/Filer/Publications/R_0916.pdf <p>The purpose of this thesis is to understand the concept of risk appetite in terms of what it is, what institutional pressures influence it, and how it is institutionalized in an organization. We try to understand what risk appetite is by examining the most influential enterprise risk management frameworks, reports from practitioners, and scholarly research on the topic. Through a case study of a large and complex Norwegian organization, we seek to explain what influences and institutionalizes risk appetite. First, we find that there is a consensus in the literature that risk appetite is a top-down element of enterprise risk management, but that there is disagreement as to how quantitatively it is understood and practiced. Second, we find that one cannot decouple risk appetite from its organizational context, as both external and internal institutional pressures influence risk appetite in the organization. Third, we find that risk appetite is not a singular concept in the organization. Risk appetites varies across risk categories, and the institutionalization of risk appetite relies on cultural elements in the organization. Our thesis adds to the understanding of the risk appetite concept, and adds to the scholarly argument that the evolution of risk appetite should go in the direction of addressing human and social behavior. Further, we contribute with a model to analyze institutionalization of risk appetite in organizations.</p> 2 2016 0 PubID 21721 26 0 Pub_TypeNumber R09/16 26 1 Pub_Writer Håvard Baunan and Joel Berge 26 2 Pub_Title Understanding Risk Appetite. What is it, what pressures shape it and how is it institutionalized 26 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R_0916.pdf 26 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>The purpose of this thesis is to understand the concept of risk appetite in terms of what it is, what institutional pressures influence it, and how it is institutionalized in an organization. We try to understand what risk appetite is by examining the most influential enterprise risk management frameworks, reports from practitioners, and scholarly research on the topic. Through a case study of a large and complex Norwegian organization, we seek to explain what influences and institutionalizes risk appetite. First, we find that there is a consensus in the literature that risk appetite is a top-down element of enterprise risk management, but that there is disagreement as to how quantitatively it is understood and practiced. Second, we find that one cannot decouple risk appetite from its organizational context, as both external and internal institutional pressures influence risk appetite in the organization. Third, we find that risk appetite is not a singular concept in the organization. Risk appetites varies across risk categories, and the institutionalization of risk appetite relies on cultural elements in the organization. Our thesis adds to the understanding of the risk appetite concept, and adds to the scholarly argument that the evolution of risk appetite should go in the direction of addressing human and social behavior. Further, we contribute with a model to analyze institutionalization of risk appetite in organizations.</p> 26 5 Pub_Type 2 26 6 Pub_Year 2016 26 7 Pub_OldID 0 26 8 21720 R08/16 Karoline Dybendal Aulie og Vegard Sundnes Tjenende ledelse i små, norske bedrifter. En studie av norske regnskapsbedrifter /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_16.pdf 2 2016 0 PubID 21720 27 0 Pub_TypeNumber R08/16 27 1 Pub_Writer Karoline Dybendal Aulie og Vegard Sundnes 27 2 Pub_Title Tjenende ledelse i små, norske bedrifter. En studie av norske regnskapsbedrifter 27 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_16.pdf 27 4 Pub_AbstractEn 27 5 Pub_Type 2 27 6 Pub_Year 2016 27 7 Pub_OldID 0 27 8 21719 R07/16 Marie Aune og Julie Bie Tillit i virtuelle prosjektteam /Files/Filer/Publications/R_0716.pdf 2 2016 0 PubID 21719 28 0 Pub_TypeNumber R07/16 28 1 Pub_Writer Marie Aune og Julie Bie 28 2 Pub_Title Tillit i virtuelle prosjektteam 28 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R_0716.pdf 28 4 Pub_AbstractEn 28 5 Pub_Type 2 28 6 Pub_Year 2016 28 7 Pub_OldID 0 28 8 21717 Journal of Public Economics, 147 (2017), 1-15 Brekke, K., Garcia Pires, A., Schindler, D. and Schjelderup, G. Capital Taxation and Imperfect Competition: ACE vs. CBIT /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 21717 29 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Public Economics, 147 (2017), 1-15 29 1 Pub_Writer Brekke, K., Garcia Pires, A., Schindler, D. and Schjelderup, G. 29 2 Pub_Title Capital Taxation and Imperfect Competition: ACE vs. CBIT 29 3 Pub_Publication /Files 29 4 Pub_AbstractEn 29 5 Pub_Type 3 29 6 Pub_Year 2017 29 7 Pub_OldID 0 29 8 21716 A11/16 Endre Berner, Aksel Mjøs and Marius Olving NORWEGIAN CORPORATE ACCOUNTS - Documentation and quality assurance of SNF’s and NHH’s database of accounting and company information for Norwegian companies /Files/Filer/Publications/A11_16_(1).pdf <p>This working paper describes the database used by the Institute for Research in Economics (SNF) and the Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) in research based on companies' accounts. The purpose of this working paper and the pertaining data files with accounting and company data is to document and quality assure the database covering all Norwegian enterprises and groups for the years 1992 to 2014, with some exceptions in the first years. The working paper is a translation of Arbeidsnotat nr. 10/16 &ldquo;Regnskapsboka - Dokumentasjon og kvalitetssikring av SNFs og NHHs database med regnskaps- og foretaksinformasjon for norske bedrifter&rdquo;, which is the latest version of a series of annual working papers started from 2009. The translation has been financed by the Argentum Centre for Private Equity at NHH.</p> 1 2016 0 PubID 21716 30 0 Pub_TypeNumber A11/16 30 1 Pub_Writer Endre Berner, Aksel Mjøs and Marius Olving 30 2 Pub_Title NORWEGIAN CORPORATE ACCOUNTS - Documentation and quality assurance of SNF’s and NHH’s database of accounting and company information for Norwegian companies 30 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A11_16_(1).pdf 30 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This working paper describes the database used by the Institute for Research in Economics (SNF) and the Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) in research based on companies' accounts. The purpose of this working paper and the pertaining data files with accounting and company data is to document and quality assure the database covering all Norwegian enterprises and groups for the years 1992 to 2014, with some exceptions in the first years. The working paper is a translation of Arbeidsnotat nr. 10/16 &ldquo;Regnskapsboka - Dokumentasjon og kvalitetssikring av SNFs og NHHs database med regnskaps- og foretaksinformasjon for norske bedrifter&rdquo;, which is the latest version of a series of annual working papers started from 2009. The translation has been financed by the Argentum Centre for Private Equity at NHH.</p> 30 5 Pub_Type 1 30 6 Pub_Year 2016 30 7 Pub_OldID 0 30 8 21714 A10/16 Endre Berner, Aksel Mjøs og Marius Olving Regnskapsboka - Dokumentasjon og kvalitetssikring av SNFs og NHHs database med regnskaps- og foretaksinformasjon for norske selskaper /Files/Filer/Publications/A10_16.pdf 1 2016 0 PubID 21714 31 0 Pub_TypeNumber A10/16 31 1 Pub_Writer Endre Berner, Aksel Mjøs og Marius Olving 31 2 Pub_Title Regnskapsboka - Dokumentasjon og kvalitetssikring av SNFs og NHHs database med regnskaps- og foretaksinformasjon for norske selskaper 31 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A10_16.pdf 31 4 Pub_AbstractEn 31 5 Pub_Type 1 31 6 Pub_Year 2016 31 7 Pub_OldID 0 31 8 21713 A09/16 Arnt Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal Concerns among local government facility managers /Files/Filer/Publications/A09_16.pdf <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;">Purpose: To investigate which concerns are most important for local government facility managers in Norway.<br />Design: We analyze a survey dataset covering about 2/3 of all Norwegian local governments, using descriptive statistics techniques.<br />Findings: The facility managers are most worried about weak fiscal conditions and lack of political priority of facility management. Almost all facility managers report concerns about these issues, and the responses do not vary much across local governments with different characteristics. There is also widespread concern, albeit less serious, about organizational structure and recuitment problems. Local governments with a decentralized facility management are more concerned about the organizational structure than those with a centralized structure, and low-population local governments are more concerned about recruitment problems than those with a high population. Finally, local governments that report that their public buildings are in good condition generally have fewer and less serious concerns, in line with what one could expect.<br />Originality/value: The paper offers insights into which concerns that are most important among local government facility managers.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;">&nbsp;</p> 1 2016 0 PubID 21713 32 0 Pub_TypeNumber A09/16 32 1 Pub_Writer Arnt Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal 32 2 Pub_Title Concerns among local government facility managers 32 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A09_16.pdf 32 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;">Purpose: To investigate which concerns are most important for local government facility managers in Norway.<br />Design: We analyze a survey dataset covering about 2/3 of all Norwegian local governments, using descriptive statistics techniques.<br />Findings: The facility managers are most worried about weak fiscal conditions and lack of political priority of facility management. Almost all facility managers report concerns about these issues, and the responses do not vary much across local governments with different characteristics. There is also widespread concern, albeit less serious, about organizational structure and recuitment problems. Local governments with a decentralized facility management are more concerned about the organizational structure than those with a centralized structure, and low-population local governments are more concerned about recruitment problems than those with a high population. Finally, local governments that report that their public buildings are in good condition generally have fewer and less serious concerns, in line with what one could expect.<br />Originality/value: The paper offers insights into which concerns that are most important among local government facility managers.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: normal;">&nbsp;</p> 32 5 Pub_Type 1 32 6 Pub_Year 2016 32 7 Pub_OldID 0 32 8 20714 A08/16 Stein Ivar Steinshamn Predators in the market: Implications of market interaction on optimal resource management /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 08_16.pdf <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;">A two-species bioeconomic model is analyzed, but in contrast to most similar models, there is no biological interaction between the species, only economic. The interaction takes place in the market where the quantity of either species may affect the price of the other. The effects of cross-price elasticities on the optimal steady state and on the optimal paths in the sole-owner case are investigated both analytically and numerically. First, it is shown that whether cross-price elasticities have impact on the steady state or not, depends heavily on the technology in the fishery (e.g. purse seine versus trawl). Further, in the case of linear demand functions, the steady state outcome depends solely on the sum of the cross-price parameters and not their individual values. This is shown analytically. Secondly, in the investigation of optimal paths, numeric methods must be resorted to. It is shown that cross-price elasticities have interesting effects on the paths. More precisely, when cross-price elasticities are present and are sufficiently high, the paths go from being monotonic to feature over- or undershooting.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;">&nbsp;</p> 1 2016 0 PubID 20714 33 0 Pub_TypeNumber A08/16 33 1 Pub_Writer Stein Ivar Steinshamn 33 2 Pub_Title Predators in the market: Implications of market interaction on optimal resource management 33 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 08_16.pdf 33 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;">A two-species bioeconomic model is analyzed, but in contrast to most similar models, there is no biological interaction between the species, only economic. The interaction takes place in the market where the quantity of either species may affect the price of the other. The effects of cross-price elasticities on the optimal steady state and on the optimal paths in the sole-owner case are investigated both analytically and numerically. First, it is shown that whether cross-price elasticities have impact on the steady state or not, depends heavily on the technology in the fishery (e.g. purse seine versus trawl). Further, in the case of linear demand functions, the steady state outcome depends solely on the sum of the cross-price parameters and not their individual values. This is shown analytically. Secondly, in the investigation of optimal paths, numeric methods must be resorted to. It is shown that cross-price elasticities have interesting effects on the paths. More precisely, when cross-price elasticities are present and are sufficiently high, the paths go from being monotonic to feature over- or undershooting.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;">&nbsp;</p> 33 5 Pub_Type 1 33 6 Pub_Year 2016 33 7 Pub_OldID 0 33 8 20713 A07/16 Eleonore Lazat and Trond Bjørndal The Eastern Atlantic Bluefin Tuna: Fast Crash and Swift Recovery for the Ferrari of the Ocean? /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 07_16.pdf <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;">The Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Bluefin tuna tastes delicious. Naturally, the Japanese sashimi market fights over this high value fish. Unfortunately, this moneymaking resource has been overfished since the 1970s due to its&rsquo; wide geographical spread and high sea open access characteristic, which means over 25 countries sought to capture it. This cumulated in near extinction of the species in the mid-2000s. The organisation in charge of managing the stock, the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna (ICCAT), established a fifteen-year species recovery plan starting in 2006-2007. The plan includes fishing seasons, gear restrictions, quantity control and strict monitoring of vessels. Ten years into the programme, this project sets out to assess the state of the stock. Quantitative indicators will enable assessing the health of the stock, and qualitative methods will evaluate the managerial success of the recovery programme, in terms of member compliance and caution adopted with regard to the stock. Results of the research show the stock is en-route to recovery. Population indicators are recovering faster than expected. Recommendations, such as educational courses on stock sustainability for fishermen or knowledge-access incentives to comply, will hopefully reach the ICCAT to adapt the programme for the remaining five years.</p> 1 2016 0 PubID 20713 34 0 Pub_TypeNumber A07/16 34 1 Pub_Writer Eleonore Lazat and Trond Bjørndal 34 2 Pub_Title The Eastern Atlantic Bluefin Tuna: Fast Crash and Swift Recovery for the Ferrari of the Ocean? 34 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 07_16.pdf 34 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; -ms-text-justify: inter-ideograph;">The Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Bluefin tuna tastes delicious. Naturally, the Japanese sashimi market fights over this high value fish. Unfortunately, this moneymaking resource has been overfished since the 1970s due to its&rsquo; wide geographical spread and high sea open access characteristic, which means over 25 countries sought to capture it. This cumulated in near extinction of the species in the mid-2000s. The organisation in charge of managing the stock, the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna (ICCAT), established a fifteen-year species recovery plan starting in 2006-2007. The plan includes fishing seasons, gear restrictions, quantity control and strict monitoring of vessels. Ten years into the programme, this project sets out to assess the state of the stock. Quantitative indicators will enable assessing the health of the stock, and qualitative methods will evaluate the managerial success of the recovery programme, in terms of member compliance and caution adopted with regard to the stock. Results of the research show the stock is en-route to recovery. Population indicators are recovering faster than expected. Recommendations, such as educational courses on stock sustainability for fishermen or knowledge-access incentives to comply, will hopefully reach the ICCAT to adapt the programme for the remaining five years.</p> 34 5 Pub_Type 1 34 6 Pub_Year 2016 34 7 Pub_OldID 0 34 8 20712 R05/16 Frode Skjeret, Kåre Petter Hagen og Linda Nøstbakken Samfunnsøkonomisk analyse av Veterinærinstituttets innsats innen fiskehelse /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_16.pdf 2 2016 0 PubID 20712 35 0 Pub_TypeNumber R05/16 35 1 Pub_Writer Frode Skjeret, Kåre Petter Hagen og Linda Nøstbakken 35 2 Pub_Title Samfunnsøkonomisk analyse av Veterinærinstituttets innsats innen fiskehelse 35 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_16.pdf 35 4 Pub_AbstractEn 35 5 Pub_Type 2 35 6 Pub_Year 2016 35 7 Pub_OldID 0 35 8 20711 R04/16 Mathias Grønhaug Reierth og Juliet Tronstad Effektive team. Kognitiv motivasjon og maksimerings betydning for hvordan team arbeider og presterer /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_16.pdf 2 2016 0 PubID 20711 36 0 Pub_TypeNumber R04/16 36 1 Pub_Writer Mathias Grønhaug Reierth og Juliet Tronstad 36 2 Pub_Title Effektive team. Kognitiv motivasjon og maksimerings betydning for hvordan team arbeider og presterer 36 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_16.pdf 36 4 Pub_AbstractEn 36 5 Pub_Type 2 36 6 Pub_Year 2016 36 7 Pub_OldID 0 36 8 20710 R20/15 Mats Vormeland Langgård og Fredrik Døhl Mostad Entreprenørens dilemmaer - Gode idéer uten finansiering /Files/Filer/Publications/R20_15.pdf 2 2015 0 PubID 20710 37 0 Pub_TypeNumber R20/15 37 1 Pub_Writer Mats Vormeland Langgård og Fredrik Døhl Mostad 37 2 Pub_Title Entreprenørens dilemmaer - Gode idéer uten finansiering 37 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R20_15.pdf 37 4 Pub_AbstractEn 37 5 Pub_Type 2 37 6 Pub_Year 2015 37 7 Pub_OldID 0 37 8 20709 R19/15 Malene Austrheim and Sonja Lee Solheim What makes employees trust forecasted numbers? /Files/Filer/Publications/R19_15.pdf <p>Volatile and changing market conditions have made financial planning tools of increasing importance for managers and practitioners. In recent years, the use of traditional budgets has been criticised as a management control tool.&nbsp; New management tools such as rolling forecasts have arisen. The purpose of this study is to explore how the rolling forecasting process affects trust in an organization. According to Bergstrand (2009) it is important for managers to trust each other in order to get the rolling forecast process to work efficiently. This is in line with Starovic &amp; Jackson (2004) who argue that trust needs to be present in an organization for the systems to work effectively.</p> <p>This thesis is a case study exploring the practice of rolling forecasts within an organization &ndash; namely DNV GL. Through qualitative research method, the study aims to get an in-depth understanding of how the rolling forecasting process is understood and how that influences trust. Specifically we investigate:&nbsp; a) How employees make sense of the new financial planning process after introducing rolling forecasts, b) how employees experience that the rolling forecasting process facilitates trust between levels, c) if employees perceive any factors as challenging trust in the forecasting process.</p> <p>Our main findings show that rolling forecasting process influence trust in an organization. Trust is both facilitated and challenged as a consequence of the use of this management tool. By looking at trust through the concepts of ability, benevolence and integrity we are able to identify more specifically what aspects of trust that are influenced. Rolling forecasting process is understood as facilitating ability at all levels in the organization. On the other hand, trust in relation to integrity is only found facilitated at the higher levels in the organization. We explain these findings by looking at the lower level&acute;s understanding of the rolling forecasting process, which differs from the other levels. Rolling forecasting process challenges trust in terms of integrity and benevolence. Integrity is found challenged only at the higher levels. Benevolence is challenged at the lower levels as a result of gaming related behaviour. The thesis finds that the facilitation or challenge of trust is important as it influences how the employees use the forecasted numbers.</p> 2 2015 0 PubID 20709 38 0 Pub_TypeNumber R19/15 38 1 Pub_Writer Malene Austrheim and Sonja Lee Solheim 38 2 Pub_Title What makes employees trust forecasted numbers? 38 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R19_15.pdf 38 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Volatile and changing market conditions have made financial planning tools of increasing importance for managers and practitioners. In recent years, the use of traditional budgets has been criticised as a management control tool.&nbsp; New management tools such as rolling forecasts have arisen. The purpose of this study is to explore how the rolling forecasting process affects trust in an organization. According to Bergstrand (2009) it is important for managers to trust each other in order to get the rolling forecast process to work efficiently. This is in line with Starovic &amp; Jackson (2004) who argue that trust needs to be present in an organization for the systems to work effectively.</p> <p>This thesis is a case study exploring the practice of rolling forecasts within an organization &ndash; namely DNV GL. Through qualitative research method, the study aims to get an in-depth understanding of how the rolling forecasting process is understood and how that influences trust. Specifically we investigate:&nbsp; a) How employees make sense of the new financial planning process after introducing rolling forecasts, b) how employees experience that the rolling forecasting process facilitates trust between levels, c) if employees perceive any factors as challenging trust in the forecasting process.</p> <p>Our main findings show that rolling forecasting process influence trust in an organization. Trust is both facilitated and challenged as a consequence of the use of this management tool. By looking at trust through the concepts of ability, benevolence and integrity we are able to identify more specifically what aspects of trust that are influenced. Rolling forecasting process is understood as facilitating ability at all levels in the organization. On the other hand, trust in relation to integrity is only found facilitated at the higher levels in the organization. We explain these findings by looking at the lower level&acute;s understanding of the rolling forecasting process, which differs from the other levels. Rolling forecasting process challenges trust in terms of integrity and benevolence. Integrity is found challenged only at the higher levels. Benevolence is challenged at the lower levels as a result of gaming related behaviour. The thesis finds that the facilitation or challenge of trust is important as it influences how the employees use the forecasted numbers.</p> 38 5 Pub_Type 2 38 6 Pub_Year 2015 38 7 Pub_OldID 0 38 8 20707 A05/16 Frank Asche and Daniel V. Gordon PCAIDS and Growth Index Demand Modelling for Imported Cod Products in Portugal. ‘Special Issue – Fisheries and Aquaculture’ /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 05_16.pdf <p>The demand function represents the fundamental building block in economics and provides important information for investment and policy purposes. The aim of this paper is to characterize and measure the demand structure for imported cod products to Portugal. A PCAIDS model is used to identify and measure own- and cross-price elasticities of demand for frozen, salted and salted &amp; dried cod products. The calculated elasticities of demand are then used in combination with a demand growth index model to measure shifts in demand impacting price of product. Controlling for supply shocks the growth index shows over the period a positive growth in demand for frozen product but a negative change in demand growth for salted, and to a lesser degree, for salted &amp; dried products. The results are used in simulating alternative price demand scenarios.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2016 0 PubID 20707 39 0 Pub_TypeNumber A05/16 39 1 Pub_Writer Frank Asche and Daniel V. Gordon 39 2 Pub_Title PCAIDS and Growth Index Demand Modelling for Imported Cod Products in Portugal. ‘Special Issue – Fisheries and Aquaculture’ 39 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 05_16.pdf 39 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>The demand function represents the fundamental building block in economics and provides important information for investment and policy purposes. The aim of this paper is to characterize and measure the demand structure for imported cod products to Portugal. A PCAIDS model is used to identify and measure own- and cross-price elasticities of demand for frozen, salted and salted &amp; dried cod products. The calculated elasticities of demand are then used in combination with a demand growth index model to measure shifts in demand impacting price of product. Controlling for supply shocks the growth index shows over the period a positive growth in demand for frozen product but a negative change in demand growth for salted, and to a lesser degree, for salted &amp; dried products. The results are used in simulating alternative price demand scenarios.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 39 5 Pub_Type 1 39 6 Pub_Year 2016 39 7 Pub_OldID 0 39 8 20706 R17/15 Kathrine Slåtto Olsen og Vibeke Solum Beyond Budgeting og ledelsesfokus i Coloplast /Files/Filer/Publications/R17_15.pdf 2 2015 0 PubID 20706 40 0 Pub_TypeNumber R17/15 40 1 Pub_Writer Kathrine Slåtto Olsen og Vibeke Solum 40 2 Pub_Title Beyond Budgeting og ledelsesfokus i Coloplast 40 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R17_15.pdf 40 4 Pub_AbstractEn 40 5 Pub_Type 2 40 6 Pub_Year 2015 40 7 Pub_OldID 0 40 8 20705 R16/15 Anna Paula Fijalkowska og Karina Sofie Hjartåker Tilpasning av bemanning og valg av nedbemanningstiltak i bedrifter rammet av oljekrisen /Files/Filer/Publications/R16_15.pdf 2 2015 0 PubID 20705 41 0 Pub_TypeNumber R16/15 41 1 Pub_Writer Anna Paula Fijalkowska og Karina Sofie Hjartåker 41 2 Pub_Title Tilpasning av bemanning og valg av nedbemanningstiltak i bedrifter rammet av oljekrisen 41 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R16_15.pdf 41 4 Pub_AbstractEn 41 5 Pub_Type 2 41 6 Pub_Year 2015 41 7 Pub_OldID 0 41 8 20704 R15/15 Ruben Østrem og Øystein A. Tjølsen Teamkontraktens betydning for hvordan team arbeider og presterer. Direkte og medierende effekter mellom teamkontrakt, arbeidsprosesser og prestasjoner /Files/Filer/Publications/R15_15.pdf 2 2015 0 PubID 20704 42 0 Pub_TypeNumber R15/15 42 1 Pub_Writer Ruben Østrem og Øystein A. Tjølsen 42 2 Pub_Title Teamkontraktens betydning for hvordan team arbeider og presterer. Direkte og medierende effekter mellom teamkontrakt, arbeidsprosesser og prestasjoner 42 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R15_15.pdf 42 4 Pub_AbstractEn 42 5 Pub_Type 2 42 6 Pub_Year 2015 42 7 Pub_OldID 0 42 8 20703 R11/15 Henny Marie Fløystad og Inger Samuelsen Nordli Effekter av lederatferd. En studie av mellomstore regnskapsbedrifter i Norge /Files/Filer/Publications/R11_15.pdf 2 2015 0 PubID 20703 43 0 Pub_TypeNumber R11/15 43 1 Pub_Writer Henny Marie Fløystad og Inger Samuelsen Nordli 43 2 Pub_Title Effekter av lederatferd. En studie av mellomstore regnskapsbedrifter i Norge 43 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R11_15.pdf 43 4 Pub_AbstractEn 43 5 Pub_Type 2 43 6 Pub_Year 2015 43 7 Pub_OldID 0 43 8 20702 R10/15 Berit Fidjeland og Didrik Rosseid Breivik Effektivitet i lederteam. Hvordan kan et lederteams etableringsaktiviteter påvirke teamets videre prosesser og effektivitet? /Files/Filer/Publications/R10_15.pdf 2 2015 0 PubID 20702 44 0 Pub_TypeNumber R10/15 44 1 Pub_Writer Berit Fidjeland og Didrik Rosseid Breivik 44 2 Pub_Title Effektivitet i lederteam. Hvordan kan et lederteams etableringsaktiviteter påvirke teamets videre prosesser og effektivitet? 44 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R10_15.pdf 44 4 Pub_AbstractEn 44 5 Pub_Type 2 44 6 Pub_Year 2015 44 7 Pub_OldID 0 44 8 20701 R09/15 Martine Borgen Borgaard og Heidi Giske Psykologiske kontrakter i Professional Service Firms - En casestudie av et IT-konsulentselskap /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_15.pdf 2 2015 0 PubID 20701 45 0 Pub_TypeNumber R09/15 45 1 Pub_Writer Martine Borgen Borgaard og Heidi Giske 45 2 Pub_Title Psykologiske kontrakter i Professional Service Firms - En casestudie av et IT-konsulentselskap 45 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_15.pdf 45 4 Pub_AbstractEn 45 5 Pub_Type 2 45 6 Pub_Year 2015 45 7 Pub_OldID 0 45 8 20700 A01/16 Kanira Shah and Trond Bjørndal The Café Femenino Peru Story: Evaluating the potential of a for-profit gender equitable value chain /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 01_16.pdf <p>The focus of this paper is on evaluating how Caf&eacute; Femenino Peru, an organically grown coffee produced by women, is successful in promoting gender equity, while being a for-profit business. Using the &lsquo;pro-poor perspective&rsquo; of Porter&rsquo;s value chain analysis as its primary methodology, this research identifies links and dynamics in the value chain of Caf&eacute; Femenino Peru but with a gender lens perspective.&nbsp;</p> <p>Results reveal that the combined increases in income and the increased access to assistance, through training and the Caf&eacute; Femenino Foundation in particular, has produced a big positive change.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2016 0 PubID 20700 46 0 Pub_TypeNumber A01/16 46 1 Pub_Writer Kanira Shah and Trond Bjørndal 46 2 Pub_Title The Café Femenino Peru Story: Evaluating the potential of a for-profit gender equitable value chain 46 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 01_16.pdf 46 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>The focus of this paper is on evaluating how Caf&eacute; Femenino Peru, an organically grown coffee produced by women, is successful in promoting gender equity, while being a for-profit business. Using the &lsquo;pro-poor perspective&rsquo; of Porter&rsquo;s value chain analysis as its primary methodology, this research identifies links and dynamics in the value chain of Caf&eacute; Femenino Peru but with a gender lens perspective.&nbsp;</p> <p>Results reveal that the combined increases in income and the increased access to assistance, through training and the Caf&eacute; Femenino Foundation in particular, has produced a big positive change.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 46 5 Pub_Type 1 46 6 Pub_Year 2016 46 7 Pub_OldID 0 46 8 20699 A04/16 Trond Bjørndal, Ana Brasão, Jorge Ramos and Amalie Tusvik Fish Processing in Portugal: An Industry in Expansion /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 04_16.pdf <p>This paper analyses developments in the Portuguese fish processing industry from the 1960s to the present as well prospects for future expansion. Fish processing has expanded in recent decades gaining market share in the domestic market for processed products at the expense of imports. Furthermore, Portugal has now become an important exporter to several countries.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2016 0 PubID 20699 47 0 Pub_TypeNumber A04/16 47 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal, Ana Brasão, Jorge Ramos and Amalie Tusvik 47 2 Pub_Title Fish Processing in Portugal: An Industry in Expansion 47 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 04_16.pdf 47 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This paper analyses developments in the Portuguese fish processing industry from the 1960s to the present as well prospects for future expansion. Fish processing has expanded in recent decades gaining market share in the domestic market for processed products at the expense of imports. Furthermore, Portugal has now become an important exporter to several countries.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 47 5 Pub_Type 1 47 6 Pub_Year 2016 47 7 Pub_OldID 0 47 8 20698 A03/16 Ganesh Prasad Neupane and Sven A. Haugland Framing agenda for business model innovation research from the B2B context /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 03_16.pdf <p>This paper reviews the literature on business models in the business-to-business (B2B) context and proposes a research agenda that can be explored by future studies using various management and organizational theories. We outline four research themes and seven research topics for research on business model innovations in the B2B context. Further studies on these topics can make significant contributions to the business model literature.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2016 0 PubID 20698 48 0 Pub_TypeNumber A03/16 48 1 Pub_Writer Ganesh Prasad Neupane and Sven A. Haugland 48 2 Pub_Title Framing agenda for business model innovation research from the B2B context 48 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 03_16.pdf 48 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This paper reviews the literature on business models in the business-to-business (B2B) context and proposes a research agenda that can be explored by future studies using various management and organizational theories. We outline four research themes and seven research topics for research on business model innovations in the B2B context. Further studies on these topics can make significant contributions to the business model literature.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 48 5 Pub_Type 1 48 6 Pub_Year 2016 48 7 Pub_OldID 0 48 8 20697 A02/16 Ganesh Prasad Neupane and Sven A. Haugland A framework for sustainable interorganizational business model /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 02_16.pdf <p>Drawing on literature on business model innovations and sustainability, this paper develops a framework for sustainable interorganizational business models. The aim of the framework is to enhance the sustainability of firms&rsquo; business models by enabling firms to create future value by taking into account environmental, social and economic factors. The paper discusses two themes: (1) application of the term sustainability to business model innovation, and (2) implications of integrating sustainability into business model innovations for long-term economic success.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2016 0 PubID 20697 49 0 Pub_TypeNumber A02/16 49 1 Pub_Writer Ganesh Prasad Neupane and Sven A. Haugland 49 2 Pub_Title A framework for sustainable interorganizational business model 49 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/SNF WP 02_16.pdf 49 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Drawing on literature on business model innovations and sustainability, this paper develops a framework for sustainable interorganizational business models. The aim of the framework is to enhance the sustainability of firms&rsquo; business models by enabling firms to create future value by taking into account environmental, social and economic factors. The paper discusses two themes: (1) application of the term sustainability to business model innovation, and (2) implications of integrating sustainability into business model innovations for long-term economic success.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 49 5 Pub_Type 1 49 6 Pub_Year 2016 49 7 Pub_OldID 0 49 8