Siste publikasjoner

41034 European Journal of Epidemiology (2022) Hans K. Hvide and Julian Johnsen COVID-19 and mental health: a longitudinal population study from Norway /Files 3 2022 0 PubID 41034 0 0 Pub_TypeNumber European Journal of Epidemiology (2022) 0 1 Pub_Writer Hans K. Hvide and Julian Johnsen 0 2 Pub_Title COVID-19 and mental health: a longitudinal population study from Norway 0 3 Pub_Publication /Files 0 4 Pub_AbstractEn 0 5 Pub_Type 3 0 6 Pub_Year 2022 0 7 Pub_OldID 0 0 8 41033 R13/21 Simran Kaur Virdee Transitioning to the New Normal. How has the transition to a virtual workplace been and how do employees handle working full-time in virtual teams? /Files/Filer/Publications/R13_21.pdf his thesis seeks to explore how virtual teams experienced the transition to a virtual workplace and how they managed working full-time under extraordinary circumstances that caused them to work virtually involuntarily. The research was conducted qualitatively in the setting of a medium-sized established Norwegian company within the digital marketing sector. The use of data through observations and semi-structured interviews aim to shed light on the aforementioned research problem in relation to broader literature on virtual teamwork. In the first section, the study identified how the virtual transition was experienced in the early phase, and with already established digital tools and equipment, the study showed that team members characterize it as having less difficulties and being more comfortable. The study also noted that virtual teamwork results in a greater physical distance from other team members, resulting in challenges with maintaining communication and building new relationships. Moreover, the study uncovered the fact that early formation of face-to-face contact and familiarity remains important for building trust. However, it was also seen that frequent communication and audio-visual communication technologies can help deliver more personal meeting experiences and thus increase the presence of social cohesion and trust within virtual teams. In the study’s second section, the key challenges and benefits that the established firm obtained by working virtually were identified. In this regard, challenges related to the lack of informal communication and social interactions were found to be significant in terms of team member’s relations and wellbeing. Additionally, this research found that the virtual working environment poses new ways of working in regard to higher flexibility, but also blurs the lines between personal and work domains in which controlling the new era of work and staying motivated becomes more challenging to manage. 2 2021 0 PubID 41033 1 0 Pub_TypeNumber R13/21 1 1 Pub_Writer Simran Kaur Virdee 1 2 Pub_Title Transitioning to the New Normal. How has the transition to a virtual workplace been and how do employees handle working full-time in virtual teams? 1 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R13_21.pdf 1 4 Pub_AbstractEn his thesis seeks to explore how virtual teams experienced the transition to a virtual workplace and how they managed working full-time under extraordinary circumstances that caused them to work virtually involuntarily. The research was conducted qualitatively in the setting of a medium-sized established Norwegian company within the digital marketing sector. The use of data through observations and semi-structured interviews aim to shed light on the aforementioned research problem in relation to broader literature on virtual teamwork. In the first section, the study identified how the virtual transition was experienced in the early phase, and with already established digital tools and equipment, the study showed that team members characterize it as having less difficulties and being more comfortable. The study also noted that virtual teamwork results in a greater physical distance from other team members, resulting in challenges with maintaining communication and building new relationships. Moreover, the study uncovered the fact that early formation of face-to-face contact and familiarity remains important for building trust. However, it was also seen that frequent communication and audio-visual communication technologies can help deliver more personal meeting experiences and thus increase the presence of social cohesion and trust within virtual teams. In the study’s second section, the key challenges and benefits that the established firm obtained by working virtually were identified. In this regard, challenges related to the lack of informal communication and social interactions were found to be significant in terms of team member’s relations and wellbeing. Additionally, this research found that the virtual working environment poses new ways of working in regard to higher flexibility, but also blurs the lines between personal and work domains in which controlling the new era of work and staying motivated becomes more challenging to manage. 1 5 Pub_Type 2 1 6 Pub_Year 2021 1 7 Pub_OldID 0 1 8 41032 R12/21 Endri Aliçkaj The Role of Leadership in Managing Tensions and Ambivalence in a Coopetitive Innovation Strategy. A Case Study from the Insurance Industry /Files/Filer/Publications/R12_21.pdf n today’s dynamic, competitive, and complex business world, cooperating with your competitor is increasingly used as a firm-strategy to achieve innovation. However, such a relationship, known as coopetition, is paradoxical, as it involves firms cooperating and competing at the same time, creating paradoxical tensions. While prior literature has proposed different approaches to manage coopetitive relationships, such as juridical and structural solutions, a framework that explains the role of leadership in managing these tensions in interfirm coopetitive relationships is missing. To bridge this gap, I carry out an inductive study interviewing leaders in three firms in the Fintech industry, participating in an insurance industry coopetitive project. Drawing on grounded theory and temporal mapping, I examine how leaders manage the tension present in coopetitive relationships and the emotional ambivalence arising from it. The findings demonstrate the tensions and ambivalence experienced by leaders, represented by different and dynamic emotional trajectories in each firm. Further, the findings show how leaders throughout these trajectories manage tensions by engaging in specific leadership functions. This in turn appears to influence how the leaders perceive the coopetitive relationships as well as innovation outcome potential. Based on these findings, I propose that leadership plays a significant role in achieving the desired outcomes of inter-firm competitive relationships. I develop a model that explains how emotional ambivalence caused by paradoxical tension affects the emotional state of leaders, and how leaders engage in specific functions aimed at managing such states, which in turn influences sustaining inter-firm relationships, and ultimately innovation potential. The findings have theoretical implications for research on organization paradoxes arising from coopetition, and practical implications for leaders responsible for the success of coopetition projects. Keywords: coopetition; paradoxical tension; emotional ambivalence; leadership; innovation 2 2021 0 PubID 41032 2 0 Pub_TypeNumber R12/21 2 1 Pub_Writer Endri Aliçkaj 2 2 Pub_Title The Role of Leadership in Managing Tensions and Ambivalence in a Coopetitive Innovation Strategy. A Case Study from the Insurance Industry 2 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R12_21.pdf 2 4 Pub_AbstractEn n today’s dynamic, competitive, and complex business world, cooperating with your competitor is increasingly used as a firm-strategy to achieve innovation. However, such a relationship, known as coopetition, is paradoxical, as it involves firms cooperating and competing at the same time, creating paradoxical tensions. While prior literature has proposed different approaches to manage coopetitive relationships, such as juridical and structural solutions, a framework that explains the role of leadership in managing these tensions in interfirm coopetitive relationships is missing. To bridge this gap, I carry out an inductive study interviewing leaders in three firms in the Fintech industry, participating in an insurance industry coopetitive project. Drawing on grounded theory and temporal mapping, I examine how leaders manage the tension present in coopetitive relationships and the emotional ambivalence arising from it. The findings demonstrate the tensions and ambivalence experienced by leaders, represented by different and dynamic emotional trajectories in each firm. Further, the findings show how leaders throughout these trajectories manage tensions by engaging in specific leadership functions. This in turn appears to influence how the leaders perceive the coopetitive relationships as well as innovation outcome potential. Based on these findings, I propose that leadership plays a significant role in achieving the desired outcomes of inter-firm competitive relationships. I develop a model that explains how emotional ambivalence caused by paradoxical tension affects the emotional state of leaders, and how leaders engage in specific functions aimed at managing such states, which in turn influences sustaining inter-firm relationships, and ultimately innovation potential. The findings have theoretical implications for research on organization paradoxes arising from coopetition, and practical implications for leaders responsible for the success of coopetition projects. Keywords: coopetition; paradoxical tension; emotional ambivalence; leadership; innovation 2 5 Pub_Type 2 2 6 Pub_Year 2021 2 7 Pub_OldID 0 2 8 41031 R11/21 Sizhu Chen A Leadership Perspective: Navigating the Coopetition Paradox to foster Innovation in the Insurance Industry /Files/Filer/Publications/R11_21.pdf Leadership plays an important role in a coopetitive innovation strategy. However, the coopetitive interfirm relationship is paradoxical as it involves competing and cooperating simultaneously, where leaders are expected to navigate the paradoxical tensions for success. The current literature has examined this relationship but has not focused on the role of leadership. Particularly, to date, limited research has compared the functions performed by leaders at different levels in an organization. By examining how strategic versus operational leaders navigate paradoxical tensions in coopetitive relations, this thesis begins to bridge this gap. To explore this I use an explorative, case-based qualitative study in the insurance industry involving three companies pursuing a fraud detection project within the Finance Innovation Cluster. Using semistructured interviews, I examine operational and strategic leadership functions using grounded theory and thematic mapping strategies. The findings show that both strategic and operational leaders navigate paradoxical tensions and the emotional ambivalence arising from it, as experienced by the leaders, their subordinates, and in their coopetitive relationships. However, there is a difference in how leaders act to manage this. While strategic leaders tend to be aware of paradoxes by working to neutralize the emotional ambivalence of coopetition, operational leaders rely on enhancing the positive emotions present in emotional ambivalence. Further, strategic leaders are devoted to capturing value, using a transparadox mindset, whereas operational leaders attempt to create value using a paradox-blurring mindset. The findings contribute to the understanding of leadership roles, as well as how leaders at different levels navigate and balance paradoxical tensions in coopetitive interfirm relationships different ways to attempt to succeed in fostering innovation. 2 2021 0 PubID 41031 3 0 Pub_TypeNumber R11/21 3 1 Pub_Writer Sizhu Chen 3 2 Pub_Title A Leadership Perspective: Navigating the Coopetition Paradox to foster Innovation in the Insurance Industry 3 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R11_21.pdf 3 4 Pub_AbstractEn Leadership plays an important role in a coopetitive innovation strategy. However, the coopetitive interfirm relationship is paradoxical as it involves competing and cooperating simultaneously, where leaders are expected to navigate the paradoxical tensions for success. The current literature has examined this relationship but has not focused on the role of leadership. Particularly, to date, limited research has compared the functions performed by leaders at different levels in an organization. By examining how strategic versus operational leaders navigate paradoxical tensions in coopetitive relations, this thesis begins to bridge this gap. To explore this I use an explorative, case-based qualitative study in the insurance industry involving three companies pursuing a fraud detection project within the Finance Innovation Cluster. Using semistructured interviews, I examine operational and strategic leadership functions using grounded theory and thematic mapping strategies. The findings show that both strategic and operational leaders navigate paradoxical tensions and the emotional ambivalence arising from it, as experienced by the leaders, their subordinates, and in their coopetitive relationships. However, there is a difference in how leaders act to manage this. While strategic leaders tend to be aware of paradoxes by working to neutralize the emotional ambivalence of coopetition, operational leaders rely on enhancing the positive emotions present in emotional ambivalence. Further, strategic leaders are devoted to capturing value, using a transparadox mindset, whereas operational leaders attempt to create value using a paradox-blurring mindset. The findings contribute to the understanding of leadership roles, as well as how leaders at different levels navigate and balance paradoxical tensions in coopetitive interfirm relationships different ways to attempt to succeed in fostering innovation. 3 5 Pub_Type 2 3 6 Pub_Year 2021 3 7 Pub_OldID 0 3 8 41030 R10/21 Natalie Hellesø Milde and Martine Kjenstad Prosocially motivated innovative team behaviour and the sincerity of an organisational mission /Files/Filer/Publications/R10_21.pdf Little is known about how mission-driven organisations can facilitate innovative behaviour in prosocially motivated teams. We seek to understand how the sincerity of a firm’s prosocial mission, as it is perceived by employees, moderates the impact of prosocial motivation on innovative behaviour in teams. To test our model, we conduct hierarchical ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses in a multinational mission-driven organisation. With a sample of 122 employee teams and supervisors in a multinational health corporation, we find that neither prosocial motivation nor perceived sincerity alone is sufficient to promote innovative behaviour at the team level. Interestingly, however, the key finding of our study is that when teams simultaneously display high levels of prosocial motivation and perceive the prosocial mission as sincere, the level of innovative behaviour is higher. Our results have practical implications for recruitment and selection processes as well as internal activities within organisations to promote innovative behaviour. 2 2021 0 PubID 41030 4 0 Pub_TypeNumber R10/21 4 1 Pub_Writer Natalie Hellesø Milde and Martine Kjenstad 4 2 Pub_Title Prosocially motivated innovative team behaviour and the sincerity of an organisational mission 4 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R10_21.pdf 4 4 Pub_AbstractEn Little is known about how mission-driven organisations can facilitate innovative behaviour in prosocially motivated teams. We seek to understand how the sincerity of a firm’s prosocial mission, as it is perceived by employees, moderates the impact of prosocial motivation on innovative behaviour in teams. To test our model, we conduct hierarchical ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses in a multinational mission-driven organisation. With a sample of 122 employee teams and supervisors in a multinational health corporation, we find that neither prosocial motivation nor perceived sincerity alone is sufficient to promote innovative behaviour at the team level. Interestingly, however, the key finding of our study is that when teams simultaneously display high levels of prosocial motivation and perceive the prosocial mission as sincere, the level of innovative behaviour is higher. Our results have practical implications for recruitment and selection processes as well as internal activities within organisations to promote innovative behaviour. 4 5 Pub_Type 2 4 6 Pub_Year 2021 4 7 Pub_OldID 0 4 8 41029 R09/21 Helene Vølen Koppen og Fredrik Tonning Agil arbeidsmetode under en pandemi. En eksplorerende casestudie om hvordan agil arbeidsmetode utføres under en pandemi /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_21.pdf 2 2021 0 PubID 41029 5 0 Pub_TypeNumber R09/21 5 1 Pub_Writer Helene Vølen Koppen og Fredrik Tonning 5 2 Pub_Title Agil arbeidsmetode under en pandemi. En eksplorerende casestudie om hvordan agil arbeidsmetode utføres under en pandemi 5 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_21.pdf 5 4 Pub_AbstractEn 5 5 Pub_Type 2 5 6 Pub_Year 2021 5 7 Pub_OldID 0 5 8 41028 R08/21 Johanne G. Hagelin and Stine H. Sætre The Functions of Leadership in Managing Paradoxical Tensions in Coopetitive Interfirm Strategies. A Qualitative Case Study from the Fintech Industry /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_21.pdf The term coopetition describes a situation where companies cooperate and compete with one another at the same time, typically to achieve innovation. However, the simultaneous pursuit of cooperation and competition between firms create a paradox in the relationship, which in turn has the potential to cause tensions. The field of research about different aspects of coopetition and the paradoxical tensions that could arise is nascent, and particularly the research on how the individual leader can manage these tensions is limited. In particular, this study looks further into the emotional ambivalence leaders may experience when exposed to paradoxical tensions while participating in coopetitive relationships. We seek to explore the research question: How do leaders manage paradoxical tensions in the different phases of a coopetitive project? Our study is a qualitative case study of a coopetition project initiated by the NCE Finance Innovation Cluster in response to the PSD2-regulations imposed by the EU. Drawing upon seven semi-structured interviews, the data analysis reveals leadership behaviors critical for sustaining a coopetitive relationship, particularly in high-tension phases. We first identify three critical tension points and then key emotional-relational and task-performance leadership behaviors that leaders engage in to manage the emotional ambiguity that arises from the paradoxical tensions. Lastly, we examine a possible relationship between leadership and the exploitation of a project’s innovation potential. Even though the Covid-19 pandemic made it impossible to conduct in-person interviews, and the project was ended two years before we collected the data, we were able to establish trusting contacts with informants to gather rich data. Trough our research we contribute with new insights to how functional leadership can sustain a coopetitive relationship by managing paradoxical tensions in different phases of the project when engaging in a coopetitive interfirm innovation strategy. A practical implication is the importance of leadership in sustaining a coopetitive relationship, not only to foster coopetition success but also for achieving the project’s innovation potential. Keywords: Coopetition; innovation; leadership; interpersonal tensions; paradox 2 2021 0 PubID 41028 6 0 Pub_TypeNumber R08/21 6 1 Pub_Writer Johanne G. Hagelin and Stine H. Sætre 6 2 Pub_Title The Functions of Leadership in Managing Paradoxical Tensions in Coopetitive Interfirm Strategies. A Qualitative Case Study from the Fintech Industry 6 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_21.pdf 6 4 Pub_AbstractEn The term coopetition describes a situation where companies cooperate and compete with one another at the same time, typically to achieve innovation. However, the simultaneous pursuit of cooperation and competition between firms create a paradox in the relationship, which in turn has the potential to cause tensions. The field of research about different aspects of coopetition and the paradoxical tensions that could arise is nascent, and particularly the research on how the individual leader can manage these tensions is limited. In particular, this study looks further into the emotional ambivalence leaders may experience when exposed to paradoxical tensions while participating in coopetitive relationships. We seek to explore the research question: How do leaders manage paradoxical tensions in the different phases of a coopetitive project? Our study is a qualitative case study of a coopetition project initiated by the NCE Finance Innovation Cluster in response to the PSD2-regulations imposed by the EU. Drawing upon seven semi-structured interviews, the data analysis reveals leadership behaviors critical for sustaining a coopetitive relationship, particularly in high-tension phases. We first identify three critical tension points and then key emotional-relational and task-performance leadership behaviors that leaders engage in to manage the emotional ambiguity that arises from the paradoxical tensions. Lastly, we examine a possible relationship between leadership and the exploitation of a project’s innovation potential. Even though the Covid-19 pandemic made it impossible to conduct in-person interviews, and the project was ended two years before we collected the data, we were able to establish trusting contacts with informants to gather rich data. Trough our research we contribute with new insights to how functional leadership can sustain a coopetitive relationship by managing paradoxical tensions in different phases of the project when engaging in a coopetitive interfirm innovation strategy. A practical implication is the importance of leadership in sustaining a coopetitive relationship, not only to foster coopetition success but also for achieving the project’s innovation potential. Keywords: Coopetition; innovation; leadership; interpersonal tensions; paradox 6 5 Pub_Type 2 6 6 Pub_Year 2021 6 7 Pub_OldID 0 6 8 41027 R06/21 Iselin Førland og Sara Klemp Agil organisering i et komplekst selskap med store avhengigheter. En kvalitativ casestudie om agil organisering i et veletablert finanskonsern /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_21.pdf 2 2021 0 PubID 41027 7 0 Pub_TypeNumber R06/21 7 1 Pub_Writer Iselin Førland og Sara Klemp 7 2 Pub_Title Agil organisering i et komplekst selskap med store avhengigheter. En kvalitativ casestudie om agil organisering i et veletablert finanskonsern 7 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_21.pdf 7 4 Pub_AbstractEn 7 5 Pub_Type 2 7 6 Pub_Year 2021 7 7 Pub_OldID 0 7 8 41026 R05/21 Victor Antonio Ruiz Bergerskogen Organizational Legitimacy in Innovation Units with Radical Mandates. An exploratory case study unpacking the role of New Tech Lab in the DNB organization /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_21.pdf This thesis aims to explore how innovation units with radical mandates work to achieve organizational legitimacy. The context for the study is the Norwegian banking institution DNB and its innovation unit New Tech Lab. Interviews with New Tech Lab members and other DNB employees were used as the basis for the research and the findings of this research are presented and considered in relation to the existing literature on organizational ambidexterity and radical innovation. The findings of the research project suggest that three main factors affect the legitimacy of these units – structural requirements, actions by the unit, and distractions. The findings are used to create a framework that shows the relationships between these factors and outlines the importance of elements such as managerial support, autonomy, and clear innovation mandates, as well as identifying the core behaviors that support the legitimacy of these units. The research also uncovers two challenges that may arise as a result of efforts to establish legitimacy, that may in fact undermine the legitimacy of the innovative unit. One key finding of this thesis is the importance of the innovative unit’s ability to provide tangible value that is visible to the members of the organization. The thesis finds that by engaging in activities and collaborations that create value for the main organization, radical innovation units can generate attitudes and relationships that support their legitimacy in the organization. While the majority of the findings in this thesis are in alignment with existing research on organizational ambidexterity and radical innovation, virtually no prior research on the topic of internal organizational legitimacy has been done. This thesis establishes a point of departure for future research projects on the topic and proposes a new perspective on the concept of establishing internal legitimacy within organizations. 2 2021 0 PubID 41026 8 0 Pub_TypeNumber R05/21 8 1 Pub_Writer Victor Antonio Ruiz Bergerskogen 8 2 Pub_Title Organizational Legitimacy in Innovation Units with Radical Mandates. An exploratory case study unpacking the role of New Tech Lab in the DNB organization 8 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_21.pdf 8 4 Pub_AbstractEn This thesis aims to explore how innovation units with radical mandates work to achieve organizational legitimacy. The context for the study is the Norwegian banking institution DNB and its innovation unit New Tech Lab. Interviews with New Tech Lab members and other DNB employees were used as the basis for the research and the findings of this research are presented and considered in relation to the existing literature on organizational ambidexterity and radical innovation. The findings of the research project suggest that three main factors affect the legitimacy of these units – structural requirements, actions by the unit, and distractions. The findings are used to create a framework that shows the relationships between these factors and outlines the importance of elements such as managerial support, autonomy, and clear innovation mandates, as well as identifying the core behaviors that support the legitimacy of these units. The research also uncovers two challenges that may arise as a result of efforts to establish legitimacy, that may in fact undermine the legitimacy of the innovative unit. One key finding of this thesis is the importance of the innovative unit’s ability to provide tangible value that is visible to the members of the organization. The thesis finds that by engaging in activities and collaborations that create value for the main organization, radical innovation units can generate attitudes and relationships that support their legitimacy in the organization. While the majority of the findings in this thesis are in alignment with existing research on organizational ambidexterity and radical innovation, virtually no prior research on the topic of internal organizational legitimacy has been done. This thesis establishes a point of departure for future research projects on the topic and proposes a new perspective on the concept of establishing internal legitimacy within organizations. 8 5 Pub_Type 2 8 6 Pub_Year 2021 8 7 Pub_OldID 0 8 8 41025 R04/21 Claudia Zamarian How public bodies deal with technological uncertainty over time. An exploratory analysis through dynamic capabilities lenses /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_21.pdf The public actors are not exempt by the technological uncertainty, which increasingly affects both the private and public sector. Public organizations, and private actors, handle such uncertainty by deploying dynamic capabilities, which are defined as the ability of an organization to adapt to change (Teece et al., 1997; Schoemaker et al., 2018). This study wants to investigate how public organizations deal with technological uncertainty through dynamic capabilities. In particular, it highlights the effect of time on the development of sensing, seizing, and transforming capabilities and what are the elements that inhibit and enhance technological development. This thesis consists of an exploratory study, adopting a case study strategy, and investigates how public organizations deal with technological uncertainty over time. The Norwegian Tax Administration is the case company participating in this research. First, a review of the literature on dynamic capabilities and technological development has been performed to gain more knowledge on the topic. Subsequently, primary qualitative data have been collected through semi-structured interviews and secondary qualitative data through the company’s reports that were later analysed with coding techniques. The research consisted of an iterative process in which the information gained through the data collection served to refine the research question further. Although the literature has been utilized as the theoretical basis for carrying out the analysis, the findings reported new insights to dynamic capabilities theory. The empirical findings report that sensing, seizing, and transforming capabilities change over time. The organization increases and strengthens the stock of dynamic capabilities over time, and it is possible to individuate elements that inhibit and enhance the development of dynamic capabilities, thus affecting the organization’s ability to deal with technological uncertainty. This thesis enriches the literature on dynamic capabilities and the public sector by investigating the topic adopting a time perspective. Moreover, this study is particularly relevant for managers of public agencies and officers of governmental bodies because it highlights the relevance of people and processes, as well as the great importance of contextual elements that affect the ability of a public organization to deal with technological uncertainty over time. 2 2021 0 PubID 41025 9 0 Pub_TypeNumber R04/21 9 1 Pub_Writer Claudia Zamarian 9 2 Pub_Title How public bodies deal with technological uncertainty over time. An exploratory analysis through dynamic capabilities lenses 9 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_21.pdf 9 4 Pub_AbstractEn The public actors are not exempt by the technological uncertainty, which increasingly affects both the private and public sector. Public organizations, and private actors, handle such uncertainty by deploying dynamic capabilities, which are defined as the ability of an organization to adapt to change (Teece et al., 1997; Schoemaker et al., 2018). This study wants to investigate how public organizations deal with technological uncertainty through dynamic capabilities. In particular, it highlights the effect of time on the development of sensing, seizing, and transforming capabilities and what are the elements that inhibit and enhance technological development. This thesis consists of an exploratory study, adopting a case study strategy, and investigates how public organizations deal with technological uncertainty over time. The Norwegian Tax Administration is the case company participating in this research. First, a review of the literature on dynamic capabilities and technological development has been performed to gain more knowledge on the topic. Subsequently, primary qualitative data have been collected through semi-structured interviews and secondary qualitative data through the company’s reports that were later analysed with coding techniques. The research consisted of an iterative process in which the information gained through the data collection served to refine the research question further. Although the literature has been utilized as the theoretical basis for carrying out the analysis, the findings reported new insights to dynamic capabilities theory. The empirical findings report that sensing, seizing, and transforming capabilities change over time. The organization increases and strengthens the stock of dynamic capabilities over time, and it is possible to individuate elements that inhibit and enhance the development of dynamic capabilities, thus affecting the organization’s ability to deal with technological uncertainty. This thesis enriches the literature on dynamic capabilities and the public sector by investigating the topic adopting a time perspective. Moreover, this study is particularly relevant for managers of public agencies and officers of governmental bodies because it highlights the relevance of people and processes, as well as the great importance of contextual elements that affect the ability of a public organization to deal with technological uncertainty over time. 9 5 Pub_Type 2 9 6 Pub_Year 2021 9 7 Pub_OldID 0 9 8 41024 R03/21 Valentina Gonzalez Båkind and Marte Valleraunet Grønli Organizational Ambidexterity as a Vehicle for Sustainability Innovation. An exploratory case study /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_21.pdf This thesis explores the question of how an established firm successfully can apply the ambidextrous solution in the context of sustainability innovation, and how it can preserve its innovation capacity over time. The qualitative case study is conducted in a European architecture firm and its associated innovation unit which was established to drive sustainability. The study first identifies the characteristics of the ambidextrous solution in the case company and finds that the solution that is applied represents an alternative approach to the ambidextrous solution. We argue and show how this may be required when the rationale for building innovation capacity is to drive sustainability, and the purpose of the innovation is to complement, rather than compete, with the services of the established. Secondly, the thesis incorporates a temporal perspective to examine what risks arise as the innovation unit develops over time and reaches maturity. We examine how emerging opportunities may be leveraged, and how challenges may be mitigated to preserve the innovation capacity and well-functioning of the relationship between the two companies. We argue that implementation of formal structures may be necessary to shield the innovation capacity over time, as well as to secure goal and value alignment between the units. Finally, the study suggests that future research should explore ambidexterity in non-competitive contexts further, as this thesis finds that this alternative approach to the ambidextrous solution may well be better suited to drive innovation when the rationale is value-based (e.g., aiming for sustainability) rather than purely driven by a financial motivation to remain competitive. 2 2021 0 PubID 41024 10 0 Pub_TypeNumber R03/21 10 1 Pub_Writer Valentina Gonzalez Båkind and Marte Valleraunet Grønli 10 2 Pub_Title Organizational Ambidexterity as a Vehicle for Sustainability Innovation. An exploratory case study 10 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_21.pdf 10 4 Pub_AbstractEn This thesis explores the question of how an established firm successfully can apply the ambidextrous solution in the context of sustainability innovation, and how it can preserve its innovation capacity over time. The qualitative case study is conducted in a European architecture firm and its associated innovation unit which was established to drive sustainability. The study first identifies the characteristics of the ambidextrous solution in the case company and finds that the solution that is applied represents an alternative approach to the ambidextrous solution. We argue and show how this may be required when the rationale for building innovation capacity is to drive sustainability, and the purpose of the innovation is to complement, rather than compete, with the services of the established. Secondly, the thesis incorporates a temporal perspective to examine what risks arise as the innovation unit develops over time and reaches maturity. We examine how emerging opportunities may be leveraged, and how challenges may be mitigated to preserve the innovation capacity and well-functioning of the relationship between the two companies. We argue that implementation of formal structures may be necessary to shield the innovation capacity over time, as well as to secure goal and value alignment between the units. Finally, the study suggests that future research should explore ambidexterity in non-competitive contexts further, as this thesis finds that this alternative approach to the ambidextrous solution may well be better suited to drive innovation when the rationale is value-based (e.g., aiming for sustainability) rather than purely driven by a financial motivation to remain competitive. 10 5 Pub_Type 2 10 6 Pub_Year 2021 10 7 Pub_OldID 0 10 8 41023 R02/21 Wiktoria Jaworska Strategic Renewal in Established Firms. Exploring Identity Processes in Structurally Ambidextrous Firms /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_21_(1).pdf The purpose of this thesis is to explore how organizational identity evolves over time in structurally ambidextrous firms. The research is based on a qualitative case study of an established firm operating in the media market in a Scandinavian country, and its three exploratory units that were separated to pursue innovation within technologies important for the future of the established firm. Based on data collected through 16 semi-structured interviews with key decision makers that were involved in the separation and reintegration events of the three exploratory units, I inductively developed a process model that illustrates how organizational identity of an ambidextrous firm evolves over time through three phases: 1. Creating space for new identity, 2. Forming distinct identity, and 3. Renewing old identity. By adopting a process approach, this study contributes to our understanding of how established firms can renew themselves and the different opportunities and challenges related to identity that may emerge over time. This study’s findings have several practical implications for managers involved in innovation and change efforts. The findings suggest that the bigger the gap between the established firm’s current identity and the identity needed to succeed with a new technology, the more separate an innovative unit should be kept, both in terms of physical location and degree of interactions with the established unit. In contrast, when the gap is not profound, the units may engage in much more interactions, share physical space, and exploit synergies from cooperation, while not compromising the innovative unit’s ability to pursue exploration. The findings further suggest that the more separate the exploratory is kept, both physically and operationally, and the more the unit manages to form an identity independent of the established unit as a result, the higher is the potential for renewal of the established firm’s old identity. However, in order to realize that potential, the exploratory unit must gain legitimacy in the eyes of the established unit and be perceived as the firm’s future, creating readiness in the established firm to redefine its old identity. As such, this study suggests structural ambidexterity as a specific managerial tool that can be used to achieve not only strategic renewal, but also identity renewal, of the established firm. 2 2021 0 PubID 41023 11 0 Pub_TypeNumber R02/21 11 1 Pub_Writer Wiktoria Jaworska 11 2 Pub_Title Strategic Renewal in Established Firms. Exploring Identity Processes in Structurally Ambidextrous Firms 11 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_21_(1).pdf 11 4 Pub_AbstractEn The purpose of this thesis is to explore how organizational identity evolves over time in structurally ambidextrous firms. The research is based on a qualitative case study of an established firm operating in the media market in a Scandinavian country, and its three exploratory units that were separated to pursue innovation within technologies important for the future of the established firm. Based on data collected through 16 semi-structured interviews with key decision makers that were involved in the separation and reintegration events of the three exploratory units, I inductively developed a process model that illustrates how organizational identity of an ambidextrous firm evolves over time through three phases: 1. Creating space for new identity, 2. Forming distinct identity, and 3. Renewing old identity. By adopting a process approach, this study contributes to our understanding of how established firms can renew themselves and the different opportunities and challenges related to identity that may emerge over time. This study’s findings have several practical implications for managers involved in innovation and change efforts. The findings suggest that the bigger the gap between the established firm’s current identity and the identity needed to succeed with a new technology, the more separate an innovative unit should be kept, both in terms of physical location and degree of interactions with the established unit. In contrast, when the gap is not profound, the units may engage in much more interactions, share physical space, and exploit synergies from cooperation, while not compromising the innovative unit’s ability to pursue exploration. The findings further suggest that the more separate the exploratory is kept, both physically and operationally, and the more the unit manages to form an identity independent of the established unit as a result, the higher is the potential for renewal of the established firm’s old identity. However, in order to realize that potential, the exploratory unit must gain legitimacy in the eyes of the established unit and be perceived as the firm’s future, creating readiness in the established firm to redefine its old identity. As such, this study suggests structural ambidexterity as a specific managerial tool that can be used to achieve not only strategic renewal, but also identity renewal, of the established firm. 11 5 Pub_Type 2 11 6 Pub_Year 2021 11 7 Pub_OldID 0 11 8 41022 Environmental and Resource Economics (2022) Sturla F. Kvamsdal Optimal Management of a Renewable Resource Under Multiple Regimes /Files 3 2022 0 PubID 41022 12 0 Pub_TypeNumber Environmental and Resource Economics (2022) 12 1 Pub_Writer Sturla F. Kvamsdal 12 2 Pub_Title Optimal Management of a Renewable Resource Under Multiple Regimes 12 3 Pub_Publication /Files 12 4 Pub_AbstractEn 12 5 Pub_Type 3 12 6 Pub_Year 2022 12 7 Pub_OldID 0 12 8 41020 A13/21 Helge Berglann, Trond Bjørndal and Francesc Maynou Eliminating Competition in Fisheries Management: The Mediterranean Case /Files/Filer/Publications/A13_21.pdf In this paper, we introduce a simple regulation scheme that might counteract the inefficiencies caused by competition between vessels in fisheries. Each fishing firm is induced to solve the same problem as a social planner. With a constant price for fish, a monopoly firm having all fishing rights might select the Maximum Economic Yield (MEY) outcome in steady state while competition between many vessels will create a competitive game where the solution is a Nash equilibrium comparable to the open access solution. With few vessels the outcome has similarities to the classic Cournot-Nash equilibrium of oligopolistic competition. 1 2021 0 PubID 41020 13 0 Pub_TypeNumber A13/21 13 1 Pub_Writer Helge Berglann, Trond Bjørndal and Francesc Maynou 13 2 Pub_Title Eliminating Competition in Fisheries Management: The Mediterranean Case 13 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A13_21.pdf 13 4 Pub_AbstractEn In this paper, we introduce a simple regulation scheme that might counteract the inefficiencies caused by competition between vessels in fisheries. Each fishing firm is induced to solve the same problem as a social planner. With a constant price for fish, a monopoly firm having all fishing rights might select the Maximum Economic Yield (MEY) outcome in steady state while competition between many vessels will create a competitive game where the solution is a Nash equilibrium comparable to the open access solution. With few vessels the outcome has similarities to the classic Cournot-Nash equilibrium of oligopolistic competition. 13 5 Pub_Type 1 13 6 Pub_Year 2021 13 7 Pub_OldID 0 13 8 41019 Journal of Applied Behavioral Science (2021) Synnøve Nesse and Inger G. Stensaker Coping, Not Choking, Under the Pressure of a Terrorist Attack: A Crisis Leadership Coping Model /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41019 14 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Applied Behavioral Science (2021) 14 1 Pub_Writer Synnøve Nesse and Inger G. Stensaker 14 2 Pub_Title Coping, Not Choking, Under the Pressure of a Terrorist Attack: A Crisis Leadership Coping Model 14 3 Pub_Publication /Files 14 4 Pub_AbstractEn 14 5 Pub_Type 3 14 6 Pub_Year 2021 14 7 Pub_OldID 0 14 8 41018 Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 59, 567-574 (2021) José Pedro Pontes and Armando José Garcia Pires A geographical theory of (De)industrialization /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41018 15 0 Pub_TypeNumber Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 59, 567-574 (2021) 15 1 Pub_Writer José Pedro Pontes and Armando José Garcia Pires 15 2 Pub_Title A geographical theory of (De)industrialization 15 3 Pub_Publication /Files 15 4 Pub_AbstractEn 15 5 Pub_Type 3 15 6 Pub_Year 2021 15 7 Pub_OldID 0 15 8 41017 Human Resource Management Journal (2021) Richard Croucher, Paul N. Gooderham and Alexander Madsen Sandvik 'Americanization' and the drivers of the establishment and use of works councils in three post-socialist countries /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41017 16 0 Pub_TypeNumber Human Resource Management Journal (2021) 16 1 Pub_Writer Richard Croucher, Paul N. Gooderham and Alexander Madsen Sandvik 16 2 Pub_Title 'Americanization' and the drivers of the establishment and use of works councils in three post-socialist countries 16 3 Pub_Publication /Files 16 4 Pub_AbstractEn 16 5 Pub_Type 3 16 6 Pub_Year 2021 16 7 Pub_OldID 0 16 8 41016 A15/21 Derek Clark, Øystein Foros and Hans Jarle Kind The influence of media attention on retail price competition /Files/Filer/Publications/A15_21.pdf Media attention on price differences between firms is common, e.g., media comparisons of supermarket grocery prices. We consider the effect of such comparisons on competition between sellers in a simple two-period spatial model. When some consumers are uninformed about current prices, media price comparisons provide information which can directly intensify competition. Furthermore, firms that do well in price comparisons can experience an increase in demand for their product over time; to what extent they reap the rewards of this by increasing prices in the future, depends on how likely they regard further price comparisons. Current media attention thus has a contemporaneous effect and an intertemporal one. Each firm is aware of this, and takes into account that due to media attention, an aggressive pricing policy may have effects similar to informative advertising in the current period and to persuasive advertising in the future. We seek to disentangle these effects on price competition in a model where media attention takes place stochastically, and in which some consumers are initially uniformed and sellers can initially have different reputations for adopting a low-price profile. Moreover, we present conditions under which media attention creates a snowball effect in which the current winner remains a low-price seller over time, and under which the victor will be expected to alternate. Both patterns are observed in practice. 1 2021 0 PubID 41016 17 0 Pub_TypeNumber A15/21 17 1 Pub_Writer Derek Clark, Øystein Foros and Hans Jarle Kind 17 2 Pub_Title The influence of media attention on retail price competition 17 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A15_21.pdf 17 4 Pub_AbstractEn Media attention on price differences between firms is common, e.g., media comparisons of supermarket grocery prices. We consider the effect of such comparisons on competition between sellers in a simple two-period spatial model. When some consumers are uninformed about current prices, media price comparisons provide information which can directly intensify competition. Furthermore, firms that do well in price comparisons can experience an increase in demand for their product over time; to what extent they reap the rewards of this by increasing prices in the future, depends on how likely they regard further price comparisons. Current media attention thus has a contemporaneous effect and an intertemporal one. Each firm is aware of this, and takes into account that due to media attention, an aggressive pricing policy may have effects similar to informative advertising in the current period and to persuasive advertising in the future. We seek to disentangle these effects on price competition in a model where media attention takes place stochastically, and in which some consumers are initially uniformed and sellers can initially have different reputations for adopting a low-price profile. Moreover, we present conditions under which media attention creates a snowball effect in which the current winner remains a low-price seller over time, and under which the victor will be expected to alternate. Both patterns are observed in practice. 17 5 Pub_Type 1 17 6 Pub_Year 2021 17 7 Pub_OldID 0 17 8 41015 Framework conditions for renewable energy: Towards a new era of carbonomics? Amalie Tusvik and Trond Bjørndal I Nesset, E., Solli-Sæther, H. og Strand, Ø. (red.): Bidrag innen kundeverdi og marked. Festskrift til Øyvind Helgesen. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41015 18 0 Pub_TypeNumber Framework conditions for renewable energy: Towards a new era of carbonomics? 18 1 Pub_Writer Amalie Tusvik and Trond Bjørndal 18 2 Pub_Title I Nesset, E., Solli-Sæther, H. og Strand, Ø. (red.): Bidrag innen kundeverdi og marked. Festskrift til Øyvind Helgesen. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget 18 3 Pub_Publication /Files 18 4 Pub_AbstractEn 18 5 Pub_Type 3 18 6 Pub_Year 2021 18 7 Pub_OldID 0 18 8 41014 Samfunnsøkonomen, nr. 6, 17-31 (2021) Anne Lie, Majken Tjora, Henrik Lindhjem, Ståle Navrud, Margrethe Aanesen og Gorm Kopperberg Kostnader og nytte ved miljøtiltak i norsk lakseoppdrett /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_Samfunnsøkonomen_Aanesen mfl_06_21.pdf 3 2021 0 PubID 41014 19 0 Pub_TypeNumber Samfunnsøkonomen, nr. 6, 17-31 (2021) 19 1 Pub_Writer Anne Lie, Majken Tjora, Henrik Lindhjem, Ståle Navrud, Margrethe Aanesen og Gorm Kopperberg 19 2 Pub_Title Kostnader og nytte ved miljøtiltak i norsk lakseoppdrett 19 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_Samfunnsøkonomen_Aanesen mfl_06_21.pdf 19 4 Pub_AbstractEn 19 5 Pub_Type 3 19 6 Pub_Year 2021 19 7 Pub_OldID 0 19 8 41012 R14/21 Astrid Oline Ervik Foreløpig effektevaluering av modulstrukturert forberedende voksenopplæring (FVO) /Files/Filer/Publications/R14_21.pdf 2 2021 0 PubID 41012 20 0 Pub_TypeNumber R14/21 20 1 Pub_Writer Astrid Oline Ervik 20 2 Pub_Title Foreløpig effektevaluering av modulstrukturert forberedende voksenopplæring (FVO) 20 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R14_21.pdf 20 4 Pub_AbstractEn 20 5 Pub_Type 2 20 6 Pub_Year 2021 20 7 Pub_OldID 0 20 8 41011 A10/21 Øystein Foros, Halvar Helgø og Thea Kilstad Dagligvaremarkedet: Fremmer forbrukerjournalistikk som VGs matbørs konkurransen? /Files/Filer/Publications/A10_21.pdf 1 2021 0 PubID 41011 21 0 Pub_TypeNumber A10/21 21 1 Pub_Writer Øystein Foros, Halvar Helgø og Thea Kilstad 21 2 Pub_Title Dagligvaremarkedet: Fremmer forbrukerjournalistikk som VGs matbørs konkurransen? 21 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A10_21.pdf 21 4 Pub_AbstractEn 21 5 Pub_Type 1 21 6 Pub_Year 2021 21 7 Pub_OldID 0 21 8 41010 Journal of Advanced Transportation (2021) Sina Nordhoff, Tyron Louw, Ruth Madigan, Yee Mun Lee, Satu Innamaa, Esko Lehtonen, Fanny Malin, Afsane Bjorvatn, Anja Beuster, Riender Happee, Tanja Kessel and Natasha Merat Profiling the Enthusiastic, Neutral, and Sceptical Users of Conditionally Automated Cars in 17 Countries: A Questionnaire Study /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41010 22 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Advanced Transportation (2021) 22 1 Pub_Writer Sina Nordhoff, Tyron Louw, Ruth Madigan, Yee Mun Lee, Satu Innamaa, Esko Lehtonen, Fanny Malin, Afsane Bjorvatn, Anja Beuster, Riender Happee, Tanja Kessel and Natasha Merat 22 2 Pub_Title Profiling the Enthusiastic, Neutral, and Sceptical Users of Conditionally Automated Cars in 17 Countries: A Questionnaire Study 22 3 Pub_Publication /Files 22 4 Pub_AbstractEn 22 5 Pub_Type 3 22 6 Pub_Year 2021 22 7 Pub_OldID 0 22 8 41009 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(22) (2021) Tyron Louw, Ruth Madigan, Yee Mun Lee, Sina Nordhoff, Esko Lehtonen, Satu Innamaa, Fanny Malin, Afsane Bjorvatn and Natasha Merat Drivers' Intentions to Use Different Functionalities of Conditionally Automated Cars: A Survey Study of 18,631 Drivers from 17 Countries /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41009 23 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(22) (2021) 23 1 Pub_Writer Tyron Louw, Ruth Madigan, Yee Mun Lee, Sina Nordhoff, Esko Lehtonen, Satu Innamaa, Fanny Malin, Afsane Bjorvatn and Natasha Merat 23 2 Pub_Title Drivers' Intentions to Use Different Functionalities of Conditionally Automated Cars: A Survey Study of 18,631 Drivers from 17 Countries 23 3 Pub_Publication /Files 23 4 Pub_AbstractEn 23 5 Pub_Type 3 23 6 Pub_Year 2021 23 7 Pub_OldID 0 23 8 41008 PLoS ONE, 16(11): e0260257 (2021) Leif K. Sandal, Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto and Manuel Morán A contraction approach to dynamic optimization problems /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41008 24 0 Pub_TypeNumber PLoS ONE, 16(11): e0260257 (2021) 24 1 Pub_Writer Leif K. Sandal, Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto and Manuel Morán 24 2 Pub_Title A contraction approach to dynamic optimization problems 24 3 Pub_Publication /Files 24 4 Pub_AbstractEn 24 5 Pub_Type 3 24 6 Pub_Year 2021 24 7 Pub_OldID 0 24 8 41007 Human Relations, 1-26 (2021) Elizabeth Solberg, Therese E. Sverdrup, Alexander Madsen Sandvik and Vidar Schei Encouraging or expecting flexibility? How small business leaders' mastery goal orientation influences employee flexibility through different work climate perceptions /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41007 25 0 Pub_TypeNumber Human Relations, 1-26 (2021) 25 1 Pub_Writer Elizabeth Solberg, Therese E. Sverdrup, Alexander Madsen Sandvik and Vidar Schei 25 2 Pub_Title Encouraging or expecting flexibility? How small business leaders' mastery goal orientation influences employee flexibility through different work climate perceptions 25 3 Pub_Publication /Files 25 4 Pub_AbstractEn 25 5 Pub_Type 3 25 6 Pub_Year 2021 25 7 Pub_OldID 0 25 8 41005 Journal of Health Economics, 79, 102509 (2021) Kurt Richard Brekke, Chiara Canta, Siciliani Luigi and Odd Rune Straume Hospital Competition in a National Health Service: Evidence from a Patient Choice Reform /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41005 26 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Health Economics, 79, 102509 (2021) 26 1 Pub_Writer Kurt Richard Brekke, Chiara Canta, Siciliani Luigi and Odd Rune Straume 26 2 Pub_Title Hospital Competition in a National Health Service: Evidence from a Patient Choice Reform 26 3 Pub_Publication /Files 26 4 Pub_AbstractEn 26 5 Pub_Type 3 26 6 Pub_Year 2021 26 7 Pub_OldID 0 26 8 41003 Science (Letters), Vol. 374 (2021) Keita Abe et. al. WTO must ban harmful fisheries subsidies /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41003 27 0 Pub_TypeNumber Science (Letters), Vol. 374 (2021) 27 1 Pub_Writer Keita Abe et. al. 27 2 Pub_Title WTO must ban harmful fisheries subsidies 27 3 Pub_Publication /Files 27 4 Pub_AbstractEn 27 5 Pub_Type 3 27 6 Pub_Year 2021 27 7 Pub_OldID 0 27 8 41002 International Journal Environmental Research and Public Health, 18, 10680 (2021) Micael Dahlen, Helge Thorbjørnsen, Hallgeir Sjåstad, Petra von Heideken Wågert, Charlotta Hellström, Birgitta Kerstis, Daniel Lindberg, Jonas Stier and Maria Elvén Changes in Physical Activity are Associated with Corresponding Changes in Psychological Well-Being: A Pandemic Case Study /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41002 28 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Journal Environmental Research and Public Health, 18, 10680 (2021) 28 1 Pub_Writer Micael Dahlen, Helge Thorbjørnsen, Hallgeir Sjåstad, Petra von Heideken Wågert, Charlotta Hellström, Birgitta Kerstis, Daniel Lindberg, Jonas Stier and Maria Elvén 28 2 Pub_Title Changes in Physical Activity are Associated with Corresponding Changes in Psychological Well-Being: A Pandemic Case Study 28 3 Pub_Publication /Files 28 4 Pub_AbstractEn 28 5 Pub_Type 3 28 6 Pub_Year 2021 28 7 Pub_OldID 0 28 8 41001 Marine Policy, 135, 104829 (2021) Kristin Helen Roll, Frank Asche and Trond Bjørndal The effect of introducing fuel tax to the Norwegian fishery industry /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41001 29 0 Pub_TypeNumber Marine Policy, 135, 104829 (2021) 29 1 Pub_Writer Kristin Helen Roll, Frank Asche and Trond Bjørndal 29 2 Pub_Title The effect of introducing fuel tax to the Norwegian fishery industry 29 3 Pub_Publication /Files 29 4 Pub_AbstractEn 29 5 Pub_Type 3 29 6 Pub_Year 2021 29 7 Pub_OldID 0 29 8 41000 Transportation Research Part E 155, 102495 (2021) Gabriel Fuentes Generating bunkering statistics from AIS data: A machine learning approach /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 41000 30 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part E 155, 102495 (2021) 30 1 Pub_Writer Gabriel Fuentes 30 2 Pub_Title Generating bunkering statistics from AIS data: A machine learning approach 30 3 Pub_Publication /Files 30 4 Pub_AbstractEn 30 5 Pub_Type 3 30 6 Pub_Year 2021 30 7 Pub_OldID 0 30 8 40999 The Manchester School (2021) Armando J. Garcia Pires Net neutrality and content provision /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40999 31 0 Pub_TypeNumber The Manchester School (2021) 31 1 Pub_Writer Armando J. Garcia Pires 31 2 Pub_Title Net neutrality and content provision 31 3 Pub_Publication /Files 31 4 Pub_AbstractEn 31 5 Pub_Type 3 31 6 Pub_Year 2021 31 7 Pub_OldID 0 31 8 40998 The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science (2021) Julie S. Ågnes Gaining and Training a Digital Colleague: Employee Responses to Robotization /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40998 32 0 Pub_TypeNumber The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science (2021) 32 1 Pub_Writer Julie S. Ågnes 32 2 Pub_Title Gaining and Training a Digital Colleague: Employee Responses to Robotization 32 3 Pub_Publication /Files 32 4 Pub_AbstractEn 32 5 Pub_Type 3 32 6 Pub_Year 2021 32 7 Pub_OldID 0 32 8 40997 Maritime Policy & Management (2021) Nguyen Khoi Tran, Jasmine Siu Lee Lam, Haiying Jia and Roar Adland Emissions from container vessels in the port of Singapore /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40997 33 0 Pub_TypeNumber Maritime Policy & Management (2021) 33 1 Pub_Writer Nguyen Khoi Tran, Jasmine Siu Lee Lam, Haiying Jia and Roar Adland 33 2 Pub_Title Emissions from container vessels in the port of Singapore 33 3 Pub_Publication /Files 33 4 Pub_AbstractEn 33 5 Pub_Type 3 33 6 Pub_Year 2021 33 7 Pub_OldID 0 33 8 40996 Maritime Policy & Management (2021) Roar Adland, Lars Eirik Anestad and Bjarte Abrahamsen Statistical arbitrage in the freight options market /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40996 34 0 Pub_TypeNumber Maritime Policy & Management (2021) 34 1 Pub_Writer Roar Adland, Lars Eirik Anestad and Bjarte Abrahamsen 34 2 Pub_Title Statistical arbitrage in the freight options market 34 3 Pub_Publication /Files 34 4 Pub_AbstractEn 34 5 Pub_Type 3 34 6 Pub_Year 2021 34 7 Pub_OldID 0 34 8 40995 Journal of Environmental Management, 300, 113794 (2021) Negar Akbari, Francesc Maynou, Trond Bjørndal, Pierre Failler, Benjamin Drakeford and Andy Forse Scenarios of profitability of western Mediterranean demersal fisheries in an effort control regime /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40995 35 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Environmental Management, 300, 113794 (2021) 35 1 Pub_Writer Negar Akbari, Francesc Maynou, Trond Bjørndal, Pierre Failler, Benjamin Drakeford and Andy Forse 35 2 Pub_Title Scenarios of profitability of western Mediterranean demersal fisheries in an effort control regime 35 3 Pub_Publication /Files 35 4 Pub_AbstractEn 35 5 Pub_Type 3 35 6 Pub_Year 2021 35 7 Pub_OldID 0 35 8 40992 Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 154, 1-16 (2021) Yewen Gu and Stein William Wallace Operational benefits of autonomous vessels in logistics - A case of autonomous water-taxis in Bergen /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40992 36 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 154, 1-16 (2021) 36 1 Pub_Writer Yewen Gu and Stein William Wallace 36 2 Pub_Title Operational benefits of autonomous vessels in logistics - A case of autonomous water-taxis in Bergen 36 3 Pub_Publication /Files 36 4 Pub_AbstractEn 36 5 Pub_Type 3 36 6 Pub_Year 2021 36 7 Pub_OldID 0 36 8 40991 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 183, 129-157 (2021) Alexander Wright Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Bertil Tungodden Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40991 37 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 183, 129-157 (2021) 37 1 Pub_Writer Alexander Wright Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Bertil Tungodden 37 2 Pub_Title Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania 37 3 Pub_Publication /Files 37 4 Pub_AbstractEn 37 5 Pub_Type 3 37 6 Pub_Year 2021 37 7 Pub_OldID 0 37 8 40990 Marine Policy, 125 (2021) Florian Klaus Diekert, Linda Nøstbakken and Andries Peter Richter Control activities and compliance behavior - Survey evidence from Norway /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40990 38 0 Pub_TypeNumber Marine Policy, 125 (2021) 38 1 Pub_Writer Florian Klaus Diekert, Linda Nøstbakken and Andries Peter Richter 38 2 Pub_Title Control activities and compliance behavior - Survey evidence from Norway 38 3 Pub_Publication /Files 38 4 Pub_AbstractEn 38 5 Pub_Type 3 38 6 Pub_Year 2021 38 7 Pub_OldID 0 38 8 40989 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2021) Kjetil Bjorvatn, Mathias Ekström and Armando J. Garcia Pires Setting goals for keystone habits improves labor market prospects and life satisfaction for unemployed youth: Experimental evidence from Norway /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40989 39 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2021) 39 1 Pub_Writer Kjetil Bjorvatn, Mathias Ekström and Armando J. Garcia Pires 39 2 Pub_Title Setting goals for keystone habits improves labor market prospects and life satisfaction for unemployed youth: Experimental evidence from Norway 39 3 Pub_Publication /Files 39 4 Pub_AbstractEn 39 5 Pub_Type 3 39 6 Pub_Year 2021 39 7 Pub_OldID 0 39 8 40988 Agribusiness (2021) Frank Asche, Hans-Martin Straume and Erling Vårdal Perish or prosper: Trade patterns for highly perishable seafood products /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40988 40 0 Pub_TypeNumber Agribusiness (2021) 40 1 Pub_Writer Frank Asche, Hans-Martin Straume and Erling Vårdal 40 2 Pub_Title Perish or prosper: Trade patterns for highly perishable seafood products 40 3 Pub_Publication /Files 40 4 Pub_AbstractEn 40 5 Pub_Type 3 40 6 Pub_Year 2021 40 7 Pub_OldID 0 40 8 40987 Maritime Policy & Management Roar Adland, Haiying Jia, Hans Christian Olsen Harvei and Julius Jørgensen Second-hand vessel valuation: an extreme gradient boosting approach /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40987 41 0 Pub_TypeNumber Maritime Policy & Management 41 1 Pub_Writer Roar Adland, Haiying Jia, Hans Christian Olsen Harvei and Julius Jørgensen 41 2 Pub_Title Second-hand vessel valuation: an extreme gradient boosting approach 41 3 Pub_Publication /Files 41 4 Pub_AbstractEn 41 5 Pub_Type 3 41 6 Pub_Year 2021 41 7 Pub_OldID 0 41 8 40986 International Journal of Managing Projects in Business (2021) Torstein Nesheim Exploring the resource manager role in a project-based organization /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40986 42 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Journal of Managing Projects in Business (2021) 42 1 Pub_Writer Torstein Nesheim 42 2 Pub_Title Exploring the resource manager role in a project-based organization 42 3 Pub_Publication /Files 42 4 Pub_AbstractEn 42 5 Pub_Type 3 42 6 Pub_Year 2021 42 7 Pub_OldID 0 42 8 40984 A09/21 Maren Gillebo and Kamilla Sundkvist The Importance of Multi-Homing: Merger Implications in the Digital Newspaper Market /Files/Filer/Publications/A09_21.pdf In this paper we analyse how mergers between a subgroup of digital newspapers affect media consumers, the newspapers, and the advertisers. Contrary to most of the existing literature, we endogenise the newspapers’ quality decisions. It turns out that the effects depend crucially on whether we assume that consumers single-home (buy access to only one newspaper) or multi-home (buy access to more than one newspaper). Strikingly, we find that a merger increases the average newspaper quality under single-homing. Consumer surplus nonetheless falls. The intuition behind this result is essentially that the merging newspapers will use their increased market power to charge higher consumer prices and invest less in journalistic quality. This harms consumers who intrinsically prefer the editorial profile of the merging newspapers. Under multi-homing, on the other hand, we find that a merger will have no effect on either consumer prices or quality levels, and consumer surplus is thus left unchanged. The advertisers are harmed by the merger under multi-homing, but the lost advertiser surplus is extracted by the newspapers. 1 2021 0 PubID 40984 43 0 Pub_TypeNumber A09/21 43 1 Pub_Writer Maren Gillebo and Kamilla Sundkvist 43 2 Pub_Title The Importance of Multi-Homing: Merger Implications in the Digital Newspaper Market 43 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A09_21.pdf 43 4 Pub_AbstractEn In this paper we analyse how mergers between a subgroup of digital newspapers affect media consumers, the newspapers, and the advertisers. Contrary to most of the existing literature, we endogenise the newspapers’ quality decisions. It turns out that the effects depend crucially on whether we assume that consumers single-home (buy access to only one newspaper) or multi-home (buy access to more than one newspaper). Strikingly, we find that a merger increases the average newspaper quality under single-homing. Consumer surplus nonetheless falls. The intuition behind this result is essentially that the merging newspapers will use their increased market power to charge higher consumer prices and invest less in journalistic quality. This harms consumers who intrinsically prefer the editorial profile of the merging newspapers. Under multi-homing, on the other hand, we find that a merger will have no effect on either consumer prices or quality levels, and consumer surplus is thus left unchanged. The advertisers are harmed by the merger under multi-homing, but the lost advertiser surplus is extracted by the newspapers. 43 5 Pub_Type 1 43 6 Pub_Year 2021 43 7 Pub_OldID 0 43 8 40983 The Journal of Development Studies (2021) Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge and Armando José Garcia Pires Measuring Spillover Effects from an Entrepreneurship Programme: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Tanzania /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40983 44 0 Pub_TypeNumber The Journal of Development Studies (2021) 44 1 Pub_Writer Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge and Armando José Garcia Pires 44 2 Pub_Title Measuring Spillover Effects from an Entrepreneurship Programme: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Tanzania 44 3 Pub_Publication /Files 44 4 Pub_AbstractEn 44 5 Pub_Type 3 44 6 Pub_Year 2021 44 7 Pub_OldID 0 44 8 40982 Fisheries Management: An Overview (2021) Ana Brasão, Trond Bjørndal and Gordon Munro In: Leal Filho, W., Azul, A.M., Brandli, L., Lange Salvia, A. and Wall, T. (eds.): Life Below Water. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham. /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40982 45 0 Pub_TypeNumber Fisheries Management: An Overview (2021) 45 1 Pub_Writer Ana Brasão, Trond Bjørndal and Gordon Munro 45 2 Pub_Title In: Leal Filho, W., Azul, A.M., Brandli, L., Lange Salvia, A. and Wall, T. (eds.): Life Below Water. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham. 45 3 Pub_Publication /Files 45 4 Pub_AbstractEn 45 5 Pub_Type 3 45 6 Pub_Year 2021 45 7 Pub_OldID 0 45 8 40981 Waste Biomass Valor (2021) Vlastimír Nevrlý, Radovan Somplák, Lenka Szásziová, Jaroslav Pluskal and Vit Procházka Offshore Conceptual Plastic Waste Collection and Treatment Towards Clean Ocean /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40981 46 0 Pub_TypeNumber Waste Biomass Valor (2021) 46 1 Pub_Writer Vlastimír Nevrlý, Radovan Somplák, Lenka Szásziová, Jaroslav Pluskal and Vit Procházka 46 2 Pub_Title Offshore Conceptual Plastic Waste Collection and Treatment Towards Clean Ocean 46 3 Pub_Publication /Files 46 4 Pub_AbstractEn 46 5 Pub_Type 3 46 6 Pub_Year 2021 46 7 Pub_OldID 0 46 8 40980 A06/21 Trond Bjørndal The Northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean Bluefin Tuna Fishery: Back from the Brink? /Files/Filer/Publications/A06_21.pdf At the turn of the century, the Northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean bluefin tuna stock (BFT) appeared to be severely overexploited with some commentators believing it was heading towards collapse. In 2006, a 15-year recovery plan was introduced with the purpose of restoring the stock to a level corresponding to maximum sustainable yield (MSY) with a probability of at least 50%. Stock size is now increasing, which has permitted higher TACs in recent years. In fact, the stock is now believed to be sustainably harvested. This represents a total turnaround from the situation of less than 15 years ago. The fishery is managed by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), a Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (RFMO) in accordance with the 1995 United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement. BFT is classified as a highly migratory stock harvested by a large number of countries. Several authors have questioned the effectiveness of RFMOs. This paper analyses how cooperation has been achieved for BFT and whether the current cooperative management regime is stable, so as to see what lessons it holds for RFMO management, in particular when it comes to highly migratory stocks. 1 2021 0 PubID 40980 47 0 Pub_TypeNumber A06/21 47 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal 47 2 Pub_Title The Northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean Bluefin Tuna Fishery: Back from the Brink? 47 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A06_21.pdf 47 4 Pub_AbstractEn At the turn of the century, the Northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean bluefin tuna stock (BFT) appeared to be severely overexploited with some commentators believing it was heading towards collapse. In 2006, a 15-year recovery plan was introduced with the purpose of restoring the stock to a level corresponding to maximum sustainable yield (MSY) with a probability of at least 50%. Stock size is now increasing, which has permitted higher TACs in recent years. In fact, the stock is now believed to be sustainably harvested. This represents a total turnaround from the situation of less than 15 years ago. The fishery is managed by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), a Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (RFMO) in accordance with the 1995 United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement. BFT is classified as a highly migratory stock harvested by a large number of countries. Several authors have questioned the effectiveness of RFMOs. This paper analyses how cooperation has been achieved for BFT and whether the current cooperative management regime is stable, so as to see what lessons it holds for RFMO management, in particular when it comes to highly migratory stocks. 47 5 Pub_Type 1 47 6 Pub_Year 2021 47 7 Pub_OldID 0 47 8 40979 Marine Policy, 132, 104669 (2021) Trond Bjørndal and Gordon R. Munro A game theoretic perspective on the management of shared North Sea fishery resources: Pre and post Brexit /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40979 48 0 Pub_TypeNumber Marine Policy, 132, 104669 (2021) 48 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal and Gordon R. Munro 48 2 Pub_Title A game theoretic perspective on the management of shared North Sea fishery resources: Pre and post Brexit 48 3 Pub_Publication /Files 48 4 Pub_AbstractEn 48 5 Pub_Type 3 48 6 Pub_Year 2021 48 7 Pub_OldID 0 48 8 40978 The Economic Journal (2021) Julian Vedeler Johnsen, Kjell Vaage and Alexander Willén Interactions in Public Policies: Spousal Responses and Program Spillovers of Welfare Reforms /Files 3 2021 0 PubID 40978 49 0 Pub_TypeNumber The Economic Journal (2021) 49 1 Pub_Writer Julian Vedeler Johnsen, Kjell Vaage and Alexander Willén 49 2 Pub_Title Interactions in Public Policies: Spousal Responses and Program Spillovers of Welfare Reforms 49 3 Pub_Publication /Files 49 4 Pub_AbstractEn 49 5 Pub_Type 3 49 6 Pub_Year 2021 49 7 Pub_OldID 0 49 8