Siste publikasjoner

34861 Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 133 (2020) Shuang Wang, Stein W. Wallace, Jing Lu and Yewen Gu Handling financial risks in crude oil imports: Taking into account crude oil prices as well as country and transportation risks /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 34861 0 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 133 (2020) 0 1 Pub_Writer Shuang Wang, Stein W. Wallace, Jing Lu and Yewen Gu 0 2 Pub_Title Handling financial risks in crude oil imports: Taking into account crude oil prices as well as country and transportation risks 0 3 Pub_Publication /Files 0 4 Pub_AbstractEn 0 5 Pub_Type 3 0 6 Pub_Year 2020 0 7 Pub_OldID 0 0 8 33865 Evolution and Human Behavior (2020) Michael R. Ent, Hallgeir Sjåstad, William von Hippel and Roy F. Baumeister Helping behavior is non-zero-sum: Helper and recipient autobiographical accounts of help /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 33865 1 0 Pub_TypeNumber Evolution and Human Behavior (2020) 1 1 Pub_Writer Michael R. Ent, Hallgeir Sjåstad, William von Hippel and Roy F. Baumeister 1 2 Pub_Title Helping behavior is non-zero-sum: Helper and recipient autobiographical accounts of help 1 3 Pub_Publication /Files 1 4 Pub_AbstractEn 1 5 Pub_Type 3 1 6 Pub_Year 2020 1 7 Pub_OldID 0 1 8 33863 Marine Policy (2020) Ignacio Llorente, José Fernández-Polanco, Elisa Baraibar-Diez, María D. Odriozola, Trond Bjørndal, Frank Asche, Jordi Guillen, Lamprakis Avdelas, Rasmus Nielsen, Maria Cozzolino, Manuel Luna, José L. Fernández-Sánchez, Ladislao Luna, Cristóbal Aguilera and Bernardo Basurco Assessment of the economic performance of the seabream and seabass aquaculture industry in the European Union /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 33863 2 0 Pub_TypeNumber Marine Policy (2020) 2 1 Pub_Writer Ignacio Llorente, José Fernández-Polanco, Elisa Baraibar-Diez, María D. Odriozola, Trond Bjørndal, Frank Asche, Jordi Guillen, Lamprakis Avdelas, Rasmus Nielsen, Maria Cozzolino, Manuel Luna, José L. Fernández-Sánchez, Ladislao Luna, Cristóbal Aguilera and Bernardo Basurco 2 2 Pub_Title Assessment of the economic performance of the seabream and seabass aquaculture industry in the European Union 2 3 Pub_Publication /Files 2 4 Pub_AbstractEn 2 5 Pub_Type 3 2 6 Pub_Year 2020 2 7 Pub_OldID 0 2 8 33862 2019 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) Vit Prochazka and Roar Adland Ocean Mesh Grid: Applications in Shipping Modeling /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 33862 3 0 Pub_TypeNumber 2019 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) 3 1 Pub_Writer Vit Prochazka and Roar Adland 3 2 Pub_Title Ocean Mesh Grid: Applications in Shipping Modeling 3 3 Pub_Publication /Files 3 4 Pub_AbstractEn 3 5 Pub_Type 3 3 6 Pub_Year 2020 3 7 Pub_OldID 0 3 8 32861 Ecological Economics, Vol. 171 (2020) Sturla F. Kvamsdal, Leif K. Sandal and Diwakar Poudel Ecosystem wealth in the Barents Sea /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 32861 4 0 Pub_TypeNumber Ecological Economics, Vol. 171 (2020) 4 1 Pub_Writer Sturla F. Kvamsdal, Leif K. Sandal and Diwakar Poudel 4 2 Pub_Title Ecosystem wealth in the Barents Sea 4 3 Pub_Publication /Files 4 4 Pub_AbstractEn 4 5 Pub_Type 3 4 6 Pub_Year 2020 4 7 Pub_OldID 0 4 8 32860 Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture, 28(1), 107-116 (2020) Taryn Garlock, Frank Asche, James Anderson, Trond Bjørndal, Ganesh Kumar, Kai Lorenzen, Andrew Ropicki, Martin D. Smith and Ragnar Tveterås A Global Blue Revolution: Aquaculture Growth Across Regions, Species, and Countries /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 32860 5 0 Pub_TypeNumber Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture, 28(1), 107-116 (2020) 5 1 Pub_Writer Taryn Garlock, Frank Asche, James Anderson, Trond Bjørndal, Ganesh Kumar, Kai Lorenzen, Andrew Ropicki, Martin D. Smith and Ragnar Tveterås 5 2 Pub_Title A Global Blue Revolution: Aquaculture Growth Across Regions, Species, and Countries 5 3 Pub_Publication /Files 5 4 Pub_AbstractEn 5 5 Pub_Type 3 5 6 Pub_Year 2020 5 7 Pub_OldID 0 5 8 32857 World Development (2020) Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville The customer is king: Evidence on VAT compliance in Tanzania /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 32857 6 0 Pub_TypeNumber World Development (2020) 6 1 Pub_Writer Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville 6 2 Pub_Title The customer is king: Evidence on VAT compliance in Tanzania 6 3 Pub_Publication /Files 6 4 Pub_AbstractEn 6 5 Pub_Type 3 6 6 Pub_Year 2020 6 7 Pub_OldID 0 6 8 32856 Journal of Shipping and Trade (2020) Roar Adland, Haakon Ameln and Eirik A. Børnes Hedging ship price risk using freight derivatives in the drybulk market /Files 3 2020 0 PubID 32856 7 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Shipping and Trade (2020) 7 1 Pub_Writer Roar Adland, Haakon Ameln and Eirik A. Børnes 7 2 Pub_Title Hedging ship price risk using freight derivatives in the drybulk market 7 3 Pub_Publication /Files 7 4 Pub_AbstractEn 7 5 Pub_Type 3 7 6 Pub_Year 2020 7 7 Pub_OldID 0 7 8 32855 International Journal of Managing Projects in Business (2019) Torstein Nesheim A fine balance? Unwrapping the coexistence of projects and non-projects in the core of the organization /Files/Filer/Publications/Nesheim A fine balance FINAL NOV 2019.pdf 3 2019 0 PubID 32855 8 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Journal of Managing Projects in Business (2019) 8 1 Pub_Writer Torstein Nesheim 8 2 Pub_Title A fine balance? Unwrapping the coexistence of projects and non-projects in the core of the organization 8 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Nesheim A fine balance FINAL NOV 2019.pdf 8 4 Pub_AbstractEn 8 5 Pub_Type 3 8 6 Pub_Year 2019 8 7 Pub_OldID 0 8 8 32854 Magma, nr. 8, 63-70 (2019) Hallgeir Sjåstad Algoritme-aversjon /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32854 9 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 63-70 (2019) 9 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad 9 2 Pub_Title Algoritme-aversjon 9 3 Pub_Publication /Files 9 4 Pub_AbstractEn 9 5 Pub_Type 3 9 6 Pub_Year 2019 9 7 Pub_OldID 0 9 8 32852 R04/19 Rasmus Noss Bang Management of North-East Artic Cod: An Age-structured Multi-Fleet Analysis /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_19_(1).pdf <p>The North-East Arctic cod fishery is of economic and cultural importance. The stock is subject to joint management by Norway and Russia. Today&rsquo;s stock management strategy is designed to achieve the maximum sustainable yield given the current selection pattern. The current selection pattern is largely determined by the fleet-composition, i.e. the distribution of the total allowable catch in terms of shares.</p> <p>The total allowable catch is distributed between vessels that fall into three broad groups; Norwegian conventional vessels, Norwegian trawlers, and Russian and third countries&rsquo; trawlers. The Russian and third countries&rsquo; trawlers typically get 55-57.5% of the total allowable catch, while the Norwegian part of the fishery gets the remaining share. A distribution key called &ldquo;Tr&aring;lstigen&rdquo;, which translates to &ldquo;The trawl ladder&rdquo;, determines the distribution of the Norwegian share of the total allowable catch as a function of its size.</p> <p>By use of an age-structured, multi-fleet, bioeconomic model, it is shown that the stock has biological potential that cannot be realized with today&rsquo;s management. The same goes for the economic potential of the Norwegian part of the fishery. Biological gains in terms of an increase in the sustainable yield may be achieved by altering the overall selection pattern through changes in the fleet-composition. Economic gains in terms of an increase in the net present value of the Norwegian part of the fishery may be achieved by changing the overall selection pattern and reducing the overall fishing pressure.</p> <p>The model results indicate that the Norwegian conventional fleet has the most efficient selection pattern which gives it a bioeconomic advantage. However, the Norwegian trawler fleet compensates for a more inefficient selection pattern with a cost-advantage. Economically speaking, the overall results indicate that it is not significant which of these fleets are utilized &ndash; it is the Russian and third countries&rsquo; trawler fleet that has the most inefficient selection pattern, and the use of this fleet has a negative bioeconomic impact on the Norwegian part of the fishery. From an economic sole owner perspective, the use of the Russian and third countries&rsquo; trawler fleet with its overall selection pattern, may only be defended if its harvest costs per kg are significantly lower than that of the other fleets.</p> 2 2019 0 PubID 32852 10 0 Pub_TypeNumber R04/19 10 1 Pub_Writer Rasmus Noss Bang 10 2 Pub_Title Management of North-East Artic Cod: An Age-structured Multi-Fleet Analysis 10 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_19_(1).pdf 10 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>The North-East Arctic cod fishery is of economic and cultural importance. The stock is subject to joint management by Norway and Russia. Today&rsquo;s stock management strategy is designed to achieve the maximum sustainable yield given the current selection pattern. The current selection pattern is largely determined by the fleet-composition, i.e. the distribution of the total allowable catch in terms of shares.</p> <p>The total allowable catch is distributed between vessels that fall into three broad groups; Norwegian conventional vessels, Norwegian trawlers, and Russian and third countries&rsquo; trawlers. The Russian and third countries&rsquo; trawlers typically get 55-57.5% of the total allowable catch, while the Norwegian part of the fishery gets the remaining share. A distribution key called &ldquo;Tr&aring;lstigen&rdquo;, which translates to &ldquo;The trawl ladder&rdquo;, determines the distribution of the Norwegian share of the total allowable catch as a function of its size.</p> <p>By use of an age-structured, multi-fleet, bioeconomic model, it is shown that the stock has biological potential that cannot be realized with today&rsquo;s management. The same goes for the economic potential of the Norwegian part of the fishery. Biological gains in terms of an increase in the sustainable yield may be achieved by altering the overall selection pattern through changes in the fleet-composition. Economic gains in terms of an increase in the net present value of the Norwegian part of the fishery may be achieved by changing the overall selection pattern and reducing the overall fishing pressure.</p> <p>The model results indicate that the Norwegian conventional fleet has the most efficient selection pattern which gives it a bioeconomic advantage. However, the Norwegian trawler fleet compensates for a more inefficient selection pattern with a cost-advantage. Economically speaking, the overall results indicate that it is not significant which of these fleets are utilized &ndash; it is the Russian and third countries&rsquo; trawler fleet that has the most inefficient selection pattern, and the use of this fleet has a negative bioeconomic impact on the Norwegian part of the fishery. From an economic sole owner perspective, the use of the Russian and third countries&rsquo; trawler fleet with its overall selection pattern, may only be defended if its harvest costs per kg are significantly lower than that of the other fleets.</p> 10 5 Pub_Type 2 10 6 Pub_Year 2019 10 7 Pub_OldID 0 10 8 32850 R03/19 Kristian Westbye Ølstad og Ola Ringen Samhandling i virituelle team /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_19.pdf 2 2019 0 PubID 32850 11 0 Pub_TypeNumber R03/19 11 1 Pub_Writer Kristian Westbye Ølstad og Ola Ringen 11 2 Pub_Title Samhandling i virituelle team 11 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_19.pdf 11 4 Pub_AbstractEn 11 5 Pub_Type 2 11 6 Pub_Year 2019 11 7 Pub_OldID 0 11 8 32849 Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 130, 517-528 (2019) Jostein Tvedt Transport services and the valuation of flexibility over business cycles /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32849 12 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 130, 517-528 (2019) 12 1 Pub_Writer Jostein Tvedt 12 2 Pub_Title Transport services and the valuation of flexibility over business cycles 12 3 Pub_Publication /Files 12 4 Pub_AbstractEn 12 5 Pub_Type 3 12 6 Pub_Year 2019 12 7 Pub_OldID 0 12 8 32848 Magma, nr. 7, 16-19 (2019) Per Heum Globalisering og verdiskaping i norsk økonomi /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32848 13 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 7, 16-19 (2019) 13 1 Pub_Writer Per Heum 13 2 Pub_Title Globalisering og verdiskaping i norsk økonomi 13 3 Pub_Publication /Files 13 4 Pub_AbstractEn 13 5 Pub_Type 3 13 6 Pub_Year 2019 13 7 Pub_OldID 0 13 8 32847 Magma, nr. 7, 30-39 (2019) Julie Salthella Ågnes Global verdiskaping fra et lokalt perspektiv - Hvordan håndterer ansatte at oppgaver flyttes ut? /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32847 14 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 7, 30-39 (2019) 14 1 Pub_Writer Julie Salthella Ågnes 14 2 Pub_Title Global verdiskaping fra et lokalt perspektiv - Hvordan håndterer ansatte at oppgaver flyttes ut? 14 3 Pub_Publication /Files 14 4 Pub_AbstractEn 14 5 Pub_Type 3 14 6 Pub_Year 2019 14 7 Pub_OldID 0 14 8 32846 A05/19 Linda Nøstbakken og Simon Flatebø Selle Eierskap i norsk oppdrettsnæring /Files/Filer/Publications/A05_19.pdf 1 2019 0 PubID 32846 15 0 Pub_TypeNumber A05/19 15 1 Pub_Writer Linda Nøstbakken og Simon Flatebø Selle 15 2 Pub_Title Eierskap i norsk oppdrettsnæring 15 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A05_19.pdf 15 4 Pub_AbstractEn 15 5 Pub_Type 1 15 6 Pub_Year 2019 15 7 Pub_OldID 0 15 8 32845 Aquaculture Economics & Management (2019) Trond Bjørndal and Amalie Tusvik Economic analysis of land based farming of salmon /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32845 16 0 Pub_TypeNumber Aquaculture Economics & Management (2019) 16 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal and Amalie Tusvik 16 2 Pub_Title Economic analysis of land based farming of salmon 16 3 Pub_Publication /Files 16 4 Pub_AbstractEn 16 5 Pub_Type 3 16 6 Pub_Year 2019 16 7 Pub_OldID 0 16 8 32844 Aquaculture Economics & Management, 23(3), 341-357 (2019) Trond Bjørndal, Jordi Guillen and Ferit Rad Are farmed European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) prices in European Union markets affected by Turkish exports of farmed European seabass? /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32844 17 0 Pub_TypeNumber Aquaculture Economics & Management, 23(3), 341-357 (2019) 17 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal, Jordi Guillen and Ferit Rad 17 2 Pub_Title Are farmed European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) prices in European Union markets affected by Turkish exports of farmed European seabass? 17 3 Pub_Publication /Files 17 4 Pub_AbstractEn 17 5 Pub_Type 3 17 6 Pub_Year 2019 17 7 Pub_OldID 0 17 8 32843 Transportation Research Part D, 74, 318-338 (2019) Yewen Gu, Stein W. Wallace and Xin Wang Can an Emission Trading Scheme really reduce CO2 emissions in the short term? Evidence from a maritime fleet composition and deployment model /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32843 18 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part D, 74, 318-338 (2019) 18 1 Pub_Writer Yewen Gu, Stein W. Wallace and Xin Wang 18 2 Pub_Title Can an Emission Trading Scheme really reduce CO2 emissions in the short term? Evidence from a maritime fleet composition and deployment model 18 3 Pub_Publication /Files 18 4 Pub_AbstractEn 18 5 Pub_Type 3 18 6 Pub_Year 2019 18 7 Pub_OldID 0 18 8 32842 Transportation Research Part A, 130, 37-53 (2019) Vit Prochazka, Roar Adland and Francois-Charles Wolff Contracting decisions in the crude oil transportation market: Evidence from fixtures matched with AIS data /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32842 19 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part A, 130, 37-53 (2019) 19 1 Pub_Writer Vit Prochazka, Roar Adland and Francois-Charles Wolff 19 2 Pub_Title Contracting decisions in the crude oil transportation market: Evidence from fixtures matched with AIS data 19 3 Pub_Publication /Files 19 4 Pub_AbstractEn 19 5 Pub_Type 3 19 6 Pub_Year 2019 19 7 Pub_OldID 0 19 8 32841 Transport Reviews (2019) Dong Yang, Lingxiao Wu, Shuaian Wang, Haiying Jia and Kevin X. Li How big data enriches maritime research - a critical review of Automatic Identification System (AIS) data applications /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32841 20 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transport Reviews (2019) 20 1 Pub_Writer Dong Yang, Lingxiao Wu, Shuaian Wang, Haiying Jia and Kevin X. Li 20 2 Pub_Title How big data enriches maritime research - a critical review of Automatic Identification System (AIS) data applications 20 3 Pub_Publication /Files 20 4 Pub_AbstractEn 20 5 Pub_Type 3 20 6 Pub_Year 2019 20 7 Pub_OldID 0 20 8 32840 Journal of Commodity Markets (2019) Jostein Tvedt Commodity market flexibility and financial derivatives /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32840 21 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Commodity Markets (2019) 21 1 Pub_Writer Jostein Tvedt 21 2 Pub_Title Commodity market flexibility and financial derivatives 21 3 Pub_Publication /Files 21 4 Pub_AbstractEn 21 5 Pub_Type 3 21 6 Pub_Year 2019 21 7 Pub_OldID 0 21 8 31840 Militær ledelse (red. Rino Bandlitz Johansen, Thomas Hol Fosse og Ole Boe) (2019) Synnøve Nesse Kriseledelse i en militær kontekst /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31840 22 0 Pub_TypeNumber Militær ledelse (red. Rino Bandlitz Johansen, Thomas Hol Fosse og Ole Boe) (2019) 22 1 Pub_Writer Synnøve Nesse 22 2 Pub_Title Kriseledelse i en militær kontekst 22 3 Pub_Publication /Files 22 4 Pub_AbstractEn 22 5 Pub_Type 3 22 6 Pub_Year 2019 22 7 Pub_OldID 0 22 8 31835 Magma, nr. 6, 18-24 (2019) Charlotte Ringdal og Ingrid Hoem Sjursen Investeringer i barns utdanning: Bryr kvinner seg mer enn menn? /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31835 23 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 6, 18-24 (2019) 23 1 Pub_Writer Charlotte Ringdal og Ingrid Hoem Sjursen 23 2 Pub_Title Investeringer i barns utdanning: Bryr kvinner seg mer enn menn? 23 3 Pub_Publication /Files 23 4 Pub_AbstractEn 23 5 Pub_Type 3 23 6 Pub_Year 2019 23 7 Pub_OldID 0 23 8 31834 Transportation Research Part A, 129, 232-245 (2019) Vit Prochazka, Roar Adland and Stein W. Wallace The value of foresight in the drybulk freight market /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31834 24 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part A, 129, 232-245 (2019) 24 1 Pub_Writer Vit Prochazka, Roar Adland and Stein W. Wallace 24 2 Pub_Title The value of foresight in the drybulk freight market 24 3 Pub_Publication /Files 24 4 Pub_AbstractEn 24 5 Pub_Type 3 24 6 Pub_Year 2019 24 7 Pub_OldID 0 24 8 31833 European Journal of Operational Research (2019) Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto, Manuel Morán and Leif K. Sandal Bioeconomic modeling of seasonal fisheries /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31833 25 0 Pub_TypeNumber European Journal of Operational Research (2019) 25 1 Pub_Writer Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto, Manuel Morán and Leif K. Sandal 25 2 Pub_Title Bioeconomic modeling of seasonal fisheries 25 3 Pub_Publication /Files 25 4 Pub_AbstractEn 25 5 Pub_Type 3 25 6 Pub_Year 2019 25 7 Pub_OldID 0 25 8 31831 Journal of Facilities Management (2019) Arnt-Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal Critical success factors for maintenance of local public buildings: the role of contingencies /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31831 26 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Facilities Management (2019) 26 1 Pub_Writer Arnt-Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal 26 2 Pub_Title Critical success factors for maintenance of local public buildings: the role of contingencies 26 3 Pub_Publication /Files 26 4 Pub_AbstractEn 26 5 Pub_Type 3 26 6 Pub_Year 2019 26 7 Pub_OldID 0 26 8 30831 Operations Research and Decisions, 29(1), 17-35 (2019) Arnt-Ove Hopland, Sturla F. Kvamsdal and Leif K. Sandal An analysis of maintenance schedules for public facilities /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 30831 27 0 Pub_TypeNumber Operations Research and Decisions, 29(1), 17-35 (2019) 27 1 Pub_Writer Arnt-Ove Hopland, Sturla F. Kvamsdal and Leif K. Sandal 27 2 Pub_Title An analysis of maintenance schedules for public facilities 27 3 Pub_Publication /Files 27 4 Pub_AbstractEn 27 5 Pub_Type 3 27 6 Pub_Year 2019 27 7 Pub_OldID 0 27 8 30830 R09/18 Martha-Marie Olimb og Guro Nordvik Øyri En misjon om å redde liv – fra brennende engasjement til utbrent? /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 30830 28 0 Pub_TypeNumber R09/18 28 1 Pub_Writer Martha-Marie Olimb og Guro Nordvik Øyri 28 2 Pub_Title En misjon om å redde liv – fra brennende engasjement til utbrent? 28 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_18.pdf 28 4 Pub_AbstractEn 28 5 Pub_Type 2 28 6 Pub_Year 2018 28 7 Pub_OldID 0 28 8 30829 A03/19 Jonas Tungodden When parents decide: Gender differences in competitiveness /Files/Filer/Publications/A03_19.pdf <p>The gender difference in willingness to compete has been proposed as an explanation for the observed gender difference in education and labor market outcomes. This paper presents the first study of how parents make competitiveness choices for their children. In an experiment with 1480 parents and adolescent children, parents choose if their child will do a task for a competitive or non-competitive pay scheme. The paper establishes a number of novel facts on parents' choices for children. First, parents choose more competition for boys than for girls. The gender gap in parents' choices is smaller than that in children's own choices. Second, two main mechanisms explain the gender gap in parents' choices: their beliefs about children's preferences and paternalistic behavior. Third, parents' choices are more responsive to the ability of boys than girls, which results in many high-ability girls not entering into competition. Fourth, parent gender matters: fathers are more likely than mothers to enter their child into competition. Finally, children are unaware of the gender difference in parents' choices and believe that parents will make the same choices for boys and girls. The set of findings sheds new light on the role of parents in determining children's long-term outcomes and on the intergenerational transmission of preferences.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2019 0 PubID 30829 29 0 Pub_TypeNumber A03/19 29 1 Pub_Writer Jonas Tungodden 29 2 Pub_Title When parents decide: Gender differences in competitiveness 29 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A03_19.pdf 29 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>The gender difference in willingness to compete has been proposed as an explanation for the observed gender difference in education and labor market outcomes. This paper presents the first study of how parents make competitiveness choices for their children. In an experiment with 1480 parents and adolescent children, parents choose if their child will do a task for a competitive or non-competitive pay scheme. The paper establishes a number of novel facts on parents' choices for children. First, parents choose more competition for boys than for girls. The gender gap in parents' choices is smaller than that in children's own choices. Second, two main mechanisms explain the gender gap in parents' choices: their beliefs about children's preferences and paternalistic behavior. Third, parents' choices are more responsive to the ability of boys than girls, which results in many high-ability girls not entering into competition. Fourth, parent gender matters: fathers are more likely than mothers to enter their child into competition. Finally, children are unaware of the gender difference in parents' choices and believe that parents will make the same choices for boys and girls. The set of findings sheds new light on the role of parents in determining children's long-term outcomes and on the intergenerational transmission of preferences.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 29 5 Pub_Type 1 29 6 Pub_Year 2019 29 7 Pub_OldID 0 29 8 30828 Magma, nr. 4, 23-32 (2019) Leif E. Hem og Nina M. Iversen Hvordan påvirker været vårt forbruk? /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 30828 30 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 4, 23-32 (2019) 30 1 Pub_Writer Leif E. Hem og Nina M. Iversen 30 2 Pub_Title Hvordan påvirker været vårt forbruk? 30 3 Pub_Publication /Files 30 4 Pub_AbstractEn 30 5 Pub_Type 3 30 6 Pub_Year 2019 30 7 Pub_OldID 0 30 8 30827 A02/19 Mathilde Ragnhildstveit and Caroline Silver The Effect of Credit Portfolio Diversification and Ownership on Banks’ Risk Exposure. A case study of the Norwegian banking market /Files/Filer/Publications/A02_19.pdf <p>In this paper we attempt to provide evidence on the effect of credit portfolio diversification in two dimensions, industrial and geographical diversification. Further, we analyze whether differences in banks' risk exposure are related to different ownership structures. We use an empirical approach and comprehensive data from the Norwegian banking market, containing annual information on 142 banks over the period 2005-2013. We measure the impact on two different variables reflecting risk in different ways; risk of insolvency by using the Z-score and banks' credit portfolio risk using the loan loss ratio. Our findings suggest that banks' choice of diversification strategy has a significant impact on banks' risk exposure. We find that increased industrial diversification reduces Norwegian banks' risk. Moreover, our findings indicate that increased geographical diversification increases banks&rsquo; risk of insolvency. We do however not find conclusive evidence suggesting that bank ownership is relevant when explaining banks&rsquo; risk exposure in the Norwegian banking market.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2019 0 PubID 30827 31 0 Pub_TypeNumber A02/19 31 1 Pub_Writer Mathilde Ragnhildstveit and Caroline Silver 31 2 Pub_Title The Effect of Credit Portfolio Diversification and Ownership on Banks’ Risk Exposure. A case study of the Norwegian banking market 31 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A02_19.pdf 31 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>In this paper we attempt to provide evidence on the effect of credit portfolio diversification in two dimensions, industrial and geographical diversification. Further, we analyze whether differences in banks' risk exposure are related to different ownership structures. We use an empirical approach and comprehensive data from the Norwegian banking market, containing annual information on 142 banks over the period 2005-2013. We measure the impact on two different variables reflecting risk in different ways; risk of insolvency by using the Z-score and banks' credit portfolio risk using the loan loss ratio. Our findings suggest that banks' choice of diversification strategy has a significant impact on banks' risk exposure. We find that increased industrial diversification reduces Norwegian banks' risk. Moreover, our findings indicate that increased geographical diversification increases banks&rsquo; risk of insolvency. We do however not find conclusive evidence suggesting that bank ownership is relevant when explaining banks&rsquo; risk exposure in the Norwegian banking market.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 31 5 Pub_Type 1 31 6 Pub_Year 2019 31 7 Pub_OldID 0 31 8 30826 Motivation and Emotion (2019) Hallgeir Sjåstad og Roy F. Baumeister Moral self-judgment is stronger for future than past actions /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 30826 32 0 Pub_TypeNumber Motivation and Emotion (2019) 32 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad og Roy F. Baumeister 32 2 Pub_Title Moral self-judgment is stronger for future than past actions 32 3 Pub_Publication /Files 32 4 Pub_AbstractEn 32 5 Pub_Type 3 32 6 Pub_Year 2019 32 7 Pub_OldID 0 32 8 29826 A10/18 Kurt R. Brekke, Chiara Canta, Luigi Siciliani and Odd Rune Straume Hospital Competition in the National Health Service: Evidence from a Patient Choice Reform /Files/Filer/Publications/A10_18.pdf <p>We study the impact of exposing hospitals in a National Health Service (NHS) to non-price competition by exploiting a patient choice reform in Norway in 2001. The reform facilitates a difference-in-difference research design due to geographical variation in the scope for competition. Using rich administrative data covering the universe of NHS hospital admissions from 1998 to 2005, we find that hospitals in more competitive areas have a sharper reduction in AMI mortality, readmissions, and length of stay than hospitals in less competitive areas. These results indicate that competition improves patient health outcomes and hospital cost efficiency, even in the Norwegian NHS with large distances, low fixed treatment prices, and mainly public hospitals.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29826 33 0 Pub_TypeNumber A10/18 33 1 Pub_Writer Kurt R. Brekke, Chiara Canta, Luigi Siciliani and Odd Rune Straume 33 2 Pub_Title Hospital Competition in the National Health Service: Evidence from a Patient Choice Reform 33 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A10_18.pdf 33 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>We study the impact of exposing hospitals in a National Health Service (NHS) to non-price competition by exploiting a patient choice reform in Norway in 2001. The reform facilitates a difference-in-difference research design due to geographical variation in the scope for competition. Using rich administrative data covering the universe of NHS hospital admissions from 1998 to 2005, we find that hospitals in more competitive areas have a sharper reduction in AMI mortality, readmissions, and length of stay than hospitals in less competitive areas. These results indicate that competition improves patient health outcomes and hospital cost efficiency, even in the Norwegian NHS with large distances, low fixed treatment prices, and mainly public hospitals.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 33 5 Pub_Type 1 33 6 Pub_Year 2018 33 7 Pub_OldID 0 33 8 29825 R02/19 Stein Ivar Steinshamn Ressursrentebeskatning i fiskeri: Kunnskapsstatus, samt erfaringer fra andre fiskerinasjoner /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_19.pdf 2 2019 0 PubID 29825 34 0 Pub_TypeNumber R02/19 34 1 Pub_Writer Stein Ivar Steinshamn 34 2 Pub_Title Ressursrentebeskatning i fiskeri: Kunnskapsstatus, samt erfaringer fra andre fiskerinasjoner 34 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_19.pdf 34 4 Pub_AbstractEn 34 5 Pub_Type 2 34 6 Pub_Year 2019 34 7 Pub_OldID 0 34 8 29824 Judgment and Decision Making, 14(2), 199-213 (2019) Hallgeir Sjåstad Short-sighted greed? Focusing on the future promotes reputation-based generosity /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29824 35 0 Pub_TypeNumber Judgment and Decision Making, 14(2), 199-213 (2019) 35 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad 35 2 Pub_Title Short-sighted greed? Focusing on the future promotes reputation-based generosity 35 3 Pub_Publication /Files 35 4 Pub_AbstractEn 35 5 Pub_Type 3 35 6 Pub_Year 2019 35 7 Pub_OldID 0 35 8 29823 Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift, 35(1), 28-50 (2019) Torstein Nesheim, Leif Jarle Gressgård, Kåre Hansen og Simon Neby Gjenstridige problemer og tverretatlig samordning: Et analytisk rammeverk /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift_Nesheim mfl.pdf 3 2019 0 PubID 29823 36 0 Pub_TypeNumber Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift, 35(1), 28-50 (2019) 36 1 Pub_Writer Torstein Nesheim, Leif Jarle Gressgård, Kåre Hansen og Simon Neby 36 2 Pub_Title Gjenstridige problemer og tverretatlig samordning: Et analytisk rammeverk 36 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift_Nesheim mfl.pdf 36 4 Pub_AbstractEn 36 5 Pub_Type 3 36 6 Pub_Year 2019 36 7 Pub_OldID 0 36 8 29820 Journal of Consumer Marketing (2019) Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen, Hege Mathea Haugen and Njål Sivertstøl Developing brand emotions across cultures: effects of self-construal and context /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29820 37 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Consumer Marketing (2019) 37 1 Pub_Writer Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen, Hege Mathea Haugen and Njål Sivertstøl 37 2 Pub_Title Developing brand emotions across cultures: effects of self-construal and context 37 3 Pub_Publication /Files 37 4 Pub_AbstractEn 37 5 Pub_Type 3 37 6 Pub_Year 2019 37 7 Pub_OldID 0 37 8 29819 A01/19 Frank Asche og Kristin H. Roll Økt drivstoffpris – konsekvenser for den norske fiskeflåten? /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_19.pdf 1 2019 0 PubID 29819 38 0 Pub_TypeNumber A01/19 38 1 Pub_Writer Frank Asche og Kristin H. Roll 38 2 Pub_Title Økt drivstoffpris – konsekvenser for den norske fiskeflåten? 38 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_19.pdf 38 4 Pub_AbstractEn 38 5 Pub_Type 1 38 6 Pub_Year 2019 38 7 Pub_OldID 0 38 8 29818 R01/19 Frank Asche og Kristin H. Roll Økonomiske konsekvenser av økt drivstoffpris for utvalgte segmenter av norsk fiskeflåte /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_19.pdf 2 2019 0 PubID 29818 39 0 Pub_TypeNumber R01/19 39 1 Pub_Writer Frank Asche og Kristin H. Roll 39 2 Pub_Title Økonomiske konsekvenser av økt drivstoffpris for utvalgte segmenter av norsk fiskeflåte 39 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_19.pdf 39 4 Pub_AbstractEn 39 5 Pub_Type 2 39 6 Pub_Year 2019 39 7 Pub_OldID 0 39 8 29817 International Journal of Market Research (2019) Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen, Alexander Fedorikhin, Hege Mathea Haugen and Njål Sivertstøl Elicitation of salient brand emotions in Western and East Asian markets: The role of elicitation context /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29817 40 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Journal of Market Research (2019) 40 1 Pub_Writer Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen, Alexander Fedorikhin, Hege Mathea Haugen and Njål Sivertstøl 40 2 Pub_Title Elicitation of salient brand emotions in Western and East Asian markets: The role of elicitation context 40 3 Pub_Publication /Files 40 4 Pub_AbstractEn 40 5 Pub_Type 3 40 6 Pub_Year 2019 40 7 Pub_OldID 0 40 8 29816 Small Business Economics (2019) Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge and Armando José Garcia Pires Gender, Formality, and Entrepreneurial Success /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29816 41 0 Pub_TypeNumber Small Business Economics (2019) 41 1 Pub_Writer Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge and Armando José Garcia Pires 41 2 Pub_Title Gender, Formality, and Entrepreneurial Success 41 3 Pub_Publication /Files 41 4 Pub_AbstractEn 41 5 Pub_Type 3 41 6 Pub_Year 2019 41 7 Pub_OldID 0 41 8 29815 Magma, nr. 2, 22-28 (2019) Kjersti Berg Danilova, Monica Rydland, Jon Iden og Bendik Bygstad Digitaldirektøren som endringsagent /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29815 42 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 2, 22-28 (2019) 42 1 Pub_Writer Kjersti Berg Danilova, Monica Rydland, Jon Iden og Bendik Bygstad 42 2 Pub_Title Digitaldirektøren som endringsagent 42 3 Pub_Publication /Files 42 4 Pub_AbstractEn 42 5 Pub_Type 3 42 6 Pub_Year 2019 42 7 Pub_OldID 0 42 8 29814 A07/18 Øystein Foros, Hans Jarle Kind and Mai Nguyen-Ones Competition with Personalized Pricing and Strategic Product Differentiation /Files/Filer/Publications/A07_18.pdf <p>Consumers leave increasingly more digital footprints that improve firms&rsquo; ability to practice personalized pricing (first-degree price discrimination). We ask whether there exist strategic effects that reduce firms&rsquo; incentives to do so. To answer this question, we first note that it is optimal for a firm that price discriminates to set the purchasing price equal to marginal costs from consumers who buy from a rival. This is true independently of whether the rival has made any non-price commitments (e.g. strategic product differentiation). In contrast, if a firm uses uniform pricing, the rival has incentives to make strategic commitments that soften competition. Consequently, we find that firms might find it optimal to commit to uniform pricing to avoid being trapped in a highly competitive equilibrium. The key insight is that a firm&rsquo;s incentives to undertake strategic price-softening behavior depend on the rival&rsquo;s choice between uniform and personalized pricing, and not the firm&rsquo;s own choice.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29814 43 0 Pub_TypeNumber A07/18 43 1 Pub_Writer Øystein Foros, Hans Jarle Kind and Mai Nguyen-Ones 43 2 Pub_Title Competition with Personalized Pricing and Strategic Product Differentiation 43 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A07_18.pdf 43 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Consumers leave increasingly more digital footprints that improve firms&rsquo; ability to practice personalized pricing (first-degree price discrimination). We ask whether there exist strategic effects that reduce firms&rsquo; incentives to do so. To answer this question, we first note that it is optimal for a firm that price discriminates to set the purchasing price equal to marginal costs from consumers who buy from a rival. This is true independently of whether the rival has made any non-price commitments (e.g. strategic product differentiation). In contrast, if a firm uses uniform pricing, the rival has incentives to make strategic commitments that soften competition. Consequently, we find that firms might find it optimal to commit to uniform pricing to avoid being trapped in a highly competitive equilibrium. The key insight is that a firm&rsquo;s incentives to undertake strategic price-softening behavior depend on the rival&rsquo;s choice between uniform and personalized pricing, and not the firm&rsquo;s own choice.</p> 43 5 Pub_Type 1 43 6 Pub_Year 2018 43 7 Pub_OldID 0 43 8 29813 R01/18 Eirik Vatne Sysselsetting i petroleumsvirksomhet 2017. Omfang og lokalisering av ansatte i oljeselskap og den spesialiserte leverandørindustrien /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_18_(1).pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29813 44 0 Pub_TypeNumber R01/18 44 1 Pub_Writer Eirik Vatne 44 2 Pub_Title Sysselsetting i petroleumsvirksomhet 2017. Omfang og lokalisering av ansatte i oljeselskap og den spesialiserte leverandørindustrien 44 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_18_(1).pdf 44 4 Pub_AbstractEn 44 5 Pub_Type 2 44 6 Pub_Year 2018 44 7 Pub_OldID 0 44 8 29812 Aquaculture Economics & Management, 22(4), 383-409 (2018) Andrew S. King, Nicholas G. Elliott, Mark A. James, Catriona K. MacLeod and Trond Bjørndal Technology selection - the impact of economic risk on decision making /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29812 45 0 Pub_TypeNumber Aquaculture Economics & Management, 22(4), 383-409 (2018) 45 1 Pub_Writer Andrew S. King, Nicholas G. Elliott, Mark A. James, Catriona K. MacLeod and Trond Bjørndal 45 2 Pub_Title Technology selection - the impact of economic risk on decision making 45 3 Pub_Publication /Files 45 4 Pub_AbstractEn 45 5 Pub_Type 3 45 6 Pub_Year 2018 45 7 Pub_OldID 0 45 8 29811 The Economic Journal (2018) Ari Hyytinen, Frode Steen and Otto Toivanen An Anatomy of Cartel Contracts /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29811 46 0 Pub_TypeNumber The Economic Journal (2018) 46 1 Pub_Writer Ari Hyytinen, Frode Steen and Otto Toivanen 46 2 Pub_Title An Anatomy of Cartel Contracts 46 3 Pub_Publication /Files 46 4 Pub_AbstractEn 46 5 Pub_Type 3 46 6 Pub_Year 2018 46 7 Pub_OldID 0 46 8 29808 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2019) Roar Os Ådland and Haiying Jia Contractual Barriers and Energy Efficiency in the Crude Oil Supply Chain /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29808 47 0 Pub_TypeNumber 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2019) 47 1 Pub_Writer Roar Os Ådland and Haiying Jia 47 2 Pub_Title Contractual Barriers and Energy Efficiency in the Crude Oil Supply Chain 47 3 Pub_Publication /Files 47 4 Pub_AbstractEn 47 5 Pub_Type 3 47 6 Pub_Year 2019 47 7 Pub_OldID 0 47 8 29807 A08/18 Ingeborg Louise Gustavsen and Mathias Hove Zimmer A comparison of the Big Four Professional Service Firms /Files/Filer/Publications/A08_18.pdf <p>This working paper provides a description of the Big Four Professional Service Firms (PSF): PwC, EY, KPMG and Deloitte. The working paper is based on publicly available information. It provides an overview of the Big Four PSFs, including their history, revenue, values, services and industries. The working paper describes the four PSFs according to the following topics: organization, recruitment, way of working, technology, corporate social responsibility, and alliances and clients. Overall, the paper offers a brief overview on how the PSFs create value.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29807 48 0 Pub_TypeNumber A08/18 48 1 Pub_Writer Ingeborg Louise Gustavsen and Mathias Hove Zimmer 48 2 Pub_Title A comparison of the Big Four Professional Service Firms 48 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A08_18.pdf 48 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This working paper provides a description of the Big Four Professional Service Firms (PSF): PwC, EY, KPMG and Deloitte. The working paper is based on publicly available information. It provides an overview of the Big Four PSFs, including their history, revenue, values, services and industries. The working paper describes the four PSFs according to the following topics: organization, recruitment, way of working, technology, corporate social responsibility, and alliances and clients. Overall, the paper offers a brief overview on how the PSFs create value.</p> 48 5 Pub_Type 1 48 6 Pub_Year 2018 48 7 Pub_OldID 0 48 8 29806 Facilities (2018) Arnt O. Hopland and Sturla Kvamsdal Building conditions in Norwegian local governments: trends and determinants /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29806 49 0 Pub_TypeNumber Facilities (2018) 49 1 Pub_Writer Arnt O. Hopland and Sturla Kvamsdal 49 2 Pub_Title Building conditions in Norwegian local governments: trends and determinants 49 3 Pub_Publication /Files 49 4 Pub_AbstractEn 49 5 Pub_Type 3 49 6 Pub_Year 2018 49 7 Pub_OldID 0 49 8